Inspection Date: 10 September 2019
Thank you for choosing Home Inspection Ltd to inspect your new home. Please read your entire Inspection Report carefully. This report is based on an inspection of the visible portion of the structure at the time of the inspection with a focus on safety and function.
MINOR CONCERN / Maintenance
MARGINAL CONCERN / Recommendations
MAJOR CONCERN / Safety Hazards
These categorizations are in our professional judgement and based on what we observed at the time of inspection. This categorization should not be construed as to mean that items designated as "Minor defects" or "Marginal Defects" do not need repairs or replacement. The recommendations in each comment is more important than its categorization.
Inspection Date: 10 September 2019
|2.1||As Built Drawings|
|2.2||Ceiling Colour References|
|2.4||Practical Completion Certificate|
|2.7||List of Keys|
|2.8||Operation & Maintenance Manuals|
|2.9||Wall Colour References|
|2.11||Warranty for Appliances|
The Boundary Wall material was _concrete_. It is a wall constructed on the land of one owner. The boundary will normally run along the centre line of the wall.
The Automated Gate to the property was visually and functionally inspected with No Defects present. The following Gate elements were checked.
The boundary wall exhibited moderate damage or deterioration at the time of the inspection. Causes of these cracks in concrete walls can be due to thermal movement of the wall causing settlement and subsidence. The expansive soil, when used either as a foundation material or construction material gives rise to many problems in the form of damages to structure. The various damages caused to the boundary walls are mainly due to differential heaving and shrinkage of the foundation soil. The inspector recommends repair by a qualified contractor.
Landscape irrigation sprinklers were installed in a manner that causes irrigation water to seep into the soil at the foundation. This condition can result in foundation damage. The Inspector recommends to have the sprinkler moved further away from the foundation.
The exterior wall covering had vegetation growing against it which will accelerate deterioration of the siding by holding moisture against the wall, which promotes decay. The Inspector recommends that vegetation be cut back.
|4.2||Driveway - Compaction|
|4.3||Driveway - Cracking|
|4.4||Driveway - Drainage|
|4.5||Driveway - Heaving - Settling of Soil|
|4.6||Driveway - Seal Joint|
|4.7||Driveway - Surface|
|4.8||Driveway - Tree Roots|
|4.9||Driveway - Trip Hazard|
|4.11||Walkway - Cracks|
|4.12||Walkway - Heaving & Settling of Soil|
|4.13||Walkway - Seal Joint|
|4.14||Walkway - Trip Hazard|
|4.16||Exterior Door - Deadbolts|
|4.17||Exterior Door - Doorstop|
|4.18||Exterior Door - Hardware|
|4.19||Exterior Door - Operation|
|4.20||Exterior Door - Paintwork|
|4.21||Exterior Door - Sweeps|
|4.22||Exterior Door - Trim & Frame|
|4.24||Exterior Window - Panes|
|4.25||Exterior Window - Sill|
|4.26||Exterior Window - Trim|
The driveway was inspected with Few Defects observed. Notable defects listed in the report.
The walkway was inspected for Heaving / Soil Settlement with Few Defects present. Observed Defected noted in the report.
The Exterior door Head Flashing was inspected with No Defects present. The following door Head Flashing Elements were checked.
Correct Head Flashing Installed, Adequate Sealant, No Threshold Damage.
The Back Exterior door was visually and functionally inspected with Few Defects present. Notable defects listed in the report.
The driveway surface was rough with exposed stones and ruts. Crushed Coral layer needs to be topped up. Recommend contacting your local excavation contractors to discuss options and costs for driveway improvement. crushed coral
Trip hazards in the driveway appeared to be the result of heaving or settling of underlying soil. This condition is typically corrected by grinding off protruding areas, or by removing and replacing affected driveway sections. Visible rock / stone is being exposed. Any such work should be performed by a qualified contractor.
One or more areas showed signs of ground erosion and/or soil consolidation which can weaken poured concrete surfaces eventually leading to cracking. Soil consolidation is a natural process that occurs over many years when the soil is placed loose. Recommend monitor for further erosion and repair as needed.
Trip hazards in the walkways appeared to be the result of heaving or settling of underlying soil. The walkway was compiled of numerous 60cm x 60cm cement slabs with a spacing of approximately 5cm between them. The majority of the slabs were noted to be raised due to the disbursement of the surrounding crushed coral ground covering, making them potential trip hazards. This condition is typically corrected by grinding off protruding areas, or by removing and replacing affected walkway sections, or topping up with surrounding crushed coral ground covering. Exposed ground sheeting also needs to be re-covered by topped up crushed coral ground covering. Any such work should be performed by a qualified contractor.
Exterior door does not fit flush in door frame and rattled when closed. Would benefit from having the strike plate trim tabs adjusted.
The Threshold of the exterior door was damaged or deteriorated. Door sweep starting to pull off from the door. The Inspector recommends correction by a qualified contractor.
Entrance leading through the doorway is raised higher than normal posing a potential trip hazard, particularly for children and for the elderly.
The Exterior door had fading wood varnish and requires maintenance. Door may eventually operate poorly if left exposed to moisture. The Inspector recommends maintenance be performed by a qualified contractor.
No Exterior door sweep installed. A sweep is a rubber strip that attaches to the bottom of a door to seal the gap between the bottom of the door and the threshold. Missing sweeps should be replaced to help prevent moisture and pest intrusion and air / heat leakage that will increase heating/cooling costs and reduce home comfort. The rubber sweep in the photo below has been replaced with a wooden one which isn’t practical. The Inspector recommends that sweeps be installed on all doors to the exterior by a qualified contractor.
|5.1||Exterior Wall - Brick|
|5.2||Exterior Wall - Cracking|
|5.3||Exterior Wall - Damage|
|5.4||Exterior Wall - Deterioration|
|5.5||Exterior Wall - Efflorescence|
|5.6||Exterior Wall - Lintels & Ledges|
|5.7||Exterior Wall - Spalling|
|5.8||Exterior Wall - Thermal Cracking|
|5.9||Exterior Wall - Siding - Artificial Stone Veneer|
|5.10||Exterior Wall - Siding - Wood|
The Exterior wall Lintels and Ledges were visually inspected for Damage with cosmetic Defects present on Window ledge. Notable defects: Ledge had a small hole and some paint splashes present.
The Exterior wall had cracking visible above the door entrance indicating a degree of structural failure. This condition should be repaired by a qualified masonry contractor before it becomes more serious.
The Exterior wall cladding had severe general surface deterioration that appeared to be the result of long term weathering. Although this condition has a significant effect on appearance, it is a cosmetic concern, not a structural problem, but should get remedied to avoid further damage. The cause of these moisture markings could be from the result of a poor roof drainage system, forcing accumulated rain water to cascade vertically down the side of the property. Root cause needs to be determined and a Qualified Professional to be contacted for suitable remedial.
|6.1||Electrical - Lighting - Exterior|
|6.2||Electrical - Supply - Electric Meter|
|6.3||Electrical - Switch - Exterior|
|6.4||Electrical - Wiring - Exterior|
|6.5||Electrical - Supply - Service Drop|
|6.6||Electrical - Supply - Service Panel|
|6.7||Electrical - Supply - Service Panel - Circuit Directory Label|
|6.8||Electrical - Supply - Service Panel - Dead Front Cover|
|6.9||Electrical - Supply - Service Panel - Exposure Type|
|6.10||Electrical - Supply - Service Panel - Interior|
|6.11||Electrical - Supply - Service Panel - Main Disconnect|
|6.12||Electrical - Supply - Service Panel - Over Current Protection Device|
|6.13||Electrical - Supply - Service Panel - Wiring|
Substandard wiring practices were found (e.g. exposed sheathed wiring, exposed splices, improperly installed lighting / receptacles etc.) Recommend repairs be made by a qualified licensed electrical contractor
The inspector was unable to determine what device / light fixture is to be controlled by a switch mounted in the garage. One of the two switches in the panel was not present leaving a visible hole. Inspector advises to have it traced by a qualified electrical contractor to ensure that safe conditions exist and to have the hole replaced / filled.
Branch wiring observed at the home exterior was wrapped in a type of installation tape (inappropriate DIY measure) and electrical wiring was not protected with cable covers. The Inspector recommends that any such improper wiring be replaced with proper wiring / protective covering by a qualified electrical contractor to help ensure that safe conditions exist.
|7.1||Plumbing - Main Water Shut Off|
|7.2||Plumbing - Water Quality|
|7.3||Plumbing - Water Supply|
|7.4||Plumbing - Water Supply Distribution Pipe|
|8.1||HVAC - System|
|8.2||HVAC - Airflow Restriction|
The Brand of the Air Conditioner Unit is _McQuay__. This was consistent throughout the property.
Exterior Unit Manufacture Year was 2010. The typical life expectancy of exterior units are approximately 13-15 years.
Your Air conditioner may be perfectly good at cooling the air, but that doesn't mean much if it can't circulate theairthrough your home. In centralized systems, cool air is distributed through your ductwork via a fan to all the corners of your home. But when the airflow is restricted, that can't happen.
The pipe insulation on the unit was damaged and perishing from exterior weather conditions. Replacement of the insulation as needed is recommended by a qualified person.
Airflow to the air conditioner compressor unit coils was restricted by dirt and / or debris on the exterior which may limit the system ability to dissipate heat. The cabinet should be cleaned in order to maintain cooling system efficiency and avoid problems from overheating of the compressor.
|9.1||Roof - General|
|9.2||Roof - Coverings|
|9.3||Roof - Flashing|
|9.4||Roof - Flashing - Electrical Mast|
|9.5||Roof - Flashing - Headwall|
|9.6||Roof - Flashing - Kickout|
|9.7||Roof - Flashing - Roof Edge|
|9.8||Roof - Flashing - Sidewall|
|9.9||Roof - Flashing - Evaporative Cooler / Air Conditioner|
|9.10||Roof - Flashing - Transition|
|9.11||Roof - Flashing - Valley|
|9.12||Roof - Underlayment|
|9.13||Roof - Corner Trim|
|9.14||Roof - Fascia|
|9.15||Roof - Gable - Rake Trim|
|9.16||Roof - Soffits|
|9.17||Roof - Soffits - Staining|
Inspection of the roof structure from the exterior typically includes:(1) The general roof structure appearance(2) Roof-covering material condition(3) Flashing protecting roof-covering material penetrations, changes in roof-covering materials, and transitions where roof slopes change(4) Condition of combustion, plumbing and attic ventilation vents and devices(5) Chimney conditions(6) Roof drainage systems and components.
At the time of inspection the roof material seemed to be in good condition. I recommend monitoring for future damage and or leakage. Any defects will be listed separately in the report.
The home had older, architectural Fascia that needed maintenance. If deterioration is allowed to continue the fascia will need to be totally replaced. Replacement with similar fascia will be expensive. The inspector recommends maintenance by a qualified contractor.
The fascia was visually inspected with many Defects Present. Notable defects listed in the report.
Though mostly functional at the time of the inspection the roof shows signs of aging. Wallaba (Dense tropical hardwood) Wooden Roof shingles were discolored, which can be caused by moisture, rust or soot. Recommend a qualified roofing contractor to evaluate and remedy with roof cleaning or repair where necessary. Recommend further evaluation and likely replacement in the near future.
Trim around the Fascia needed maintenance as paint is peeling. All work should be performed by a qualified contractor.
|10.2||Sliding Door - Operation|
|10.3||Sliding Door - Seals|
|10.4||Sliding Door - Trim|
The Sliding Door was located at __Patio Entertainment area___.
Patio Entertainment area had visual microbial growth noted. Most of the possible visible growth was found on the exterior ledge of the sliding door leading off the Patio Entertainment area on right side of the home.
Not all Microbial Growths found in homes are dangerous to humans and pets, some are innocuous and can be DIY cleaned. However, some indoor Microbial Growths can be dangerous to health and must be dealt with by professionals. Recommend further evaluation and remediation.
|11.1||Roof Drainage - Systems|
|11.2||Roof Drainage - Gutter|
|11.3||Roof Drainage - Downspouts|
|11.4||Flat Roof - Drainage|
|11.5||Flat Roof - Scuppers|
|11.6||Flat Roof - Sediment|
|11.7||Flat Roof - Water Pooling|
|12.1||Stairs - General|
|12.2||Stairs - Guardrail|
|12.3||Stairs - Handrail|
|12.4||Stairs - Riser|
|12.5||Stairs - Illumination|
|12.6||Stairs - Landing|
|12.7||Stairs - Spiral|
|12.8||Stairs - Treads|
|12.9||Stairs - Walkway Guardrail|
Staircase Handrails were not present / available to be inspected. Notable defects listed in the report.
No hand rail present on the stair landing. Recommend to have a Qualified Professional install one.
|13.2||Interior Door - Deadbolts|
|13.3||Interior Door - Doorstop|
|13.4||Interior Door - Hardware|
|13.5||Interior Door - Operation|
|13.6||Interior Door - Paintwork|
|13.7||Interior Door - Trim & Frame|
|13.9||Interior Wall - Cracking - Diagonal|
|13.10||Interior Wall - Cracking - Plaster|
|13.11||Interior Wall - Moisture|
|13.12||Interior Wall - Staining|
|13.13||Interior Wall - Paintwork|
|13.15||Interior Window - Operation|
|13.16||Interior Window - Seals|
|13.17||Interior Window - Sill|
|13.18||Interior Window - Stains|
|13.19||Interior Window - Weather Stripping|
|13.21||Interior Floor - Carpet|
|13.22||Interior Floor - Tile|
|13.23||Interior Floor - Wood|
|13.24||Interior - Ceilings|
|13.25||Interior - Cupboard|
|13.26||Interior - Cupboard - Door|
|13.27||Interior - Cupboard - Drawer|
|13.28||Electrical Lighting - Interior|
|13.29||Electrical Receptacle - Interior|
|13.30||Electrical - Switch|
|13.31||Electrical - Wiring|
|13.32||AC - Disconnect Panel|
|13.33||AC - Compressor Unit - Disconnect Panel|
|13.34||AC - Temperature Split|
|13.35||AC - Compressor Unit - Cool Air|
A Ceiling fan is a mechanical fan, usually electrically powered, suspended from the ceiling of a room, that uses hub-mounted rotating paddles to circulate air.
The Interior Cupboard had Moderate damage visible at the time of the inspection. Signs of minor rotten wood trim. Recommend patching and painting or covering with maintenance free material. You may wish to consult with a qualified contractor to discuss options and costs for repair.
|14.2||Interior Door - Deadbolts|
|14.3||Interior Door - Doorstop|
|14.4||Interior Door - Hardware|
|14.5||Interior Door - Operation|
|14.6||Interior Door - Paintwork|
|14.7||Interior Door - Trim & Frame|
|14.9||Interior Wall - Cracking - Diagonal|
|14.10||Interior Wall - Cracking - Plaster|
|14.11||Interior Wall - Moisture|
|14.12||Interior Wall - Staining|
|14.13||Interior Wall - Paintwork|
|14.15||Interior Window - Operation|
|14.16||Interior Window - Seals|
|14.17||Interior Window - Sill|
|14.18||Interior Window - Stains|
|14.19||Interior Window - Weather Stripping|
|14.21||Interior Floor - Tile|
|14.22||Interior Floor - Wood|
|14.23||Interior - Ceilings|
|14.24||Interior - Cupboard|
|14.25||Interior - Cupboard - Door|
|14.26||Interior - Cupboard - Drawer|
|14.27||Electrical Lighting - Interior|
|14.28||Electrical Receptacle - Interior|
|14.29||Electrical - Switch|
|14.30||Electrical - Wiring|
|14.32||Bathroom - Basin|
|14.33||Bathroom - Bath|
|14.34||Bathroom - Bath - Water Jets|
|14.35||Bathroom - Faucet|
|14.36||Bathroom - Faucet - Aerator|
|14.37||Bathroom - Fixed Wall Mirror|
|14.38||Bathroom - Shower|
|14.39||Bathroom - Toilet|
|14.40||Bathroom - Ventilation|
|14.41||Cupboard - Under Basin - Floor Surface|
|14.42||Cupboard - Under Basin - Moisture & Mould Intrusion|
|14.43||Cupboard - Under Basin - Plumbing -Trap|
|14.44||Cupboard - Under Basin - Plumbing - Water Shut Off Valve|
|14.45||Cupboard - Under Basin - Plumbing - Water Supply Pipe|
The Interior Wall was visually inspected for Moisture with Few Defects present. Notable defects listed in the report.
The Interior Wall was visually inspected for signs of Moisture with notable defects present. Observed paint peeling on the lower portion of the wall where the wall and the floor tiles meet.
There is no Interior Wall Primer application evident with the finish coat being absorbed into the Interior wall surface therefore not leaving a smooth and consistent surface colour. Primer helps prepare, seal, and protect the surface you're about to paint, leading to aesthetically pleasing interior walls. Wall primer also blocks moisture from entering the wall structure.
The Interior Cupboard door is not aligned correctly. Gap becomes wider near the lower portion of the cupboard creating an opening.
The Bathroom faucet Leaked when the tap was were closed. Faucet was consistently dripping which wastes water. This typically indicates that a valve stem seals needs to be replaced. . Recommend repair or replace. The Inspector recommends service by a qualified plumbing contractor.
The Moisture Meter and Thermal Camera detected moisture behind the paint / plaster on the cement wall, indicating failure of a grout line or caulking. The Inspector recommends correction by a qualified contractor to avoid damage to the wall structure from decay, and the loss of plaster to the wall.
The toilet seat was not secured properly to the bowl connection point. Seal replacement and tightening needed.
|15.2||Interior Door - Deadbolts|
|15.3||Interior Door - Doorstop|
|15.4||Interior Door - Hardware|
|15.5||Interior Door - Operation|
|15.6||Interior Door - Paintwork|
|15.7||Interior Door - Trim & Frame|
|15.9||Interior Wall - Cracking - Diagonal|
|15.10||Interior Wall - Cracking - Plaster|
|15.11||Interior Wall - Moisture|
|15.12||Interior Wall - Staining|
|15.13||Interior Wall - Paintwork|
|15.15||Interior Window - Operation|
|15.16||Interior Window - Seals|
|15.17||Interior Window - Sill|
|15.18||Interior Window - Stains|
|15.19||Interior Window - Weather Stripping|
|15.21||Interior Floor - Tile|
|15.22||Interior Floor - Wood|
|15.23||Interior - Ceilings|
|15.24||Interior - Cupboard|
|15.25||Interior - Cupboard - Door|
|15.26||Interior - Cupboard - Drawer|
|15.27||Electrical Lighting - Interior|
|15.28||Electrical Receptacle - Interior|
|15.29||Electrical - Switch|
|15.30||Electrical - Wiring|
|15.31||AC - Disconnect Panel|
|15.32||AC - Compressor Unit - Disconnect Panel|
|15.33||AC - Temperature Split|
|15.34||AC - Compressor Unit - Cool Air|
|15.37||Kitchen - Basin|
|15.38||Kitchen - Faucet|
|15.39||Cupboard - Under Basin - Floor Surface|
|15.40||Cupboard - Under Basin - Moisture & Mould Intrusion|
|15.41||Cupboard - Under Basin - Plumbing -Trap|
|15.42||Cupboard - Under Basin - Plumbing - Water Shut Off Valve|
|15.43||Cupboard - Under Basin - Plumbing - Water Supply Pipe|
|15.45||Cooktop - Electric|
|15.46||Cooktop - Gas|
A ceiling is an overhead interior surface that covers the upper limits of a room. Ceilings are often used to hide floor and roof construction.
The Ceiling material used in the property is _____.
A Ceiling fan is a mechanical fan, usually electrically powered, suspended from the ceiling of a room, that uses hub-mounted rotating paddles to circulate air.
One or more of the windows showed signs of moisture damage; not all areas may be shown. Damage is likely caused by condensation and possible from poor sealing from windows. Recommend correction by either repairing windows or replacing. During winter months it's important to monitor condensation and clean windows regularly. These Kitchen window sills had peeling paint and needed maintenance. The Inspector recommends service by a qualified painting contractor.
No detector was installed. The Inspector recommends that a detector be installed in order to warn occupants of a potential smoke or fire threat.
During operation the dishwasher leaked water onto the floor. The Inspector recommends service by a qualified contractor or technician. At the time of inspection the dishwasher was leaking when the cycle was run. I observed an active water leak beneath the 1st floor ceiling panel that could be related to the leaking dishwasher. Moisture damage can progress quickly and cause significant damage. I recommend a qualified professional evaluate and repair the leak.
|16.2||Interior Door - Deadbolts|
|16.3||Interior Door - Doorstop|
|16.4||Interior Door - Hardware|
|16.5||Interior Door - Operation|
|16.6||Interior Door - Paintwork|
|16.7||Interior Door - Trim & Frame|
|16.9||Interior Wall - Cracking - Diagonal|
|16.10||Interior Wall - Cracking - Plaster|
|16.11||Interior Wall - Moisture|
|16.12||Interior Wall - Staining|
|16.13||Interior Wall - Paintwork|
|16.15||Interior Window - Operation|
|16.16||Interior Window - Seals|
|16.17||Interior Window - Sill|
|16.18||Interior Window - Stains|
|16.19||Interior Window - Weather Stripping|
|16.21||Interior Floor - Carpet|
|16.22||Interior Floor - Tile|
|16.23||Interior Floor - Wood|
|16.24||Interior - Ceilings|
|16.25||Interior - Cupboard|
|16.26||Interior - Cupboard - Door|
|16.27||Interior - Cupboard - Drawer|
|16.28||Electrical Lighting - Interior|
|16.29||Electrical Receptacle - Interior|
|16.30||Electrical - Switch|
|16.31||Electrical - Wiring|
|16.32||AC - Disconnect Panel|
|16.33||AC - Compressor Unit - Disconnect Panel|
|16.34||AC - Temperature Split|
|16.35||AC - Compressor Unit - Cool Air|
The most common cause of both rising and penetrating damp is inadequate ground and surface drainage. Excess water from downspouts, runoff or saturated ground can easily penetrate even the tiniest cracks in your foundation, or wick through porous walls. Inspector recommends having a qualified professional evaluate whether proper insulation has been installed and to carry out the necessary repair work.
Lock mechanisms on one or more windows were loose, damaged, inoperable and/or difficult to operate. This can pose a security risk. Recommend that a qualified person repair as necessary.