Observed areas that appeared to be missing sufficient coverings. Recommend qualified roofing contractor evaluate & repair.
|2.2||Roof Drainage Systems||X||X|
|2.4||Skylights, Chimneys & Other Roof Penetrations||X||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect from ground level or the eaves: A. the roof-covering materials; B. the gutters; C. the downspouts; D. the vents, flashing, skylights, chimney, and other roof penetrations; and E. the general structure of the roof from the readily accessible panels, doors or stairs. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of roof-covering materials. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. observed indications of active roof leaks. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. walk on any roof surface. B. predict the service life expectancy. C. inspect underground downspout diverter drainage pipes. D. remove snow, ice, debris or other conditions that prohibit the observation of the roof surfaces. E. move insulation. F. inspect antennae, satellite dishes, lightning arresters, de-icing equipment, or similar attachments. G. walk on any roof areas that appear, in the inspectors opinion, to be unsafe. H. walk on any roof areas if doing so might, in the inspector's opinion, cause damage. I. perform a water test. J. warrant or certify the roof. K. confirm proper fastening or installation of any roof-covering material.
Observed areas that appeared to be missing sufficient coverings. Recommend qualified roofing contractor evaluate & repair.
Debris has accumulated in the gutters. Recommend cleaning to facilitate water flow.
Here is a DIY resource for cleaning your gutters. This should be part of a homeowners maintenance checklist.
Home was missing downspouts in one or more areas. This can result in excessive moisture in the soil at the foundation, which can lead to foundation/structural movement. Recommend a qualified contractor install downspout extensions that drain at least 6 feet from the foundation.
Gutter not installed correctly. It doesn’t extend to the edge of the roof and appears loose. Also, it is missing a downspout. Recommend repair by a qualified handyman, or gutter contractor.
Roof flashing showed signs of corrosion, but are still in working condition. Flashing should be monitored to prevent severe corrosion leading to moisture intrusion.
Flashings observed to be loose or separated, which can lead to water intrusion and/or mold. Recommend a qualified roofing contractor repair.
Cricket required, chimney wider than 30. A chimney cricket is required if the upper, backside of the chimney is wider than 30", and it runs parallel to the roof ridge line. The height of the cricket depends on the slope of the roof. Crickets are necessary to help shed rain, snow, and debris away from the where the roof meets the chimney. This will help decrease the likelihood of a water leak and reduce roof and chimney deterioration. Here are a couple of articles that might help.
Chimney Cap shows a couple of small cracks. Recommend repair by a qualified professional or handyman.
|3.1||Siding, Flashing & Trim||X||X|
|3.3||Walkways, Patios & Driveways||X||X|
|3.4||Decks, Balconies, Porches & Steps||X|
|3.5||Eaves, Soffits & Fascia||X||X|
|3.6||Vegetation, Grading, Drainage & Retaining Walls||X||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the exterior wall-covering materials, flashing and trim; B. all exterior doors; C. adjacent walkways and driveways; D. stairs, steps, stoops, stairways and ramps; E. porches, patios, decks, balconies and carports; F. railings, guards and handrails; G. the eaves, soffits and fascia; H. a representative number of windows; and I. vegetation, surface drainage, retaining walls and grading of the property, where they may adversely affect the structure due to moisture intrusion. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of exterior wall-covering materials. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any improper spacing between intermediate balusters, spindles and rails. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect or operate screens, storm windows, shutters, awnings, fences, outbuildings, or exterior accent lighting. B. inspect items that are not visible or readily accessible from the ground, including window and door flashing. C. inspect or identify geological, geotechnical, hydrological or soil conditions. D. inspect recreational facilities or playground equipment. E. inspect seawalls, breakwalls or docks. F. inspect erosion-control or earth-stabilization measures. G. inspect for safety-type glass. H. inspect underground utilities. I. inspect underground items. J. inspect wells or springs. K. inspect solar, wind or geothermal systems. L. inspect swimming pools or spas. M. inspect wastewater treatment systems, septic systems or cesspools. N. inspect irrigation or sprinkler systems. O. inspect drainfields or dry wells. P. determine the integrity of multiple-pane window glazing or thermal window seals.
Brick siding showed cracking in one or more places. This is a result of temperature changes, and typical as homes with brick age. Recommend monitoring.
Trim around windows needs repainting.
Door is missing one or more pieces of hardware. Recommend replacing or upgrading.
Driveway cracking observed. Cracking does not seem to be recent. Recommend concrete contractor evaluate and possibly replace.
Significant settling & cracking observed. Further deterioration could result. Recommend concrete contractor evaluate & repair. Also, grading towards structure.
Paint is peeling at one or more areas of the fascia. Recommend repair by a painter or handy-man.
Grading is sloping towards the home in some areas. This could lead to water intrusion and foundation issues. Recommend qualified landscaper or foundation contractor regrade so water flows away from home. THIS IS A MAJOR DEFECT AND NEEDS TO BE TAKEN CARE OF ASAP.
Here is a helpful article discussing negative grading.
Trees observed overhanging the roof. This can cause damage to the roof and prevent proper drainage. Monitor and trim when needed.
Vegetation near exterior wall. This can cause foundation damage, exterior siding damage, and water intrusion. Recommend removal of vegetation.
Keep area sealed under front hose bib where the structure meets the cement walkway. Water runs up against house when turned on. Might consider placing a splash guard under hose bib to prevent this. Would also recommend installing a frost-free hose bib in this location.
|4.1||Service Entrance Conductors||X|
|4.2||Main & Subpanels, Service & Grounding, Main Overcurrent Device||X|
|4.3||Branch Wiring Circuits, Breakers & Fuses||X|
|4.4||Lighting Fixtures, Switches & Receptacles||X||X|
|4.5||GFCI & AFCI||X||X|
|4.7||Carbon Monoxide Detectors||X||X|
Telephone line is hanging low from pole to house. Recommend raising to 10-12 feet over the back patio area.
GFCI Present in Kitchen & Bathrooms - Good.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the service drop; B. the overhead service conductors and attachment point; C. the service head, gooseneck and drip loops; D. the service mast, service conduit and raceway; E. the electric meter and base; F. service-entrance conductors; G. the main service disconnect; H. panelboards and over-current protection devices (circuit breakers and fuses); I. service grounding and bonding; J. a representative number of switches, lighting fixtures and receptacles, including receptacles observed and deemed to be arc-fault circuit interrupter (AFCI)-protected using the AFCI test button, where possible; K. all ground-fault circuit interrupter receptacles and circuit breakers observed and deemed to be GFCIs using a GFCI tester, where possible; and L. smoke and carbon-monoxide detectors. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the main service disconnect's amperage rating, if labeled; and B. the type of wiring observed. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. deficiencies in the integrity of the serviceentrance conductors insulation, drip loop, and vertical clearances from grade and roofs; B. any unused circuit-breaker panel opening that was not filled; C. the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch-circuit wiring, if readily visible; D. any tested receptacle in which power was not present, polarity was incorrect, the cover was not in place, the GFCI devices were not properly installed or did not operate properly, evidence of arcing or excessive heat, and where the receptacle was not grounded or was not secured to the wall; and E. the absence of smoke detectors. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. insert any tool, probe or device into the main panelboard, sub-panels, distribution panelboards, or electrical fixtures. B. operate electrical systems that are shut down. C. remove panelboard cabinet covers or dead fronts. D. operate or re-set over-current protection devices or overload devices. E. operate or test smoke or carbon-monoxide detectors or alarms F. inspect, operate or test any security, fire or alarms systems or components, or other warning or signaling systems. G. measure or determine the amperage or voltage of the main service equipment, if not visibly labeled. H. inspect ancillary wiring or remote-control devices. I. activate any electrical systems or branch circuits that are not energized. J. inspect low-voltage systems, electrical de-icing tapes, swimming pool wiring, or any timecontrolled devices. K. verify the service ground. L. inspect private or emergency electrical supply sources, including, but not limited to: generators, windmills, photovoltaic solar collectors, or battery or electrical storage facility. M. inspect spark or lightning arrestors. N. inspect or test de-icing equipment. O. conduct voltage-drop calculations. P. determine the accuracy of labeling. Q. inspect exterior lighting.
No light present in downstairs family room. Switch is inoperable. This is a safety issue, especially with the stairs in that room. Recommend installing an overhead light ASAP.
No GFCI protection present where recommended. Recommend licensed electrician upgrade by installing ground fault receptacles in garage, laundry, and next to hot water heater.
Here is a link to read about how GFCI receptacles keep you safe.
Upstairs smoke detector not functioning properly. Yellowish color says its older, also. Recommend replacement.
Inspector did not see any carbon monoxide detectors in the home. Install immediately on all floor levels.
|5.2||Vapor Retarders (Crawlspace or Basement)||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. insulation in unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces and foundation areas; B. ventilation of unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces and foundation areas; and C. mechanical exhaust systems in the kitchen, bathrooms and laundry area. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of insulation observed; and B. the approximate average depth of insulation observed at the unfinished attic floor area or roof structure. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. the general absence of insulation or ventilation in unfinished spaces. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. enter the attic or any unfinished spaces that are not readily accessible, or where entry could cause damage or, in the inspector's opinion, pose a safety hazard. B. move, touch or disturb insulation. C. move, touch or disturb vapor retarders. D. break or otherwise damage the surface finish or weather seal on or around access panels or covers. E. identify the composition or R-value of insulation material. F. activate thermostatically operated fans. G. determine the types of materials used in insulation or wrapping of pipes, ducts, jackets, boilers or wiring. H. determine the adequacy of ventilation.
No exhaust vent in downstairs bathroom/laundry room. There is a window in this room, this will help. Would still consider installing one, especially with the washer/dryer. Moisture could build up in this room, leading to possible mold.
No exhaust vent in the master bathroom. Recommend installing one. There is a window in this room, so this will help. Exhaust vents help eliminate moisture from bathrooms. Otherwise, moisture can build up, leading to possible mold.
|6.2||Basements & Crawlspaces||X||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the foundation; B. the basement; C. the crawlspace; and D. structural components. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of foundation; and B. the location of the access to the under-floor space. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. observed indications of wood in contact with or near soil; B. observed indications of active water penetration; C. observed indications of possible foundation movement, such as sheetrock cracks, brick cracks, out-of-square door frames, and unlevel floors; and D. any observed cutting, notching and boring of framing members that may, in the inspector's opinion, present a structural or safety concern. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. enter any crawlspace that is not readily accessible, or where entry could cause damage or pose a hazard to him/herself. B. move stored items or debris. C. operate sump pumps with inaccessible floats. D. identify the size, spacing, span or location or determine the adequacy of foundation bolting, bracing, joists, joist spans or support systems. E. provide any engineering or architectural service. F. report on the adequacy of any structural system or component.
Minor cracking was noted at the foundation. This is common as concrete ages and shrinkage surface cracks are normal. Recommend monitoring for more serious shifting/displacement.
Here is an informational article on foundation cracks.
Efflorescence noted on the crawlspace surface. This a white, powdery deposit that is consistent with moisture intrusion. This can compromise the soil's ability to support the home structure and/or lead to mold growth. Recommend a qualified contractor identify source or moisture and correct. Note: This could be, in part, a result of the poor grading in the back and front of the house.
|7.2||Normal Operating Controls||X|
|7.4||Presence of Installed Heat Source in Each Room||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the heating system, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the location of the thermostat for the heating system; B. the energy source; and C. the heating method. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any heating system that did not operate; and B. if the heating system was deemed inaccessible. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect or evaluate the interior of flues or chimneys, fire chambers, heat exchangers, combustion air systems, fresh-air intakes, humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters, geothermal systems, or solar heating systems. B. inspect fuel tanks or underground or concealed fuel supply systems. C. determine the uniformity, temperature, flow, balance, distribution, size, capacity, BTU, or supply adequacy of the heating system. D. light or ignite pilot flames. E. activate heating, heat pump systems, or other heating systems when ambient temperatures or other circumstances are not conducive to safe operation or may damage the equipment. F. override electronic thermostats. G. evaluate fuel quality. H. verify thermostat calibration, heat anticipation, or automatic setbacks, timers, programs or clocks.
Furnace should be cleaned and serviced annually. Recommend a qualified HVAC contractor clean, service and certify furnace.
Here is a resource on the importance of furnace maintenance.
Furnace door was removed. Recommend replacing.
|8.2||Normal Operating Controls||X|
|8.4||Presence of Installed Cooling Source in Each Room||X|
Settings on arrival and exit. A/C was on when inspector arrived.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the cooling system, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the location of the thermostat for the cooling system; and B. the cooling method. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any cooling system that did not operate; and B. if the cooling system was deemed inaccessible. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. determine the uniformity, temperature, flow, balance, distribution, size, capacity, BTU, or supply adequacy of the cooling system. B. inspect portable window units, through-wall units, or electronic air filters. C. operate equipment or systems if the exterior temperature is below 65 Fahrenheit, or when other circumstances are not conducive to safe operation or may damage the equipment. D. inspect or determine thermostat calibration, cooling anticipation, or automatic setbacks or clocks. E. examine electrical current, coolant fluids or gases, or coolant leakage.
|9.1||Main Water Shut-off Device||X|
|9.2||Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems||X|
|9.3||Water Supply, Distribution Systems & Fixtures||X||X|
|9.4||Hot Water Systems, Controls, Flues & Vents||X||X|
|9.5||Fuel Storage & Distribution Systems||X|
I recommend flushing & servicing your water heater tank annually for optimal performance. Water temperature should be set to at least 120 degrees F to kill microbes and no higher than 130 degrees F to prevent scalding.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the main water supply shut-off valve; B. the main fuel supply shut-off valve; C. the water heating equipment, including the energy source, venting connections, temperature/pressure-relief (TPR) valves, Watts 210 valves, and seismic bracing; D. interior water supply, including all fixtures and faucets, by running the water; E. all toilets for proper operation by flushing; F. all sinks, tubs and showers for functional drainage; G. the drain, waste and vent system; and H. drainage sump pumps with accessible floats. II. The inspector shall describe: A. whether the water supply is public or private based upon observed evidence; B. the location of the main water supply shut-off valve; C. the location of the main fuel supply shut-off valve; D. the location of any observed fuel-storage system; and E. the capacity of the water heating equipment, if labeled. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. deficiencies in the water supply by viewing the functional flow in two fixtures operated simultaneously; B. deficiencies in the installation of hot and cold water faucets; C. mechanical drain stops that were missing or did not operate if installed in sinks, lavatories and tubs; and D. toilets that were damaged, had loose connections to the floor, were leaking, or had tank components that did not operate. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. light or ignite pilot flames. B. measure the capacity, temperature, age, life expectancy or adequacy of the water heater. C. inspect the interior of flues or chimneys, combustion air systems, water softener or filtering systems, well pumps or tanks, safety or shut-off valves, floor drains, lawn sprinkler systems, or fire sprinkler systems. D. determine the exact flow rate, volume, pressure, temperature or adequacy of the water supply. E. determine the water quality, potability or reliability of the water supply or source. F. open sealed plumbing access panels. G. inspect clothes washing machines or their connections. H. operate any valve. I. test shower pans, tub and shower surrounds or enclosures for leakage or functional overflow protection. J. evaluate the compliance with conservation, energy or building standards, or the proper design or sizing of any water, waste or venting components, fixtures or piping. K. determine the effectiveness of anti-siphon, backflow prevention or drain-stop devices. L. determine whether there are sufficient cleanouts for effective cleaning of drains. M. evaluate fuel storage tanks or supply systems. N. inspect wastewater treatment systems. O. inspect water treatment systems or water filters. P. inspect water storage tanks, pressure pumps, or bladder tanks. Q. evaluate wait time to obtain hot water at fixtures, or perform testing of any kind to water heater elements. R. evaluate or determine the adequacy of combustion air. S. test, operate, open or close: safety controls, manual stop valves, temperature/pressure-relief valves, control valves, or check valves. T. examine ancillary or auxiliary systems or components, such as, but not limited to, those related to solar water heating and hot water circulation. U. determine the existence or condition of polybutylene plumbing. V. inspect or test for gas or fuel leaks, or indications thereof.
Toilet is loose in downstairs bathroom/laundry. Recommend repairing ASAP.
Upstairs bathroom faucet is leaking. Recommend replacing fixture.
Upstairs toilet has connection bolts that appear to be rusting. Recommend replacing.
Sink stopper in master bathroom sink is broken. Recommend replacing.
TPR Valve not extended - TPR Valve on top of water heater needs to be extended down to within 6" of floor. This is a safety issue and needs to be addressed ASAP. Here is an article about TPR Valves:
|10.1||Vents, Flues & Chimneys||X||X|
|10.4||Cleanout Doors & Frames||X|
Items blocking fireplace access
I. The inspector shall inspect:
readily accessible and visible portions of the fireplaces and chimneys;
lintels above the fireplace openings;
damper doors by opening and closing them, if readily accessible and manually operable; and
cleanout doors and frames.
II. The inspector shall describe:
the type of fireplace.
III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction:
evidence of joint separation, damage or deterioration of the hearth, hearth extension or chambers;
manually operated dampers that did not open and close;
the lack of a smoke detector in the same room as the fireplace;
the lack of a carbon-monoxide detector in the same room as the fireplace; and
cleanouts not made of metal, pre-cast cement, or other non-combustible material.
IV. The inspector is not required to:
inspect the flue or vent system.
inspect the interior of chimneys or flues, fire doors or screens, seals or gaskets, or mantels.
determine the need for a chimney sweep.
operate gas fireplace inserts.
light pilot flames.
determine the appropriateness of any installation.
inspect automatic fuel-fed devices.
inspect combustion and/or make-up air devices.
inspect heat-distribution assists, whether gravity-controlled or fan-assisted.
ignite or extinguish fires.
determine the adequacy of drafts or draft characteristics.
move fireplace inserts, stoves or firebox contents.
perform a smoke test.
dismantle or remove any component.
perform a National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)-style inspection.
perform a Phase I fireplace and chimney inspection.
Recommend cleaning before next use. Maintenance.
|11.6||Steps, Stairways & Railings||X||X|
|11.7||Countertops & Cabinets||X|
Items blocking visual access to walls.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. a representative number of doors and windows by opening and closing them; B. floors, walls and ceilings; C. stairs, steps, landings, stairways and ramps; D. railings, guards and handrails; and E. garage vehicle doors and the operation of garage vehicle door openers, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. a garage vehicle door as manually-operated or installed with a garage door opener. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. improper spacing between intermediate balusters, spindles and rails for steps, stairways, guards and railings; B. photo-electric safety sensors that did not operate properly; and C. any window that was obviously fogged or displayed other evidence of broken seals. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect paint, wallpaper, window treatments or finish treatments. B. inspect floor coverings or carpeting. C. inspect central vacuum systems. D. inspect for safety glazing. E. inspect security systems or components. F. evaluate the fastening of islands, countertops, cabinets, sink tops or fixtures. G. move furniture, stored items, or any coverings, such as carpets or rugs, in order to inspect the concealed floor structure. H. move suspended-ceiling tiles. I. inspect or move any household appliances. J. inspect or operate equipment housed in the garage, except as otherwise noted. K. verify or certify the proper operation of any pressure-activated auto-reverse or related safety feature of a garage door. L. operate or evaluate any security bar release and opening mechanisms, whether interior or exterior, including their compliance with local, state or federal standards. M. operate any system, appliance or component that requires the use of special keys, codes, combinations or devices. N. operate or evaluate self-cleaning oven cycles, tilt guards/latches, or signal lights. O. inspect microwave ovens or test leakage from microwave ovens. P. operate or examine any sauna, steamgenerating equipment, kiln, toaster, ice maker, coffee maker, can opener, bread warmer, blender, instant hot-water dispenser, or other small, ancillary appliances or devices. Q. inspect elevators. R. inspect remote controls. S. inspect appliances. T. inspect items not permanently installed. U. discover firewall compromises. V. inspect pools, spas or fountains. W. determine the adequacy of whirlpool or spa jets, water force, or bubble effects. X. determine the structural integrity or leakage of pools or spas.
Kitchen window has a damaged lock. Recommend repair by handyman or DIY.
Sub-standard drywall patching observed at time of inspection. These look to be mainly old nail holes that weren't patched very well. Just information purposes for client.
Previous ceiling repairs. FYI - Recommend monitoring.
The baluster space is not up to modern safety standards. The space between balusters should not allow passage of a 4 3/8-inch sphere for child safety. Recommend a qualified handyman or original installer repair and bring up to code.
|13.3||Walls & Firewalls||X|
|13.5||Garage Door Opener||X||X|
|13.6||Occupant Door (From garage to inside of home)||X||X|
Garage has visual limitations due to household items and boxes
Cracking visible in the garage floor. Probably due to settling over the life of the home. Recommend monitoring.
Garage door springs were broken and in need of replacement. Recommend a qualified garage contractor replace.
Garage door opener not functioning properly, due, in part, to garage door not installed properly. Recommend further evaluation and repair by a qualified professional.
Door separating garage and home does not meet safety standards. Doors in firewalls must be at least 1 3/8-inch thick, metal/steel, or a 20-minute fire-rated door. Recommend installing a new door in this area that meets fire safety standards.
Door from garage to home should have self-closing hinges to help prevent spread of a fire to living space. Recommend a qualified contractor or handyman install self-closing hinges.