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1234 Main St.
Warrior AL 35180
02/15/2019 9:00AM

Sample agent
agent

Agent Name

Agency Name
37
Minor/maintenance item
16
Marginal
4
Major

Property Orientation
For the sake of this inspection the front of the home will be considered as the portion pictured in the cover photo. References to the left or right of the home should be construed as standing in the front yard, viewing the front of the home.

Overview
HomeScan Home Inspection Services, LLC, strives to perform all inspections in substantial compliance with the Standards of Practice as set forth by the International Association of Certified Home Inspectors (http://www.nachi.org/sop.htm). As such, I inspect the readily accessible, visually observable, installed systems and components of the home as designated in these Standards of Practice. When systems or components designated in the Standards of Practice were present but were not inspected, the reason(s) the item was not inspected will be stated. This inspection is neither technically exhaustive or quantitative.

This report contains observations of those systems and components that, in my professional judgement, were not functioning properly, significantly deficient, or unsafe. All items in this report that were designated for repair, replacement, maintenance, or further evaluation should be investigated by qualified tradespeople within the clients contingency period or prior to closing, which is contract applicable, to determine a total cost of said repairs and to learn of any additional problems that may be present during these evaluations that were not visible during a "visual only" Home Inspection.

This inspection will not reveal every concern or issue that may be present, but only those significant defects that were visible at the time of inspection. This inspection can not predict future conditions, or determine if latent or concealed defects are present. The statements made in this report reflect the conditions as existing at the time of Inspection only, and expire at the completion of the inspection. Weather conditions and other changes in conditions may reveal problems that were not present at the time of inspection; including roof leaks, or water infiltration into crawl spaces or basements. This report is only supplemental to the Sellers Disclosure and Pest (WDI) Inspection Report. Refer to the InterNACHI Standards of Practice (linked to above), and the Inspection agreement regarding the scope and limitations of this inspection.

This inspection is NOT intended to be considered as a GUARANTEE OR WARRANTY, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, REGARDING THE CONDITIONS OF THE PROPERTY, INCLUDING THE ITEMS AND SYSTEMS INSPECTED, AND IT SHOULD NOT BE RELIED ON AS SUCH. This inspection report should be used alongside the sellers disclosure, pest inspection (WDI) report, and quotes and advice from the tradespeople recommended in this report to gain a better understanding of the condition of the home. Some risk is always involved when purchasing a property and unexpected repairs should be anticipated, as this is unfortunately, a part of home ownership. One Year Home Warranties are sometimes provided by the sellers, and are highly recommended as they will cover future repairs on major items and components of the home. If a warranty is not being provided by the seller(s), your Realtor can advise you of companies who offer them.

Notice to Third Parties
Notice to Third Parties: This report is the property of HomeScan Home Inspection Services, LLC and is Copyrighted as of the date of completion. The Client(s) and their Direct Real Estate Representative named herein have been named as licensee(s) of this document. This document is non-transferrable, in whole or in part, to any and all third-parties, including; subsequent buyers, sellers, and listing agents. Copying and pasting deficiencies to prepare the repair request is permitted. THE INFORMATION IN THIS REPORT SHALL NOT BE RELIED UPON BY ANY ONE OTHER THAN THE CLIENT NAMED HEREIN. This report is governed by an Inspection agreement that contained the scope of the inspection, including limitations, exclusions, and conditions of the copyright. Unauthorized recipients are advised to contact a qualified Home Inspector of their choosing to provide them with their own Inspection and Report.  

Items Not Inspected and Other Limitations
ITEMS NOT INSPECTED - There are items that are not inspected in a home inspection such as, but not limited to: fences and gates, pools and spas, outbuildings or any other detached structure, refrigerators, washers / dryers, storm doors and storm windows, screens, window AC units, central vacuum systems, water softeners, alarm and intercom systems, and any item that is not a permanently attached component of the home. Also drop ceiling tiles are not removed, as they are easily damaged, and this is a non-invasive inspection. Subterranean systems are also excluded, such as but not limited to: sewer lines, septic tanks, water delivery systems, and underground fuel storage tanks.

Water and gas shut off valves are not operated under any circumstances. Any component or appliance that is unplugged or "shut off" will not be turned on or connected for the sake of evaluation. I don't have knowledge of why a component may be shut down, and can't be liable for damages that may result from activating said components/appliances.

NOT REPORTED ON: The causes of the need for a repair; The methods, materials, and costs of corrections; The suitability of the property for any specialized use; Compliance or non-compliance with codes, ordinances, statutes, regulatory requirements or restrictions; The market value of the property or its marketability; The advisability or inadvisability of purchase of the property; Any component or system that was not observed; Calculation of the strength, adequacy, design or efficiency of any system or component. 

NOT PERFORMED: Entrance to any area or performance of any procedure that may damage the property or its components or be considered dangerous to the home inspector or other persons; Operation of any system or component that is shut down or otherwise inoperable; Operation of any system or component that does not respond to normal operating controls; Disturbing insulation; Moving personal items, panels, furniture, equipment, plant life, soil, snow, ice, or debris that obstructs access or visibility.

Lastly a home inspection does not address and/or test for environmental concerns such as, but not limited to: Asbestos, lead, lead based paint, radon, mold, wood destroying organisms (termites, etc), cockroaches, rodents, pesticides, fungus, treated lumber, Chinese drywall, mercury, or carbon monoxide.

Recommended Contractors Information
CONTRACTORS / FURTHER EVALUATION: It is recommended that licensed professionals be used for repair issues as it relates to the comments in this report, and that copies of receipts be kept for warranty purposes. The use of the term "Qualified Person" in this report relates to an individual, company, or contractor whom is either licensed or certified in the field of concern. If I recommend evaluation or repairs by contractors or other licensed professionals, it is possible that they will discover additional problems since they will be invasive with their evaluation and repairs. Any listed items in this report concerning areas reserved for such experts should not be construed as a detailed, comprehensive, and / or exhaustive list of problems, or areas of concern.

CAUSES of DAMAGE / METHODS OF REPAIR: Any suggested causes of damage or defects, and methods of repair mentioned in this report are considered a professional courtesy to assist you in better understanding the condition of the home, and in my opinion only from the standpoint of a visual inspection, and should not be wholly relied upon. Contractors or other licensed professionals will have the final determination on the causes of damage/deficiencies, and the best methods of repairs, due to being invasive with their evaluation. Their evaluation will supersede the information found in this report.

Thermal Imaging Information
THERMAL IMAGING: An infrared camera MAY be used for specific areas or visual problems, and should not be viewed as a full thermal scan of the entire home. Additional services are available at additional costs and would be supplemented by an additional agreement/addendum. Temperature readings displayed on thermal images in this report are included as a courtesy and should not be wholly relied upon as a home inspection is qualitative, not quantitative. These values can vary +/- 4% or more of displayed readings, and these values will display surface temperatures when air temperature readings would actually need to be conducted on some items which is beyond the scope of a home inspection. If a full thermal scan of the home is desired, please reach out to me schedule this service. CURRENTLY, HOMESCAN HOME INSPECTION SERVICES INSPECTORS DO NOT UTILIZE THERMAL IMAGING CAMERAS.

Other Notes - Important Information
INACCESSIBLE AREAS: In the report, there may be specific references to areas and items that were inaccessible or only partly accessible. I can make no representations regarding conditions that may be present in these areas but were concealed or inaccessible for review. With access and an opportunity for inspection, reportable conditions or hidden damage may be found in these areas.

COMPONENT LIFE EXPECTANCY - Components may be listed as having no deficiencies at the time of inspection, but may fail at any time due to their age or lack of maintenance, that couldn't be determined by the inspector. A life expectancy chart can be viewed by visiting (http://www.nachi.org/life-expectancy.htm).

PHOTOGRAPHS: Several photos are included in your inspection report. These photos are for informational purposes only and do not attempt to show every instance or occurrence of a defect.

TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS: This report is proofread before sending it out, but typographical errors may be present. If any errors are noticed, please feel free to contact me for clarification.

Detached Item(s) Present
Only items and components directly and permanently attached to the structure are inspected according to the InterNACHI Standards of Practice and most of these items are only required to be reported on with their respected affect on the structure. This home may contain detached patios, stairs, retaining walls, outbuildings, decks, pools, fireplaces, etc. If comments are made with regard to these items, any comments should be viewed as a courtesy only, and not be construed as an all-inclusive listing of deficiencies. If any detached items or structures are of concern, evaluation of these items should be conducted by qualified individuals prior to the end of your inspection period.

Comment Key - Definitions
This report divides deficiencies into three categories; Major Defects (in red), Marginal Defects (in orange), and Minor Defects/Maintenance Items/FYI (colored in blue). Safety Hazards or concerns will be listed in the Red or Orange categories depending on their perceived danger, and should always be addressed ASAP.

Major Defects - Items or components that may require a major expense to correct. Items categorized in this manner require further evaluation and repairs or replacement as needed by a Qualified Contractor prior to then end of your contingency period.
Marginal Defects - Items or components that were found to include a deficiency. These items may have been functional at the time of inspection, but this functionality may be impaired, not ideal, or the defect may lead to further problems. Repairs or replacement is recommended to items categorized in this manner for optimal performance and/or to avoid future problems or adverse conditions that may occur due to the defect, prior to the end of your contingency period. Items categorized in this manner typically require repairs from a Handyman or Qualified Contractor and are not considered routine maintenance or DIY repairs.
Minor Defects/Maintenance Items/FYI - Items or components that were found to be in need of recurring or basic general maintenance and/or may need minor repairs which may improve their functionality. Also included in this section are items that were at the end of their typical service life or beginning to show signs of wear, but were in the opinion of the inspector, still functional at the time of inspection. Major repairs or replacement should be anticipated, and planned for, on any items that are designated as being past, or at the end of their typical life. These repairs or replacement costs can sometimes represent a major expense; i.e. HVAC systems, Water Heaters, etc.

These categorizations are in my professional judgement and based on what I observed at the time of inspection. This categorization should not be construed as to mean that items designated as "Minor defects" or "Marginal Defects" do not need repairs or replacement. The recommendations in each comment is more important than its categorization. Due to your perception, opinions, or personal experience you may feel defects belong in a different category, and you should feel free to consider the importance you believe they hold during your purchasing decision. Once again it's the "Recommendations" in the text of the comment pertaining to each defect that is paramount, not its categorical placement.

 Please acknowledge to me once you have completed reading the report. At that time I will be happy to answer any questions you may have, or provide clarification.

1 - Inspection Details

In Attendance
None
Type of Building
Detached, Single Family
Occupancy
Vacant
Year Built
2001
Weather Conditions
Clear, Cold
Temperature (approximate)
44 Fahrenheit (F)
Style
Traditional

2 - Roof

IN NI NP D
2.1 Coverings X X
2.2 Roof Drainage Systems X X
2.3 Flashings X X
2.4 Skylights, Chimneys & Other Roof Penetrations X
Inspection Method
Ladder, Ground, Roof
Roof Type/Style
Hip, Gable, Combination
Roof Drainage Systems: Gutter Material
Seamless Aluminum
Flashings: Material
Asphalt
Coverings: Material
Asphalt, Dimensional
Roof Drainage Systems: Underground Drainage

 Multiple gutters terminate into underground drainage tubes and I am unable to determine efficiency of the systems. 

Skylights, Chimneys & Other Roof Penetrations: Vents and Exhaust Points

All vents and exhaust penetrations through the roof have no obvious defects.

Steep Roof

Unable to walk portions of roof due to steep slope.

I. The inspector shall inspect from ground level or the eaves: A. the roof-covering materials; B. the gutters; C. the downspouts; D. the vents, flashing, skylights, chimney, and other roof penetrations; and E. the general structure of the roof from the readily accessible panels, doors or stairs. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of roof-covering materials. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. observed indications of active roof leaks. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. walk on any roof surface. B. predict the service life expectancy. C. inspect underground downspout diverter drainage pipes. D. remove snow, ice, debris or other conditions that prohibit the observation of the roof surfaces. E. move insulation. F. inspect antennae, satellite dishes, lightning arresters, de-icing equipment, or similar attachments. G. walk on any roof areas that appear, in the inspectors opinion, to be unsafe. H. walk on any roof areas if doing so might, in the inspector's opinion, cause damage. I. perform a water test. J. warrant or certify the roof. K. confirm proper fastening or installation of any roof-covering material.

  • IN = Inspected
  • NI = Not Inspected
  • NP = Not Present
  • D = Deficiencies
Credit
Comment
2.1.1 - Coverings

Damaged (General)

Roof coverings showed signs of mechanical damage in several locations. Recommend a qualified roofing professional evaluate and repair. 

Roof Roofing Professional
Credit
Comment
2.2.1 - Roof Drainage Systems

Debris

Debris has accumulated in the gutters. Recommend cleaning to facilitate water flow.

Here is a DIY resource for cleaning your gutters. 

Tools Handyman/DIY
Credit
Comment
2.2.2 - Roof Drainage Systems

Downspouts Drain Near House

One or more downspouts drain too close to the home's foundation. This can result in excessive moisture in the soil at the foundation, which can lead to foundation/structural movement. The two gutters at the rear of the structure appear to be one of the causes for excess moisture in the basement. Recommend a qualified contractor adjust downspout extensions to drain at least 6 feet from the foundation. 

Here is a helpful DIY link and video on draining water flow away from your house. 

Tools Handyman/DIY
Credit
Comment
2.2.3 - Roof Drainage Systems

Gutter Damaged

Multiple gutters had mechanical damage and also what appeared to be poor workmanship at the joints. This can result in excessive moisture in the soil at the foundation, which can lead to foundation/structural movement. Recommend a qualified contractor evaluate and repair. 

Gutter Gutter Contractor
Credit
Comment
2.2.4 - Roof Drainage Systems

Gutter/Downspout Loose

The gutter/downspout is loose and needs to be re-fastened to fascia/siding and pitched properly (if required).

Tools Handyman/DIY
Credit
Comment
2.3.1 - Flashings

Missing

Flashings were not visible at time of inspection. Flashings provide protection against moisture intrusion. It appears as though certain flashings were left off when the most recent roofing job was performed.  Moisture intrusion was visualized in one of these areas during the attic inspection. Recommend a qualified roofing contractor evaluate and remedy. 

Roof Roofing Professional

3 - Exterior

IN NI NP D
3.1 Siding, Flashing & Trim X X
3.2 Exterior Doors X X
3.3 Walkways, Patios & Driveways X X
3.4 Decks, Balconies, Porches & Steps X X
3.5 Eaves, Soffits & Fascia X X
3.6 Vegetation, Grading, Drainage & Retaining Walls X X
Inspection Method
Attic Access, Visual
Siding, Flashing & Trim: Siding Material
Vinyl, Brick
Siding, Flashing & Trim: Siding Style
Drop
Walkways, Patios & Driveways: Driveway/Walkway Materials
Concrete
Decks, Balconies, Porches & Steps: Appurtenance
Covered Porch, Sidewalk, Entry Steps
Decks, Balconies, Porches & Steps: Material
Concrete, Brick
Exterior Doors: Exterior Entry Door
Steel
Attic Access Limited

No walkways present in attic space. Visualization made from safe locations only.

I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the exterior wall-covering materials, flashing and trim; B. all exterior doors; C. adjacent walkways and driveways; D. stairs, steps, stoops, stairways and ramps; E. porches, patios, decks, balconies and carports; F. railings, guards and handrails; G. the eaves, soffits and fascia; H. a representative number of windows; and I. vegetation, surface drainage, retaining walls and grading of the property, where they may adversely affect the structure due to moisture intrusion. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of exterior wall-covering materials. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any improper spacing between intermediate balusters, spindles and rails. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect or operate screens, storm windows, shutters, awnings, fences, outbuildings, or exterior accent lighting. B. inspect items that are not visible or readily accessible from the ground, including window and door flashing. C. inspect or identify geological, geotechnical, hydrological or soil conditions. D. inspect recreational facilities or playground equipment. E. inspect seawalls, breakwalls or docks. F. inspect erosion-control or earth-stabilization measures. G. inspect for safety-type glass. H. inspect underground utilities. I. inspect underground items. J. inspect wells or springs. K. inspect solar, wind or geothermal systems. L. inspect swimming pools or spas. M. inspect wastewater treatment systems, septic systems or cesspools. N. inspect irrigation or sprinkler systems. O. inspect drainfields or dry wells. P. determine the integrity of multiple-pane window glazing or thermal window seals.

  • IN = Inspected
  • NI = Not Inspected
  • NP = Not Present
  • D = Deficiencies
Credit
Comment
3.1.1 - Siding, Flashing & Trim

Mildew/Algae

There are signs of algae and/or mildew on the siding. This is a cosmetic issue and is not uncommon especially on shaded portions of the home. Recommend that said areas be washed or cleaned or a regular basis.

Tools Handyman/DIY
Credit
Comment
3.1.2 - Siding, Flashing & Trim

Effloresence

 Efflorescence was visualized on multiple areas of the brick siding on the front of the structure. This indicates that moisture is being worked up through the brick. Recommendation for cleaning of these areas and determining reason for the excess moisture.

Tools Handyman/DIY
Credit
Comment
3.1.3 - Siding, Flashing & Trim

Damage to Shutters

 The vinyl shutters on the front of the  structure were poorly attached and had mechanical damage present. 

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
3.1.4 - Siding, Flashing & Trim

Paint

 Paint splashing was noted on the siding and kitchen window trim at the patio area.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
3.2.1 - Exterior Doors

Hardware Damaged

One or more pieces of door hardware are damaged. Recommend repair or replacement.

Tools Handyman/DIY
Credit
Comment
3.3.1 - Walkways, Patios & Driveways

Driveway Cracking - Minor

Minor cosmetic cracks observed, which may indicate movement in the soil. Recommend monitor and/or have concrete contractor patch/seal.

Credit
Comment
3.3.2 - Walkways, Patios & Driveways

Patio Cracking - Minor

Normal settling & cracking observed. Recommend monitor and/or patch/seal.
Credit
Comment
3.4.1 - Decks, Balconies, Porches & Steps

Stairs - Deteriorated

One or more sections of the exterior stairs are deteriorated. Recommend qualified contractor evaluate & repair.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
3.5.1 - Eaves, Soffits & Fascia

Fascia - Damaged

One or more sections of the fascia are damaged. Recommend qualified roofer evaluate & repair.
Roof Roofing Professional
Credit
Comment
3.6.1 - Vegetation, Grading, Drainage & Retaining Walls

Retaining Wall Cracks

Retaining wall showed signs of minor cracking and appeared to be cosmetic.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
3.6.2 - Vegetation, Grading, Drainage & Retaining Walls

Tree Debris on Roof

Tree debris observed on roof. This can cause decreased and/or improper drainage to gutters and deterioration to roofing material. Recommend clearing debris.

Tools Handyman/DIY
Credit
Comment
3.6.3 - Vegetation, Grading, Drainage & Retaining Walls

Retaining Wall - Damage

The retaining wall showed signs of mechanical damage, possibly from a vehicle. Recommend contacting a concrete contractor to make repairs.

Contractor Qualified Professional

4 - Basement, Foundation, Crawlspace & Structure

IN NI NP D
4.1 Foundation X X
4.2 Basements & Crawlspaces X X
4.3 Floor Structure X X
4.4 Wall Structure X X
4.5 Ceiling Structure X X
Inspection Method
Attic Access, Visual
Foundation: Material
Masonry Block
Floor Structure: Basement/Crawlspace Floor
Concrete
Floor Structure: Material
Concrete
Floor Structure: Sub-floor
OSB
Unable to Visualize

Parts of the attic area were unable to be accessed safely and, therefore, were unable to be fully evaluated.

I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the foundation; B. the basement; C. the crawlspace; and D. structural components. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of foundation; and B. the location of the access to the under-floor space. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. observed indications of wood in contact with or near soil; B. observed indications of active water penetration; C. observed indications of possible foundation movement, such as sheetrock cracks, brick cracks, out-of-square door frames, and unlevel floors; and D. any observed cutting, notching and boring of framing members that may, in the inspector's opinion, present a structural or safety concern. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. enter any crawlspace that is not readily accessible, or where entry could cause damage or pose a hazard to him/herself. B. move stored items or debris. C. operate sump pumps with inaccessible floats. D. identify the size, spacing, span or location or determine the adequacy of foundation bolting, bracing, joists, joist spans or support systems. E. provide any engineering or architectural service. F. report on the adequacy of any structural system or component.

  • IN = Inspected
  • NI = Not Inspected
  • NP = Not Present
  • D = Deficiencies
Credit
Comment
4.1.1 - Foundation

Foundation Cracks

Cracking noted at the foundation. This is typically consistent with soil movement and could lead to serious damage to structural components, foundation and/or slabs. Recommend a structural engineer evaluate and provide a report on course of action and remedy.

Here is an informational article on foundation cracks.

House construction Structural Engineer
Credit
Comment
4.2.1 - Basements & Crawlspaces

Efflorescence

Efflorescence noted on the block surface. This a white, powdery deposit that is consistent with moisture intrusion. This can compromise the soil's ability to support the home structure and/or lead to mold growth. Recommend a qualified contractor identify source or moisture and correct. 

Credit
Comment
4.2.2 - Basements & Crawlspaces

High Moisture Levels

High levels of moisture were noted in areas of the basement. Recommend monitoring and finding source of moisture intrusion to prevent damage to structure. 

Credit
Comment
4.3.1 - Floor Structure

Minor Cracking

Minor cracks found in the basement floor near the right rear corner. These cracks appeared cosmetic in nature. Recommend monitoring.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
4.4.1 - Wall Structure

Evidence of Water Intrusion

Wall structure showed signs of water intrusion, which could lead to more serious structural damage and mold issues. These areas are directly below where two gutter downspouts empty next to the structure. Recommend a qualified contractor identify source of moisture and remedy.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
4.4.2 - Wall Structure

Microbial Growth

Observed signs of microbial growth in one or more areas in the wall structure. Recommend identifying source or moisture intrusion and sending samples to a lab for testing. 

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
4.5.1 - Ceiling Structure

Evidence of Water Intrusion

Ceiling structure (roof decking) in attic space showed signs of water intrusion, which could lead to more serious structural damage. Recommend a qualified contractor identify source or moisture and remedy.

Contractor Qualified Professional

5 - Attic, Insulation & Ventilation

IN NI NP D
5.1 Attic Insulation X X
5.2 Vapor Retarders (Crawlspace or Basement) X
5.3 Ventilation X
5.4 Exhaust Systems X X
Dryer Power Source
220 Electric
Flooring Insulation
None
Ventilation: Ventilation Type
Soffit Vents, Ridge Vents, Passive
Ventilation: Observed from Exterior
Dryer Vent
Metal
Attic Insulation: Insulation Type
Blown, Fiberglass
Attic Insulation: Average Depth
14 Inches

The R-value of insulation is a measure of how well it reduces the flow of heat and cold into and out of your house. The higher the R-value, per inch of thickness, the better job the insulation will do when you heat or cool your home. 

The following site contains information concerning R-values per type of material:

https://www.todayshomeowner.com/how-to-determine-the-r-value-of-insulation/

Exhaust Systems: Exhaust Fans
Fan Only, Fan with Light
Access Limited Due to Lack of Walkways

Vapor Retarders (Crawlspace or Basement) not present.

I. The inspector shall inspect: A. insulation in unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces and foundation areas; B. ventilation of unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces and foundation areas; and C. mechanical exhaust systems in the kitchen, bathrooms and laundry area. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of insulation observed; and B. the approximate average depth of insulation observed at the unfinished attic floor area or roof structure. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. the general absence of insulation or ventilation in unfinished spaces. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. enter the attic or any unfinished spaces that are not readily accessible, or where entry could cause damage or, in the inspector's opinion, pose a safety hazard. B. move, touch or disturb insulation. C. move, touch or disturb vapor retarders. D. break or otherwise damage the surface finish or weather seal on or around access panels or covers. E. identify the composition or R-value of insulation material. F. activate thermostatically operated fans. G. determine the types of materials used in insulation or wrapping of pipes, ducts, jackets, boilers or wiring. H. determine the adequacy of ventilation.

  • IN = Inspected
  • NI = Not Inspected
  • NP = Not Present
  • D = Deficiencies
Credit
Comment
5.1.1 - Attic Insulation

Insufficient Insulation

Insulation depth was inadequate around the attic access. Recommend a qualified attic insulation contractor install additional insulation.

House construction Insulation Contractor
Credit
Comment
5.4.1 - Exhaust Systems

Undetermined Exhaust Point

The exhaust termination point for either bathroom was unable to be determined, due to the amount of insulation in the attic. Bathrooms should exhaust to the exterior of the structure in order to prevent problems associated with moisture from occurring. Recommend evaluation from a qualified professional.

Contractor Qualified Professional

6 - Plumbing

IN NI NP D
6.1 Main Water Shut-off Device X
6.2 Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems X X
6.3 Water Supply, Distribution Systems & Fixtures X X
6.4 Hot Water Systems, Controls, Flues & Vents X X
6.5 Fuel Storage & Distribution Systems X
6.6 Sump Pump X
Filters
None
Water Source
Public
Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems: Drain Size
1 1/2", 3”, 2"
Hot Water Systems, Controls, Flues & Vents: Capacity
40 gallons
Hot Water Systems, Controls, Flues & Vents: Location
Basement
Hot Water Systems, Controls, Flues & Vents: Power Source/Type
Electric
Hot Water Systems, Controls, Flues & Vents: Age
5 years
Hot Water Systems, Controls, Flues & Vents: Due to the plumbing system being winterized, the water heater power was off at the breaker box. Unable to determine function of the water heater.
Main Water Shut-off Device: Location
Basement
Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems: Material
PVC
Water Supply, Distribution Systems & Fixtures: Distribution Material
Copper

Distribution refers to the pipes that are inside the building and deliver water to the fixture shut off valves. 

Water Supply, Distribution Systems & Fixtures: Water Supply Material
Hose, Braided, PVC, Steel

Supply refers to the pipes that supply water from the fixture shut off valves to the fixture.

Hot Water Systems, Controls, Flues & Vents: Manufacturer
Whirlpool

I recommend flushing & servicing your water heater tank annually for optimal performance. Water temperature should be set to at least 120 degrees F to kill microbes and no higher than 130 degrees F to prevent scalding. 

Here is a nice maintenance guide from Lowe's to help. 

Fuel Storage & Distribution Systems: Main Gas Shut-off Location
At Tank
Fuel Storage & Distribution Systems: Fireplace Only

The propane tank in the backyard only supplied the fireplace in the living room. The tank is currently empty.

Structure Winterized

The structure had been winterized and signs were posted not to utilize any of the water fixtures. No fixtures were run, thus limiting evaluation of water flow and drains.

Sump Pump not present.

I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the main water supply shut-off valve; B. the main fuel supply shut-off valve; C. the water heating equipment, including the energy source, venting connections, temperature/pressure-relief (TPR) valves, Watts 210 valves, and seismic bracing; D. interior water supply, including all fixtures and faucets, by running the water; E. all toilets for proper operation by flushing; F. all sinks, tubs and showers for functional drainage; G. the drain, waste and vent system; and H. drainage sump pumps with accessible floats. II. The inspector shall describe: A. whether the water supply is public or private based upon observed evidence; B. the location of the main water supply shut-off valve; C. the location of the main fuel supply shut-off valve; D. the location of any observed fuel-storage system; and E. the capacity of the water heating equipment, if labeled. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. deficiencies in the water supply by viewing the functional flow in two fixtures operated simultaneously; B. deficiencies in the installation of hot and cold water faucets; C. mechanical drain stops that were missing or did not operate if installed in sinks, lavatories and tubs; and D. toilets that were damaged, had loose connections to the floor, were leaking, or had tank components that did not operate. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. light or ignite pilot flames. B. measure the capacity, temperature, age, life expectancy or adequacy of the water heater. C. inspect the interior of flues or chimneys, combustion air systems, water softener or filtering systems, well pumps or tanks, safety or shut-off valves, floor drains, lawn sprinkler systems, or fire sprinkler systems. D. determine the exact flow rate, volume, pressure, temperature or adequacy of the water supply. E. determine the water quality, potability or reliability of the water supply or source. F. open sealed plumbing access panels. G. inspect clothes washing machines or their connections. H. operate any valve. I. test shower pans, tub and shower surrounds or enclosures for leakage or functional overflow protection. J. evaluate the compliance with conservation, energy or building standards, or the proper design or sizing of any water, waste or venting components, fixtures or piping. K. determine the effectiveness of anti-siphon, backflow prevention or drain-stop devices. L. determine whether there are sufficient cleanouts for effective cleaning of drains. M. evaluate fuel storage tanks or supply systems. N. inspect wastewater treatment systems. O. inspect water treatment systems or water filters. P. inspect water storage tanks, pressure pumps, or bladder tanks. Q. evaluate wait time to obtain hot water at fixtures, or perform testing of any kind to water heater elements. R. evaluate or determine the adequacy of combustion air. S. test, operate, open or close: safety controls, manual stop valves, temperature/pressure-relief valves, control valves, or check valves. T. examine ancillary or auxiliary systems or components, such as, but not limited to, those related to solar water heating and hot water circulation. U. determine the existence or condition of polybutylene plumbing. V. inspect or test for gas or fuel leaks, or indications thereof.

  • IN = Inspected
  • NI = Not Inspected
  • NP = Not Present
  • D = Deficiencies
Credit
Comment
6.2.1 - Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems

Missing Stopper

Credit
Comment
6.3.1 - Water Supply, Distribution Systems & Fixtures

Toilet Loose

The toilet bolts were loose which allowed excessive movement. Recommend a plumber to reset the toilet to prevent moisture damage to surrounding area.

Contractor Qualified Professional

7 - Electrical

IN NI NP D
7.1 Service Entrance Conductors X X
7.2 Main & Subpanels, Service & Grounding, Main Overcurrent Device X X
7.3 Branch Wiring Circuits, Breakers & Fuses X
7.4 Lighting Fixtures, Switches & Receptacles X X
7.5 GFCI & AFCI X X
7.6 Smoke Detectors X X
7.7 Carbon Monoxide Detectors X
Main & Subpanels, Service & Grounding, Main Overcurrent Device: Panel Capacity
200 AMP
Main & Subpanels, Service & Grounding, Main Overcurrent Device: Panel Type
Circuit Breaker
Main & Subpanels, Service & Grounding, Main Overcurrent Device: Sub Panel Location
None Found
Branch Wiring Circuits, Breakers & Fuses: Branch Wire 15 and 20 AMP
Copper
Branch Wiring Circuits, Breakers & Fuses: Wiring Method
Romex
Main & Subpanels, Service & Grounding, Main Overcurrent Device: Meter/Service Disconnect Location
Right
Main & Subpanels, Service & Grounding, Main Overcurrent Device: Panel Manufacturer
General Electric
Service Entrance Conductors: Electrical Service Conductors
Overhead, Aluminum, 220 Volts
Main & Subpanels, Service & Grounding, Main Overcurrent Device: Main Panel Location
Right, Basement
Smoke Detectors: Proper Location of Detectors

Detectors were found in the following locations.

Smoke Detectors: Recommend Additional Dectectors

NFPA 72 states:

11.5.1 One- and Two-Family Dwelling Units.

11.5.1.1 Smoke Detection. Where required by applicable laws, codes, or standards for the specified occupancy, approved single- and multiple-station Smoke Alarms shall be installed as follows: (1) In all sleeping rooms. Exception: Smoke Alarms shall not be required in sleeping rooms in existing one- and two-family dwelling units. (2) Outside of each separate sleeping area, in immediate vicinity of the sleeping rooms. (3) On each level of the dwelling unit, including basements. Exception: In existing one- and two family dwelling units, approved Smoke Alarms powered by batteries are permitted.

http://www.brkelectronics.com/faqs/diy/recommended_locations_for_smoke_alarms

I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the service drop; B. the overhead service conductors and attachment point; C. the service head, gooseneck and drip loops; D. the service mast, service conduit and raceway; E. the electric meter and base; F. service-entrance conductors; G. the main service disconnect; H. panelboards and over-current protection devices (circuit breakers and fuses); I. service grounding and bonding; J. a representative number of switches, lighting fixtures and receptacles, including receptacles observed and deemed to be arc-fault circuit interrupter (AFCI)-protected using the AFCI test button, where possible; K. all ground-fault circuit interrupter receptacles and circuit breakers observed and deemed to be GFCIs using a GFCI tester, where possible; and L. smoke and carbon-monoxide detectors. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the main service disconnect's amperage rating, if labeled; and B. the type of wiring observed. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. deficiencies in the integrity of the serviceentrance conductors insulation, drip loop, and vertical clearances from grade and roofs; B. any unused circuit-breaker panel opening that was not filled; C. the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch-circuit wiring, if readily visible; D. any tested receptacle in which power was not present, polarity was incorrect, the cover was not in place, the GFCI devices were not properly installed or did not operate properly, evidence of arcing or excessive heat, and where the receptacle was not grounded or was not secured to the wall; and E. the absence of smoke detectors. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. insert any tool, probe or device into the main panelboard, sub-panels, distribution panelboards, or electrical fixtures. B. operate electrical systems that are shut down. C. remove panelboard cabinet covers or dead fronts. D. operate or re-set over-current protection devices or overload devices. E. operate or test smoke or carbon-monoxide detectors or alarms F. inspect, operate or test any security, fire or alarms systems or components, or other warning or signaling systems. G. measure or determine the amperage or voltage of the main service equipment, if not visibly labeled. H. inspect ancillary wiring or remote-control devices. I. activate any electrical systems or branch circuits that are not energized. J. inspect low-voltage systems, electrical de-icing tapes, swimming pool wiring, or any timecontrolled devices. K. verify the service ground. L. inspect private or emergency electrical supply sources, including, but not limited to: generators, windmills, photovoltaic solar collectors, or battery or electrical storage facility. M. inspect spark or lightning arrestors. N. inspect or test de-icing equipment. O. conduct voltage-drop calculations. P. determine the accuracy of labeling. Q. inspect exterior lighting.

  • IN = Inspected
  • NI = Not Inspected
  • NP = Not Present
  • D = Deficiencies
Credit
Comment
7.1.1 - Service Entrance Conductors

Frayed Sheathing

Wires on service entrance appear damaged or frayed. Recommend contacting your electric utility company or a qualified electrician to evaluate and repair. 

Contractor Utility Company
Credit
Comment
7.2.1 - Main & Subpanels, Service & Grounding, Main Overcurrent Device

Knockouts Missing

"Knockouts" are missing on the electric panel. This poses a safety hazard and it is recommended that the opening in the panel caused by the missing knockout(s) be properly sealed by a licensed electrician.

Electric Electrical Contractor
Credit
Comment
7.2.2 - Main & Subpanels, Service & Grounding, Main Overcurrent Device

Odd Breakers

Some of the breakers used are not recommended by the panel manufacturer. Recommend replacement of odd breakers by a licensed contractor.

Electric Electrical Contractor
Credit
Comment
7.2.3 - Main & Subpanels, Service & Grounding, Main Overcurrent Device

Panel Cover Loose

The dead panel cover was loose and inappropriately attached with sheet rock screws.  Wires were also visible around the breakers through the knockouts. Recommendation is for an evaluation by a licensed electrician. 

Electric Electrical Contractor
Credit
Comment
7.4.1 - Lighting Fixtures, Switches & Receptacles

Cover Plates Damaged

One or more receptacles have a damaged cover plate. Recommend replacement.
Tools Handyman/DIY
Credit
Comment
7.4.2 - Lighting Fixtures, Switches & Receptacles

Light Inoperable

One or more lights are not operating. New light bulb possibly needed.
Credit
Comment
7.4.3 - Lighting Fixtures, Switches & Receptacles

Unknown Switch

Unable to determine what fixture is controlled by the switch.

Credit
Comment
7.4.4 - Lighting Fixtures, Switches & Receptacles

Dead Circuit

 The circuit in the kitchen on the sink wall had no power. The GFCI receptacle was not operational either. Recommend evaluation by a licensed electrician. 

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
7.4.5 - Lighting Fixtures, Switches & Receptacles

Fixture Damaged

 The light fixture at the rear door is missing a globe. Recommend replacement.

Wrench DIY
Credit
Comment
7.4.6 - Lighting Fixtures, Switches & Receptacles

Fixture Loose

 The light fixture in the stairwell and at the Garage door entrance are loose and should be tightened or replaced.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
7.5.1 - GFCI & AFCI

GFCI Failed Test

Receptacle failed test and/or would not reset. Recommend evaluation by a licensed and qualified professional.

Electric Electrical Contractor
Credit
Comment
7.6.1 - Smoke Detectors

Missing

Smoke detectors have been removed from multiple locations. Recommend re-installation.

Contractor Qualified Professional

8 - HVAC

IN NI NP D
8.1 General X
8.2 Equipment X
8.3 Normal Operating Controls X
8.4 Distribution System X
8.5 Presence of Installed Cooling/Heating Source in Each Room X
Equipment: Energy Source/Type
Electric, Heat Pump, Forced Air
Equipment: Age
5 Years
Equipment: Location (Exterior)
Right
Equipment: Location (Interior)
Basement
General: Unable to Operate Cooling System

The cooling system was not operated due to the cold ambient outside temperature. Operating the cooling component in these conditions could cause damage to the HVAC unit.

General: Filter Dirty

The HVAC filter is dirty and in need of replacement. Depending on conditions the filter should be checked and/or replaced monthly.  Dirty filters can put extra strain on the system and cause premature wear and tear. 

Equipment: Brand
Rheem
Equipment: SEER Rating
00 Unknown

Modern standards call for at least 13 SEER rating for new install. 

Read more on energy efficient air conditioning at Energy.gov.

Equipment: AFUE Rating
100

AFUE (Annual fuel utilization efficiency) is a metric used to measure furnace efficiency in converting fuel to energy. A higher AFUE rating means greater energy efficiency. 90% or higher meets the Department of Energy's Energy Star program standard.

Normal Operating Controls: Thermostat Location
Distribution System: Configuration
Central

I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the cooling system, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the location of the thermostat for the cooling system; and B. the cooling method. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any cooling system that did not operate; and B. if the cooling system was deemed inaccessible. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. determine the uniformity, temperature, flow, balance, distribution, size, capacity, BTU, or supply adequacy of the cooling system. B. inspect portable window units, through-wall units, or electronic air filters. C. operate equipment or systems if the exterior temperature is below 65 Fahrenheit, or when other circumstances are not conducive to safe operation or may damage the equipment. D. inspect or determine thermostat calibration, cooling anticipation, or automatic setbacks or clocks. E. examine electrical current, coolant fluids or gases, or coolant leakage.

  • IN = Inspected
  • NI = Not Inspected
  • NP = Not Present
  • D = Deficiencies

9 - Doors, Windows & Interior

IN NI NP D
9.1 Doors X X
9.2 Windows X X
9.3 Floors X X
9.4 Walls X X
9.5 Ceilings X X
9.6 Steps, Stairways & Railings X
9.7 Countertops, Cabinets & Tub Decks X
Windows: Window Manufacturer
Unknown
Windows: Window Type
Single-hung
Windows: Window Material
Vinyl
Windows: Glazing
Double Pane
Walls: Wall Material
Drywall
Ceilings: Ceiling Material
Gypsum Board
Countertops, Cabinets & Tub Decks: Countertop Material
Cultured Marble, Laminate
Floors: Floor Coverings
Engineered Wood, Tile
Countertops, Cabinets & Tub Decks: Cabinetry
Wood
Countertops, Cabinets & Tub Decks: No Obvious Damage

Cabinets and countertops appeared in good condition, both functionally and aesthetically.

I. The inspector shall inspect: A. a representative number of doors and windows by opening and closing them; B. floors, walls and ceilings; C. stairs, steps, landings, stairways and ramps; D. railings, guards and handrails; and E. garage vehicle doors and the operation of garage vehicle door openers, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. a garage vehicle door as manually-operated or installed with a garage door opener. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. improper spacing between intermediate balusters, spindles and rails for steps, stairways, guards and railings; B. photo-electric safety sensors that did not operate properly; and C. any window that was obviously fogged or displayed other evidence of broken seals. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect paint, wallpaper, window treatments or finish treatments. B. inspect floor coverings or carpeting. C. inspect central vacuum systems. D. inspect for safety glazing. E. inspect security systems or components. F. evaluate the fastening of islands, countertops, cabinets, sink tops or fixtures. G. move furniture, stored items, or any coverings, such as carpets or rugs, in order to inspect the concealed floor structure. H. move suspended-ceiling tiles. I. inspect or move any household appliances. J. inspect or operate equipment housed in the garage, except as otherwise noted. K. verify or certify the proper operation of any pressure-activated auto-reverse or related safety feature of a garage door. L. operate or evaluate any security bar release and opening mechanisms, whether interior or exterior, including their compliance with local, state or federal standards. M. operate any system, appliance or component that requires the use of special keys, codes, combinations or devices. N. operate or evaluate self-cleaning oven cycles, tilt guards/latches, or signal lights. O. inspect microwave ovens or test leakage from microwave ovens. P. operate or examine any sauna, steamgenerating equipment, kiln, toaster, ice maker, coffee maker, can opener, bread warmer, blender, instant hot-water dispenser, or other small, ancillary appliances or devices. Q. inspect elevators. R. inspect remote controls. S. inspect appliances. T. inspect items not permanently installed. U. discover firewall compromises. V. inspect pools, spas or fountains. W. determine the adequacy of whirlpool or spa jets, water force, or bubble effects. X. determine the structural integrity or leakage of pools or spas.

  • IN = Inspected
  • NI = Not Inspected
  • NP = Not Present
  • D = Deficiencies
Credit
Comment
9.1.1 - Doors

Door Missing

The door to the bedroom is completely missing. There does not appear to be damage to the jamb or strike plate. Replacement is recommended by a qualified professional. 

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
9.1.2 - Doors

Hardware Missing/Damaged

The bifold doors for the laundry area will not remain inside the track. Part of the hardware is missing that assists in this. The door going from the living area to the basement has damage to the handles on both sides. Recommend replacement.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
9.2.1 - Windows

Damaged

One or more windows appears to have general damage, but are operational. Recommend a window professional clean, lubricate, adjust, or repair as necessary.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
9.2.2 - Windows

Failed Seal

Observed condensation between the window panes, which indicates a failed seal. Recommend qualified window contractor evaluate & replace.
Window Window Repair and Installation Contractor
Credit
Comment
9.2.3 - Windows

Missing Screen

Screens missing from all window units. Recommend replacement of screens to allow for full function use of window.

Tools Handyman/DIY
Credit
Comment
9.2.4 - Windows

Wndow Trim Damaged/Missing

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
9.3.1 - Floors

Damaged (General)

The home had generalized moderate damage visible at the time of the inspection. Recommend service by a qualified contractor.

Credit
Comment
9.3.2 - Floors

Tile Cracked

 The tile in the master bathroom is cracked in multiple places. Recommend replacement of damaged tiles by a qualified professional .

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
9.4.1 - Walls

General Damage

General areas of damage were noticed in one or more areas during the inspection. This appeared to be cosmetic.

Tools Handyman/DIY
Credit
Comment
9.5.1 - Ceilings

Minor Damage

Minor damage or deterioration to the ceiling was visible at the time of the inspection. This appeared to be an attempted patch of a previous crack.  Recommend proper patching by qualified professional. 

Credit
Comment
9.5.2 - Ceilings

Nail Pops

 Nail pops were present in the dining room ceiling. Recommend patching and painting by a qualified professional. 

Contractor Qualified Professional

10 - Fireplace

IN NI NP D
10.1 Vents, Flues & Chimneys X
10.2 Lintels & Fire Box X
10.3 Damper Doors X
10.4 Cleanout Doors & Frames X
Type
Propane
Gas Supply Shut Off
Gas supply was turned off, so operation of gas fireplaces could not be verified. Recommend having gas supply turned on and operation of fireplaces confirmed.

Vents, Flues & Chimneys not present.

Lintels & Fire Box not present.

Damper Doors not present.

Cleanout Doors & Frames not present.

I. The inspector shall inspect:

readily accessible and visible portions of the fireplaces and chimneys;

lintels above the fireplace openings;

damper doors by opening and closing them, if readily accessible and manually operable; and

cleanout doors and frames.

II. The inspector shall describe:

the type of fireplace.

III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction:

evidence of joint separation, damage or deterioration of the hearth, hearth extension or chambers;

manually operated dampers that did not open and close;

the lack of a smoke detector in the same room as the fireplace;

the lack of a carbon-monoxide detector in the same room as the fireplace; and

cleanouts not made of metal, pre-cast cement, or other non-combustible material.

IV. The inspector is not required to:

inspect the flue or vent system.

inspect the interior of chimneys or flues, fire doors or screens, seals or gaskets, or mantels.

determine the need for a chimney sweep.

operate gas fireplace inserts.

light pilot flames.

determine the appropriateness of any installation.

inspect automatic fuel-fed devices.

inspect combustion and/or make-up air devices.

inspect heat-distribution assists, whether gravity-controlled or fan-assisted.

ignite or extinguish fires.

determine the adequacy of drafts or draft characteristics.

move fireplace inserts, stoves or firebox contents.

perform a smoke test.

dismantle or remove any component.

perform a National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)-style inspection.

perform a Phase I fireplace and chimney inspection.

  • IN = Inspected
  • NI = Not Inspected
  • NP = Not Present
  • D = Deficiencies

11 - Built-in Appliances

IN NI NP D
11.1 Dishwasher X X
11.2 Refrigerator X
11.3 Range/Oven/Cooktop X
11.4 Garbage Disposal X
Dishwasher: Brand
Whirlpool
Dishwasher: Water Shut Off to Residence

Refrigerator not present.

Range/Oven/Cooktop not present.

Garbage Disposal not present.

  • IN = Inspected
  • NI = Not Inspected
  • NP = Not Present
  • D = Deficiencies
Credit
Comment
11.1.1 - Dishwasher

Improper Installation

The dishwasher is not secured to the cabinet.  It should be secured to avoid damaging the unit. 

12 - Garage

IN NI NP D
12.1 Ceiling X X
12.2 Floor X X
12.3 Walls & Firewalls X
12.4 Garage Door X X
12.5 Garage Door Opener X
12.6 Occupant Door (From garage to inside of home) X X
Garage Door: Type
Up-and-Over
Garage Door: Material
Metal, Insulated

Walls & Firewalls not present.

Garage Door Opener: Unit Unplugged
  • IN = Inspected
  • NI = Not Inspected
  • NP = Not Present
  • D = Deficiencies
Credit
Comment
12.1.1 - Ceiling

No Fire Separation

No fire separation between garage and living area. This may not be required by local jurisdiction.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
12.4.1 - Garage Door

Damage

 One of the two garage doors had an arm that attaches the door to the track was damaged. Also damaged was the photo electric eye on the same door.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
12.6.1 - Occupant Door (From garage to inside of home)

Door Does Not Meet Separation Requirements

Door separating garage and home does not meet safety standards. Doors in firewalls must be at least 1 3/8-inch thick, metal/steel, or a 20-minute fire-rated door. 

Credit
Comment
12.6.2 - Occupant Door (From garage to inside of home)

Not Self-closing

It is recommended that the door from garage to home should have self-closing hinges to help prevent spread of a fire to living space. Recommend a qualified contractor install self-closing hinges. 

DIY Resource Link.

Tools Handyman/DIY