Billings Home Inspections
1234 Main St.
West Palm Beach Florida 33411
It is recommended that any noted deficiencies be evaluated and repaired by a certified contractor of trade.
This report is the exclusive property of this inspection company and the client(s) listed in the report title. Use of this report by any unauthorized persons is prohibited.
Listed below is a description of the Categories used throughout the report to help understand the severity of an item. Any items list in the below categories may be based on the inspectors opinion. These categories are not designed to be considered as an enforceable repair or responsibility of the current homeowner, but designed to inform the current client of the current condition of the property and structure. They may be used in negotiations between real estate professionals.
Maintenance/Monitor = The item, component, or system while perhaps is functioning as intended may be in need of minor repair, service, or maintenance; is showing wear or deterioration that could result in an adverse condition at some point in the future; or consideration should be made in upgrading the item, component, or system to enhance the function, efficiency, and/or safety. Items that fall into this category frequently be addressed by a homeowner or Licensed Handyman and are considered to be routine homeowner maintenance (DIY) or recommended upgrades.
Deficiencies = The item, component, or system while perhaps functioning as intended is in need of moderate repair, service, is showing signs of wear or deterioration that could result is an adverse condition at some point in the future; consideration should be made in upgrading the item, component, or system to enhance the function, efficiency and/or safety. Items falling into this category can frequently be addressed by a licensed handyman or qualified contractor of trade and are not considered routine maintenance or DIY items.
Safety & Immediate Attention = The item, component, or system poses a safety concern to occupants in or around the home. Some listed concerns may have been considered acceptable for the time of the structures construction, but pose a current risk.
The item, component or system is not functioning as intended, or needs further inspection by a qualified license contractor of trade; possible damage to the structure, item, or component may occur. Repairs may be possible to satisfactory condition with out repair.
1 - Inspection details
Present at time of the inspection
Rain in the last few days
The following items have been excluded from the inspection.
Type of Structure
Age of the Structure
Left or right of home
Billings Home Inspections is pleased to submit the enclosed report. This report is a professional opinion based on a visual inspection of the readily accessible areas and components of the building. This report is neither an engineering inspection nor an exhaustive technical evaluation. An engineering inspection or a technical evaluation of this nature would cost many times more and take days, if not weeks, to complete.
Please understand that there are limitations to this type of visual inspection. Many components of the property are not visual during the inspection and very little historical information (if any) is provided in advance of, or even during, the inspection, While we believe we can reduce your risk of purchasing a property, we can not eliminate it, nor can or do we assume it. Even the most comprehensive inspection cannot be expected to reveal every condition you may consider significant to ownership. In addition to those improvements recommended in our report, we recommended that you budget for unexpected repairs. On the average, we have found it necessary for you to set aside a percentage of the value of the home on an annual basis that will be sufficient to cover unexpected repairs. This maybe 1 % for a modest home and a higher amount, say maybe 3 % or so, for a more complex and /or an older home with aging systems and some deferred maintenance.
Your attention is directed to your copy of the Pre-Inspection Agreement. It more specifically explains the scope of the inspection and the limit of our ability in performing this inspection. The Standards of Practice and Code of Ethics of the National Association of Certification Home Inspectors (NACHI) prohibit us from making any repairs or referring any contractors. We are not associated with any other party to the transaction of this property, except as may be disclosed by you.
The information provided in this report is solely for your use. Billings Home Inspections will not release a copy or this report, nor will we discuss its contents with any third party, without your written consent.
We know you had many options in your choice of an inspection company. Thank you for selecting us. We appreciate the opportunity to be your choice in the building inspection industry. Should you have any questions about the general conditions of the house in the future, we would be happy to answer these. There is no fee for your 1st telephone consulting call. Additional calls may incur additional fees. Our inspection fees are based on a single visit to the property. If additional visits are required for any reason, additional fees will be assessed.
2 - Roof
Estimated roof age
Roof Inspection method
If any discrepancies are in fact identified, it is recommended that to accurately determined the scope of the actual discrepancies, as well as any cost of correction, you consult with a licensed roofing contractor. Not all roof will be walked, dimension, slope, weather, etc may allow the roof to be accessed.
The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; solar roofing components. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on the roof surface material, nor guarantee that leaks have not occurred in the roof surface, skylights or roof penetrations in the past. Regarding roof leaks, only active leaks, visible evidence of possible sources of leaks, and evidence of past leaks observed during the inspection are reported on as part of this inspection. The inspector does not guarantee or warrant that leaks will not occur in the future. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high wind and rain) would be needed to do so. Occupants should monitor the condition of roofing materials in the future. For older roofs, recommend that a professional inspect the roof surface, flashings, appurtenances, etc. annually and maintain/repair as might be required. If needed, the roofer should enter attic space(s). Regarding the roof drainage system, unless the inspection was conducted during and after prolonged periods of heavy rain, the inspector was unable to determine if gutters, downspouts and extensions perform adequately or are leak-free.
The report is not intended to be conclusive regarding the life span of the roofing system or how long it will remain watertight in the future. The inspection and report are based on visual and apparent conditions at the time of the inspection. Unless prolonged and extensive rain has fallen just prior to the inspection, it may not be possible to determine if active leakage is occurring. Even Then, numerous features may conceal active leakage. Usually not all attics are readily accessible for inspection. The client is advised to inquire about the presence of any roof leaks with the present owner.
IF Required, Only Qualified, License personnel Should Carry Out Any Repairs Needed.
All roofs require periodic maintenance to achieve typical lifespans, and should be inspected annually. Expect to make periodical repairs to any roof on a routine basis with replacement at the end of the roof's material Useful Service Life, which may not be equal to its Design Life.
CONCLUSIONS MADE BY THE INSPECTOR DO NOT CONSTITUTE A WARRANTY, GUARANTY, OR POLICY of INSURANCE.
Vegetation in contact or overhangs
Loose ridge tiles
3 - Exterior
Exterior wall structure
Garage Door Material
The inspector performs a visual inspection of accessible components or systems at the exterior. Items excluded from this inspection include below-grade foundation walls and footings; foundations, exterior surfaces or components obscured by vegetation, stored items or debris; wall structures obscured by coverings such as siding or trim. Some items such as siding, trim, soffits, vents and windows are often high off the ground, and may be viewed using binoculars from the ground or from a ladder. This may limit a full evaluation. Regarding foundations, some amount of cracking is normal in concrete slabs and foundation walls due to shrinkage and drying. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of seismic reinforcement.
Unless specifically included in the inspection, the following items and any related equipment, controls, electric systems and/or plumbing systems are excluded from this inspection: detached buildings or structures; fences and gates; retaining walls; underground drainage systems, catch basins or concealed sump pumps; swimming pools and related safety equipment, spas, hot tubs or saunas; whether deck, balcony and/or stair membranes are watertight; trees, landscaping, properties of soil, soil stability, erosion and erosion control; ponds, water features, irrigation or yard sprinkler systems; sport courts, playground, recreation or leisure equipment; areas below the exterior structures with less than 3 feet of vertical clearance; invisible fencing; sea walls, docks and boathouses; retractable awnings. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only.
Screen enclosure-anchor bolts
Screen enclosure-screens torn
One or more paver's at the sidewalk driveway and/or patio have settled or heaved . This could be caused by the drainage (settlement) or tree roots (heaving). It is recommended to have a certified contractor make the necessary repairs.
One or more ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) receptacles (outlets) were not functioning properly (would not trip/would not reset). Recommend a licensed electrical contractorreplacewith new GFCIoutlet.
No caulk light
One or more soffit vent screens are missing and/or deteriorated. Birds and vermin may enter the attic because of this. Screens should be replaced or repaired where necessary, or installed where missing.
Stains, Past leaks
Cracks, deterioration and/or damage were found in one or more areas of the exterior stucco finish. In damp climates, moisture can enter cracks or damaged areas and further deteriorate the stucco. Also the wall behind the stucco can become damaged from moisture. Note that areas behind the stucco are inaccessible and excluded from this inspection. Recommend that a qualified contractor repair or replace stucco as necessary.
4 - Plumbing
Location of Water meter
Service Pipe to house
Interior Supply piping
Location of Main Shut off
Mater Not Found
Plumbing In Walls
As we have discussed and as described in your inspection contract, this is a visual inspection limited in scope by (but not restricted to) the following.
1) Portions of the plumbing system canceled by finishes and/or storage (below sinks etc.) below the structure, or beneath the ground surface are not inspected.
2) Water quantity and water quality are not tested unless explicitly contracted for and discussed in this or a separate report.
3) Clothes washing machine connections are not inspected.
4) Interior of flues or chimneys which are not readily accessible are not inspected.
5) Water conditioning systems, solar water heaters, fire and lawn sprinklers, and private waste disposal systems are not inspected unless explicitly contracted for and discussed in this or a separate report.
Please refer to the pre-inspection contract for a detailed explanation of the scope of this inspection.
5 - Water Heater
1. Studies by the Florida Solar Energy Center and major electric companies, confirm that an electric heater accounts for some 1/3 of a typical homes electric power bill(i.e.-of a typical $ 150 monthly bill-some 1/3 or about $ 50, is attributable to the electric water heater}. Farther, these studies confirm that the installation of a water heater timer can reduce the unit's energy consumption by some 50% (i.e.-in this example by some $ 25 a month- every month---FOREVER !
2. A hot water timer is similar (but different) from a pool or a sprinkler system timer that controls the time the hot water heater is allowed to be "ON" and therefore it also controls the amount of electricity the unit consumes.
3) It is our opinion that you have a routine life style, therefore is very little economic sense to require the water heater to be "ON" and consuming electrical energy during the later night and early morning hours, when it could be atomically be turned "OFF" by a water heater timer. Similarly, you may desire the unit to be "OFF" during the mid day hours. The installation and adjustment of an electric water heaters thermostat is possible to accomplish by a handy and safety conscious homeowner. However the installation requires the opening of the unit's electrical service. This will expose hazardous live electrical connections- which can TAKE YOUR LIFE via electrocution. For safety's sake work on ALL electrical appliances with the power disconnected. If you have questions what so ever, please consult with a qualified electrical appliance specialist.
Pictures of Unit
The following items are not included in this inspection: solar water heating systems; circulation systems. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on water heaters, does not determine if water heaters are appropriately sized, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit.
Pan missing same Elevation
Corrosion On Fitting/Lines
TPR >4 elbows
Near life expectancy
Improper electrical connector
There is an improper electrical connector installed where the wires into the top of the water heater. The proper electrical connector should be installed for the wires enter the water heater.
TP line kinked
The temperature pressure line is kinked. This can cause excessive pressure if the temperature pressure valve is ever to release. The kink should be removed from the temperature pressure line.
6 - Electric Service
Location of Main Disconnect
Location of Main Panel
Located in the Electrical Closet
The following items are not included in this inspection: generator systems, transfer switches, surge suppressors, inaccessible or concealed wiring; underground utilities and systems; low-voltage lighting or lighting on timers or sensors. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not determine the adequacy of grounding or bonding, if this system has an adequate capacity for the client's specific or anticipated needs, or if this system has any reserve capacity for additions or expansion. The inspector does not operate circuit breakers as part of the inspection, and does not install or change light bulbs. The inspector does not evaluate every wall switch or receptacle, but instead tests a representative number of them per various standards of practice. When furnishings, stored items or child-protective caps are present some receptacles are usually inaccessible and are not tested; these are excluded from this inspection. Receptacles that are not of standard 110 volt configuration, including 240-volt dryer receptacles, are not tested and are excluded. The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms is not determined as part of this inspection. Upon taking occupancy, proper operating and placement of smoke and carbon monoxide alarms should be verified and batteries should be changed. These devices have a limited lifespan and should be replaced every 10 years. The inspector attempts to locate and evaluate all main and sub-panels. However, panels are often concealed. If panels are found after the inspection, a qualified electrician should evaluate and repair if necessary. The inspector attempts to determine the overall electrical service size, but such estimates are not guaranteed because the overall capacity may be diminished by lesser-rated components in the system. Any repairs recommended should be made by a licensed electrician.
7 - HVAC
Estimated Age Condensing Unit
Condenser Model #
Condenser Serial #
The condensing unit was in good condition.
Estimate Age Air Handler
Air Handler Model #
Air Handler Serial #
Pictures of Unit
Pictures of unit
The following items are not included in this inspection: humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters; solar, coal or wood-fired heat systems; thermostat or temperature control accuracy and timed functions; heating components concealed within the building structure or in inaccessible areas; underground utilities and systems; safety devices and controls (due to automatic operation). Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not provide an estimate of remaining life on heating or cooling system components, does not determine if heating or cooling systems are appropriately sized, does not test coolant pressure, or perform any evaluations that require a pilot light to be lit, a shut-off valve to be operated, a circuit breaker to be turned "on" or a serviceman's or oil emergency switch to be operated. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to determine if furnace heat exchangers are intact and free of leaks. Condensation pans and drain lines may clog or leak at any time and should be monitored while in operation in the future. Where buildings contain furnishings or stored items, the inspector may not be able to verify that a heat source is present in all "liveable" rooms (e.g. bedrooms, kitchens and living/dining rooms).
The air handler drain line is too close to the structure.
There is a stain on the ceiling above the air handler with the ductwork passes. The ductwork maybe leaking causing condensation. A certified HVAC technician should evaluate and seal as needed.
Lying on Insulation
8 - Kitchen
Undermount sink sealant
Low or No Flow
9 - Interiors
Floors, Walls, Ceilings:
Smoke and CO alarms:
Smoke Alarms Present
The following items are not included in this inspection: security, intercom and sound systems; communications wiring; central vacuum systems; elevators and stair lifts; cosmetic deficiencies such as nail-pops, scuff marks, dents, dings, blemishes or issues due to normal wear and tear in wall, floor and ceiling surfaces and coverings, or in equipment; deficiencies relating to interior decorating; low voltage and gas lighting systems. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not evaluate any areas or items which require moving stored items, furnishings, debris, equipment, floor coverings, insulation or similar materials. The inspector does not test for asbestos, lead, radon, mold, hazardous waste, urea formaldehyde urethane, or any other toxic substance. Some items such as window, drawer, cabinet door or closet door operability are tested on a sampled basis. The client should be aware that paint may obscure wall and ceiling defects, floor coverings may obscure floor defects, and furnishings may obscure wall, floor and floor covering defects. If furnishings were present during the inspection, recommend a full evaluation of walls, floors and ceilings that were previously obscured when possible. Carpeting and flooring, when installed over concrete slabs, may conceal moisture. If dampness wicks through a slab and is hidden by floor coverings that moisture can result in unhygienic conditions, odors or problems that will only be discovered when/if the flooring is removed. Determining the cause and/or source of odors is not within the scope of this inspection.
Light Fixture Inoperable
Kitchen, Master Bedroom
Kitchen, Master Bedroom, Front Door
Cover plate missing
Cover plate(s) are missing from one or more electric boxes, such as for receptacles, switches and/or junction boxes. They are intended to contain fire and prevent electric shock from exposed wires. This is a safety hazard due to the risk of fire and shock. Cover plates should be installed where missing.
The threshold between the main living area and the room to the left of the main entry is missing. A threshold should be installed to avoid deterioration to the tile or rug and to avoid a tripping hazard to occupants.
Smoke Alarm >10 yrs
Smoke Alarm missing/damage
One or more closet doors are missing, damaged or need repairs. It is recommended to have the necessary repairs or replacement of the closet door
The guide at the middle bottom of the closet door in the office at the rear of the home is missing. The doors may become damaged from lateral swinging while in use.
Master Bedroom, Middle Rear
10 - Bathrooms
Master Bathroom, Full Bathroom
Gaps wet areas
Caulking at controls backplate
Full Bathroom, Master Bathroom
No or bad caulk base
11 - Laundry
For equipment more than a few years old, we recommend that all clothes washer machine hoses and their gaskets be replaced upon your taking possession of the unit.
Cautionary Statement; We normally operate on-site laundry equipment. Washers and dryers have special safety concerns to owners. During our inspection, we attempt to check the utility connections, supply of hot and cold water, grounded electrical receptacles and some safety devices. During our inspection we endeavor to verify that the equipments operates properly, however we do NOT verify the proper operation of ALL safety devices and other built in safe guards. This is a job for an appliance specialist.
Please be aware that with any appliance being used everyday, owners often forget, or over look the potential hazards that are present in these day-to-day helpmates. All laundry equipment operates both with electricity and high speed motors and rotating drums. Because of the combination of water and electricity along with high-speed rotation, all laundry equipment should be respected. PLEASE SECURE ALL OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUALS FROM PRESENT OWNERS OR THE MANUFACTURERS. Virtually all manufacturers have this consumers information available to you-contact the respective manufacturer.
Please instruct all children that these appliances are potentially hazardous and they should not be played with, nor should anyone under any circumstances, place a hand inside any operating laundry equipment.
LIMITATIONS OF APPLIANCES INSPECTION:
As we discussed and is described in your inspection contract, this is a visual limited in scope by (but not restricted to) the following conditions.
Thermostats, timers and other specialized features and controls are not tested.
The temperature calibration, functionality of timers, effectiveness, efficiency and overall performance of appliances is outside the scope of this inspection.
Please refer to the pre-inspection contract for a detailed explanation of the scope of this inspection.
12 - Garage
Vehicle Door safety
1. The garage door is the largest moving object in the home. It can weigh hundreds of pounds. Often it is supported with spring tension Both the weight of the door itself and the condition of these powerful springs can be dangerous on their own. Combined these two items can become a potentially lethal item. During our inspection, we attempt to inspect vehicle doors for proper operation.
2. Operation of the safety mechanisms should be verified monthly. Switches for door openers should be located as high as practical to prevent children from playing with the door. Children should be warned of the potential risk of injury.
3. Regular lubrication of the garage door tracks, rollers, springs and mounting hardware is recommended. ( consult the owners manual or contact the door/opener manufacture. www.overheaddoor.com/Pages/safety-information.aspx
Floors, walls, Ceiling:
Self-close no function
Weatherstripping around or at the base of the door between the garage and the house was substandard. House to garage doors should prevent fire and fumes from spreading from the garage to the house. Weatherstripping should form a seal around this door. This is a potential safety hazard. Recommend that a qualified person replace or install weatherstripping as necessary.
Protective Cover Lights
Minor cracks wall
Minor floor cracks
Emergency release inoperable
The red emergency release cord did not function when tested. Emergency release should be functional so the door can be released in the event of an emergency or power outage.
13 - Pool
Pool and decking:
Pool and decking:
Fencing at pool
The following items are not included in this inspection: swimming pool bodies; equipment on timers, remote controls or sensors; underground or concealed piping; motorized covers; waterfalls and related equipment; Ozone generators; ultraviolate light systems; filter backflushing mechanisms. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not disassemble filters, remove pool covers, nor determine if swimming pool bodies, filters or skimmers leak, nor determine if swimming pool bodies are level.
The following items are not included in this inspection: spa bodies; equipment on timers, remote controls or sensors; underground or concealed piping; motorized covers; waterfalls and related equipment; Ozone generators; ultraviolate light systems; filter backflushing mechanisms. Any comments made regarding these items are as a courtesy only. Note that the inspector does not disassemble filters, nor determine if spa bodies, filters or skimmers leak, nor determine if spa bodies are level.
There is a leak at the pool equipment. The equipment should be evaluated and any leaks repaired to help prevent unwanted water loose.
Water control I.D.
The water level in the pool is low. It is recommended to adjust the water level and monitor. If there is a significant drop in water it is recommended you have a leak test done on the pool.
Finish First Third
Main Drain Vortex
Drain entrapments are frequently the result of a swimmer body, hair, limbs or clothing becoming entangled in a faulty or flat drain or grate. The best defense against entrapments is to prevent them before they happen by installing federally-compliant drain covers. Inspect your drain cover regularly to make sure it's not broken and is not missing
14 - Appliances
1) The chopping was no nosier that typically expected.
2) The rubber splashguard was in reasonable condition.
3) No leaks were found.
Chiller and freezer temp
Water and Ice maker
The ice maker tray was full.
The automatic ice maker was found in the ON position.
We urge you to verify the units proper operation after it has been running for sometime.
Dishwasher No High loop
Also, no "air gap" is installed. Air gaps are another device meant to prevent water from the sink drain or food disposal from entering the dishwasher. These are required in some municipalities for new construction and when remodeling. The client(s) should consult with a qualified contractor to determine if an air gap should be installed.
15 - Attic
The following items or areas are not included in this inspection: areas that could not be traversed or viewed clearly due to lack of access; areas and components obscured by insulation. Any comments made regarding these items are made as a courtesy only. The inspector does not determine the adequacy of the attic ventilation system. Complete access to all roof and attic spaces during all seasons and during prolonged periods of all types of weather conditions (e.g. high/low temperatures, high/low humidity, high wind and rain, melting snow) would be needed to do so. The inspector is not a licensed engineer and does not determine the adequacy of roof structure components such as trusses, rafters or ceiling beams, or their spacing or sizing.
Some attic areas were inaccessible due to the lack of permanently installed walkways, the possibility of damage to insulation, low height and/or stored items. These areas are excluded from this inspection. We conducted our typical attic inspection by walking through the attic areas as much as possible, in what we call the " random walk" methodology. This method of inspection is not intended to cover every square foot of the attic area, nor will it. Further we could not recreate the route of a random walk even if we tried. We do arrive at an overall impression of the attic's condition developed during this random walk inspection and extrapolate it to the entire attic area. In all the attics area shows normal wear and tear for a home of this age.
One or more area of sheathing is deteriorated. Any deteriorated areas should be repaired as needed.