Any ancillary services will have their own independent report.
A home inspection is a limited, non-invasive examination of the condition of a home. The Home Inspector is expected to identify and report upon Material Defects. A "Material defect" means a condition, or functional aspect, of a structural component or system that is readily ascertainable during a home inspection that substantially affects the value, habitability or safety of the dwelling, but does not include decorative, stylistic, cosmetic, or aesthetic aspects of the system, structure or component. The inspection is limited to the readily accessible and visible systems, equipment and components of the home. The inspector will not dismantle and/or move equipment, systems, furniture, appliances, floor coverings, finished or fastened surfaces or components, personal property or other items to conduct inspections or otherwise to expose concealed or inaccessible conditions. Any areas not accessible at the time of inspection will not be inspected.
It is the goal of the inspection to put a home buyer in a better position to make a buying decision. Unexpected repairs and maintenance should still be anticipated. This report is intended only as a general guide to help the client make his own evaluation of the overall condition of the home, and is not intended to reflect the value of the premises, nor make any representation as to the advisability of purchase. The report expresses the personal opinions of the inspector, based upon his visual impressions of the conditions that existed at the time of the inspection only. The inspection and report are not intended to be technically exhaustive, or to imply that every component was inspected, or that every possible defect was discovered. The inspection should not be considered a guarantee or warranty of any kind. No disassembly of equipment, opening of walls, moving of furniture, appliances or stored items, or excavation was performed. All components and conditions which by the nature of their location are concealed, camouflaged or difficult to inspect are excluded from the report. The inspection is performed in compliance with generally accepted standard of practice, a copy of which is available upon request.
Standards and Limitations
All components designated for inspection in the NJ Standards of Practice NJAC 13:40-15.16 are inspected, except as may be noted in the “Limitations of Inspection” sections within this report. All components/areas noted in the Limitations should be inspected prior to proceeding with the Sale/Purchase once access/conditions are made available. Systems and conditions which are not within the scope of the inspection include, but are not limited to: formaldehyde, lead paint, asbestos, toxic or flammable materials, and other environmental hazards; pest infestation, playground equipment, efficiency measurement of insulation or heating and cooling equipment, internal or underground drainage or plumbing, any systems which are shut down or otherwise secured; water wells (water quality and quantity) zoning ordinances; intercoms; security systems; heat sensors; cosmetics or building code conformity. Any general comments about these systems and conditions are informational only and do not represent an inspection.
Security systems are NOT evaluated as part of a home inspection. Obtain all information from owner on use and specific codes for operation. Communication, entertainment and other low voltage wiring is NOT evaluated as part of a home inspection. Review operation of all such wiring with the owner PRIOR to closing.
We certify that our inspectors have no interest, present or contemplated, in this property or its improvement and no involvement with trades people or benefits derived from any sales or improvements. To the best of our knowledge and belief, all statements and information in this report are true and correct.
Should any disagreement or dispute arise as a result of this inspection or report, it shall be decided by arbitration and shall be submitted for binding, non-appealable arbitration to the American Arbitration Association in accordance with its Construction Industry Arbitration Rules then obtaining, unless the parties mutually agree otherwise. In the event of a claim, the Client will allow the Inspection Company to inspect the claim prior to any repairs or waive the right to make the claim. Client agrees not to disturb or repair or have repaired anything which may constitute evidence relating to the complaint, except in the case of an emergency.
The General Home Inspection is NOT a building code-compliance inspection, but a visual inspection for safety and system defects. The Inspection Report may comment on and identify as problems systems, components and/or conditions which may violate building codes, but although safety defects and building code violations may coincide at the time of the inspection, confirmation of compliance with any building code or identification of any building code violation is not the goal of this Inspection Report and lies beyond the scope of the General Home Inspection.
The inspection report should not be construed as a compliance inspection of any governmental or non governmental codes or regulations. The report is not intended to be a warranty or guarantee of the present or future adequacy or performance of the structure, its systems, or their component parts. This report does not constitute any express or implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for use regarding the condition of the property and it should not be relied upon as such. Any opinions expressed regarding adequacy, capacity, or expected life of components are general estimates based on information about similar components and occasional wide variations are to be expected between such estimates and actual experience.
If you wish to ascertain the degree to which the home complies with any applicable building codes, you should schedule a code-compliance inspection with your municipality.
The home may not meet many generally-accepted current building standards. Older homes are inspected within the context of the time period in which they were built, taking into account the generally-accepted building practices of that time period. The Inspection Report will comment on unsafe conditions, but problems will be described as defects at the Inspectors discretion. Homes are not required to be constantly upgraded to comply with newly-enacted building codes but are only required to comply with building codes or generally-accepted standards which existed at the time of original construction. An exception may exist when a home is remodeled, depending on the scope of work. New work must usually comply with building codes in effect at the time in which the remodel work is performed.
The functionality of, power source for and placement of smoke/fire/carbon monoxide detectors is not part of this inspection. Upon taking occupancy, proper operating and placement of smoke/fire/carbon monoxide detectors should be verified and batteries should be changed. These devices have a limited life span and should be replaced at a minimum every 10 years. If no smoke/fire/carbon monoxide detectors are installed you should consider installation of battery operated and/or hardwired smoke/fire/carbon monoxide detectors in all recommended locations.
All repairs should be performed by qualified professionals only. Adjacent/related parts of the repairable component should be inspected by the qualified professional when the repairs are made.
All references to orientation through out the report are as if viewing the home from the front, street side unless another reference point is stated.
Monitor/Maintain = Item, component, or unit will require routine maintenance, warrants monitoring, or has a limited remaining useful life expectancy and may require replacement in the not too distant future. Maintenance or servicing may be needed by a qualified licensed contractor or specialty tradesman dealing with that item or system.
Improvement/Upgrade = Item, component, or unit is functioning as designed but may have a less than ideal design, function, or may not fully adhere to modern building science. Routine monitoring is recommended and any improvement/upgrades should be performed, as necessary, by a qualified licensed contractor or specialty tradesman dealing with that item or system.
Repair/Replace = Item, component, or unit is not functioning as intended and needs repair or replacement. Further evaluation and/or correction is needed by a qualified licensed contractor or specialty tradesman dealing with that item or system.
Any ancillary services will have their own independent report.
A majority of the ceiling/attic floor was not covered with sheathing/flooring and was covered with insulation. This prevented a full and thorough inspection of the roof/ceiling structure. Hidden, inaccessible, or latent issues may exist.
The foundation wall had multiple areas of moisture staining and active moisture intrusion. Moisture on the walls can be common and is typically directed to the sump pit. However, some water was observed pooling on a portion of the crawlspace floor. Continued moisture intrusion may result in damage to the home. Recommend a qualified waterproofing contractor to evaluate and repair.
While no active insects were observed, termite damage was noted on the rear rim joist. It appears this area has been inspected previously and the home has received a treatment. Recommend obtaining all records from the seller.
The roof structure and sheathing has moisture staining. The source of this staining may have been previously repaired as this area was dry at the time of inspection or may only occur under certain circumstances. Regardless, continued moisture intrusion may cause further damage to the home as well as the home's contents. Recommend continuing to monitor this area. If an active leak is observed, recommend a licensed roofing contractor to evaluate and repair.
The home had drill marks which often indicates a previous termite treatment. Recommend obtaining all records from the current homeowner. Also, recommend continuing annual preventative wood destroying insect inspections/treatments at the discretion of a licensed pest control company.
The siding had inadequate clearance between siding and the ground. Siding in contact or close to the ground or soil is a serious concern because it can provide direct access for moisture and wood destroying insects. Recommend removing as much mulch/landscaping as reasonably possible to allow a space. Otherwise, recommend monitoring this area for signs of pests, rodents, or water intrusion.
A protrusion through the exterior wall was found to have damaged or missing sealant. Deteriorated or missing sealant could allow water intrusion causing damage to the exterior and interior components of home. Recommend sealing these gaps.
The door sill/trim has missing paint, termite damaged wood, and missing sealant. This could allow water intrusion into the home, further damage to the wood, and damage to the home. Recommend replacing the trim.
The sealant/caulking around the windows is deteriorating. This is common and should be actively maintained throughout the life of the home. Failure to maintain could allow water intrusion into the home causing damage to the structural, exterior, and interior components. Recommend sealing this area on all windows with a flexible, waterproof sealant.
The windows have water staining on the interior window sill/wall. This is fairly common for "exterior-type" sun rooms. Recommend closely monitoring this area, especially during rain storms, for any leaking or active moisture. If active moisture is observed, recommend a qualified contractor to repair.
Satellite dish mounts have penetrated roof coverings which could allow moisture intrusion if not kept sealed. Recommend periodic monitoring to ensure sealant used is in good condition and reapply as needed.
One of the asphalt shingles on the roof of the home is broken or chipped. This could lead to water intrusion which may cause damage to the structure and interior components of the home. Recommend a licensed roofing contractor to repair.
The wire for the satellite dish is resting on the roof surface. This wire is unsecured and could blow around lifting/damaging shingles. Recommend securing the wire to prevent movement and damage.
The gutter downspout drains too close to the home's foundation. This can result in excessive moisture in the soil around the foundation, which can lead to foundation/structural movement and water intrusion into the home. Recommend adding downspout extensions so they drain at least six feet from the foundation.
The average lifespan of a water heater is 8-12 years.
This property has an irrigation system which is beyond the scope of this inspection and thus is excluded from the inspection. Recommend a licensed specialist in irrigation systems to inspect, prior to closing on the home.
A toilet was observed that is leaking at the base. This could result in sewage entering the home and causing damage. Recommend a licensed plumber to repair or replace.
The water heater is beyond the average expected useful life. The heater is about 20 years old and showed normal signs of wear and tear. Recommend monitoring closely and budgeting for replacement in the near future. It may be wise to proactively replace the appliance to prevent water damage in the event of a leak.
Due to the disconnected extension, the sump pump discharges directly next to the foundation. This could result in high levels of moisture in the soil surrounding the foundation which could lead to moisture intrusion into the basement. Recommend reconnecting the extension so the water discharges further from the foundation.
Smoke and/or Carbon Monoxide Detectors were observed but their inspection/operation is excluded from the inspection. Their location, operation, and any batteries should be checked/replaced prior to occupying the home.
The electrical panel had more than one neutral conductor inserted under a single bus bar screw. The bus bar is designed to accept only one conductor per screw. This could lead to electrical system malfunction and creates a fire hazard. Recommend a licensed electrical contractor to repair.
The electrical receptacle was not working at the time of inspection. Recommend a licensed electrical contractor to repair all broken or inoperable receptacles.
The electrical receptacle is damaged and broken. It appears to have had an electrical malfunction. This creates an electrical shock and fire hazard. Recommend a licensed electrical contractor to evaluate and replace.
An interior electrical outlet was observed without GFCI protection. This could lead to an electrical shock. Recommend a licensed electrical contractor to repair/replace.
The average lifespan of a furnace is 15-20 years.
The furnace has a filter inside of the cabinet. This must be changed regularly in order for the unit to function properly and efficiently. Recommend monitoring this filter and changing it every 3 months or per manufacturers recommendations.
The furnace had a humidifier which is beyond the scope of this inspection and thus is excluded from the inspection. Recommend a licensed HVAC contractor to evaluate and repair, as necessary.
The furnace is nearing the end of its useful life. This could lead to increased energy costs and significant maintenance and repair bills. Recommend continuing to monitor and perform routine maintain on the system. Also, recommend budgeting for replacement in the near future.
Several pieces of fiberglass insulation are in contact with the metal B-vent. This is a fire hazard. The manufacturer of the B-vent recommends a 1 inch clearance for all combustible materials. Recommend removing all combustible materials from within 1 inch around the vent and secure all insulation and other combustible materials to prevent this problem from reoccurring.
The average lifespan of an air conditioning system is 10-20 years.
The A/C system was not operated due to low outdoor temperature. Operating the air conditioning unit during cold weather may cause damage the unit. Recommend that a licensed HVAC contractor evaluate, service, and certify the AC system before the next season to ensure optimal function and efficiency.
The suction line attached to the outdoor coil has deteriorated insulation. This could lead to decreased efficiency of the air conditioner and higher cooling costs. Recommend replacing this insulation.
The condenser coil is nearing the end of it's useful life. This could lead to decreased efficiency, higher energy costs, as well as increased maintenance/repair costs. Recommend continued maintenance and annual service by a licensed HVAC contractor. Also, recommend budgeting for replacement in the near future.
The air conditioning coils around the bottom of the condenser unit are dirty and have damaged fins. This could lead to a restricted airflow, decreased efficiency, and increased cooling costs. Recommend a licensed HVAC contractor to service, clean, and repair.
Previous repairs were observed on the ceiling. This may be an area of moisture intrusion or damage that has since been repaired. Recommend monitoring this area for any changes. If changes occur, recommend a licensed contractor to evaluate and complete necessary repairs.
If able, washers and dryers are operated as a courtesy to check for obvious defects. Washers and dryers are beyond the scope of the inspection and therefore, are excluded from the inspection. If they are remaining with the home, recommend inspecting these appliances prior to settlement.
The bathroom exhaust fan vent is disconnected. This can cause moisture from the bathroom to vent into the attic resulting in damage to the wood, insulation and/or mold development. Recommend reconnecting this vent.
A full bathroom was observed with no exhaust fan. This can allow warm moist air to build up during a shower resulting in moisture damage to the bathroom. Recommend a licensed contractor to install an exhaust fan
The door from the garage to the interior of the home is missing a self-closing system. These hinges keep the door closed to help prevent the spread of fire and toxic gases to living space should they occur. Recommend a licensed contractor to install a self-closing system.