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1234 Main St.
DuBois, PA 15801
08/25/2019 9:00AM

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PLEASE READ BEFORE CONTINUING THROUGH THIS REPORT


Thank you for choosing Millstone Home Inspections, to perform your home inspection. An earnest effort was made on your behalf to discover visible defects and maintenance deficiencies of this property during the reasonably limited inspection time frame. The photos included in this report represent only a small portion of the total picture taken during the inspection. This inspection report is an opinion report based on the observations made on the date of the inspection and is not a prediction of future conditions. Latent hidden defects cannot be included. This Report is not intended to reflect the value of the property such as an appraisal. This report is for the client's knowledge before the purchase and the inspector does not require noted defects to be repaired. The inspector performs inspections in accordance with the current Standards of Practice and Code of Ethics of the International Association of Certified Home Inspectors® (InterNACHI) which can be viewed at http://www.nachi.org/sop.htm. If you have any question about this report now or in the future please call me anytime.

LEGAL NOTICE TO ANY THIRD PARTIES VIEWING THIS REPORT: This report and any attached reports are the exclusive property of Millstone Home Inspections and the Client whose name appears herewith. The unauthorized use of all or any part of this report for transactions involving this property and anyone other then the client listed above is strictly prohibited and will result in legal action.

1 - Inspection Details

General: In Attendance
Client
General: Occupancy
Furnished, Occupied
General: Type of Building
Single Family
General: Construction Type
Stick
General: Private Septic Dye Test
Not Requested
General: Temperature (approximate)
74 Fahrenheit (F)
General: Water Quality Testing
Not Requested
General: Weather Conditions
Light Rain
General: Wood Destroying Pest Inspection
Performed - See Attachments
General: Radon Testing
Sent to lab

While not required, the EPA does recommend if you are buying or selling a home that you have it tested for radon. This inspector is a Certified DEP Radon Tester #3167. EPA radon information can be found here Home Buyers and Sellers Guide to Radon.

2 - Exterior

Siding, Flashing & Trim: Exterior Material
Brick Veneer, Vinyl
Exterior Receptacles and Lighting: Protected Receptacles
No GFCI Protected
Walkways, Patios & Driveways: Driveway Material
Asphalt
Walkways, Patios & Driveways: Sidewalk Material
Concrete
Decks, Balconies, Porches & Steps: Attached structures
Covered Porch, Deck, Front Stoop
Electric Meter: Service Grounding Electrode at Meter:
Cable Beneath Slab (not visible)
Credit
Comment
2.1.1 - Siding, Flashing & Trim

Vinyl Siding - Minor Damage

A few areas of minor damage was observed to the bottom of the vinyl siding. This is typically caused by weed trimmer damage.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
2.2.1 - Exterior Receptacles and Lighting

Receptacles - No GFCI

The exterior receptacles lacked Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI)-protected electrical receptacles. For safety reasons, the Inspector recommends that all exterior electrical receptacles be provided with GFCI protection in good working order to avoid potential shock or electrocution hazards.

Electric Electrical Contractor
Credit
Comment
2.4.1 - Walkways, Patios & Driveways

Walkway - Common Cracking

A few common settling cracks were observed to the concrete sidewalk. 

Credit
Comment
2.5.1 - Decks, Balconies, Porches & Steps

Deck Boards - Decay

Multiple deck boards at this location had areas of moderate decay. Recommend a qualified deck contractor replace.

3 - Roof

Method of inspection:
Telescoping pole with HD camera
Primary roof-covering type:
Dimensional Asphalt Shingles
Number of roofing layers
One
Roof Drainage System: Drainage system description:
Gutters and downspouts installed
Ridge, Plumbing and Combustion Vents: Drain Waste Vent
Present
Chimney at Roof: Chimney flue material:
Clay tile
Chimney at Roof: General Chimney Photos
Homeowner's Maintenance Responsibility

Your job as the homeowner is to monitor the roof covering because any roof can leak. To monitor a roof that is inaccessible or that cannot be walked on safely, use binoculars. Look for deteriorating or loosening of flashing, signs of damage to the roof covering and debris that can clog valleys and gutters.

Roofs are designed to be water-resistant. Roofs are not designed to be waterproof. Eventually, the roof system will leak. No one can predict when, where or how a roof will leak. 

Every roof should be inspected every year as part of a homeowner's routine home maintenance plan. Catch problems before they become major defects.

General Roof Photos

General photos showing the roof of the home at the time of this inspection.

Asphalt Composition Shingle: Shingle Condition At This Time
Minor Normal Weathering

I observed the roof-covering material and attempted to identify its type.  

This inspection is not a guarantee that a roof leak in the future will not happen. Roofs leak.  Even a roof that appears to be in good, functional condition will leak under certain circumstances. We will not take responsibility for a roof leak that happens in the future.  This is not a warranty or guarantee of the roof system.

Roof Inspection Limited - Rain

The inspector was not able to traverse the roof due to rain on the day of this inspection. The inspection of the roof was limited to that which could be viewed from the ground by other means.

Credit
Comment
3.7.1 - Chimney at Roof

Chimney penetration -w/sealent

The chimney roof penetration point had proper flashing installed, but was also sealed using a roofing sealant. This sealant may have been originally applied as a precaution or due to a past leak in that area. Sealant will eventually dry, shrink and crack, allowing moisture intrusion with the potential to cause decay of the roof sheathing or framing, microbial growth, or damage to other home materials. This sealant should be diligently maintained in the future to avoid damage from moisture intrusion. All work should be performed by a qualified contractor.
Contractor Qualified Professional

4 - Interior

Windows: Type
Multi-pane, wood/vinyl
Walls: Wall Material
Drywall
Ceiling: Ceiling Material
Plaster
Floors: Floor Covering Material
Vinyl, Hard Wood, Tile
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Comment
4.7.1 - Stairs

Handrails Missing

Staircase had no handrails. This is a safety hazard. Recommend a qualified handyman install a handrail.

Hammer Carpentry Contractor

5 - Kitchen

Dishwasher: Brand
Kitchenaid
Dishwasher: Operational
Yes
Range/Oven/Cooktop: Cooking Applinace - Energy Source
Propane
Range/Oven/Cooktop: Operational
Yes
Range/Oven/Cooktop: Range/Oven Brand
Kenmore
Refrigerator: Brand
Whirlpool
Refrigerator: Operational
Yes
General Kitchen Pictures

Below are a few general images of the kitchen area at the time of this inspection.

Appliances
Present

Appliances are inspected for function only, Quality or extent of operation is not within the scope of the Standards of Practice. No guarantee or warranty is offered or implied.

Electrical Components: GFCI Protected Receptacles
Not Present

For added safety, Ground-fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) protection should be installed for outlets within 6 feet all water sources. If missing, this is typically an inexpensive upgrade to the homes electrical system.

Limited Appliance Inspection

The inspector does a limited cursory check of appliances at his discretion, as specified in the standard operating procedures that are followed. Appliances are tested for basic operation only. We recommend you should ask the seller about their complete functionality.

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5.1.1 - Electrical Components

Receptacles - No GFCI

The kitchen receptacles were wired correctly but lacked (GFCI) protection. The inspector recommends for safety reasons, that you consider having GFCI protection installed for outlets within 6 feet of a plumbing fixture. This is typically an inexpensive upgrade to the homes electrical system. All work should be performed by a qualified electrical contractor.

Contractor Qualified Professional

6 - Bathrooms

Ventilation: Exhaust Fans
Fan with light
Heat: Heating Source
Hydronic baseboard
Tub/Shower: Bathub / Shower:
Bathtub with shower
Electrical Receptacles, Switches and Lighting: GFCI Protected Receptacles
Present - Working

For added safety, Ground-fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) protection should be installed for outlets within 6 feet all water sources. If missing, this is typically an inexpensive upgrade to the homes electrical system.

Credit
Comment
6.7.1 - Tub/Shower

Leaking shower head

The showerhead connection leaked when the shower was operated. The inspector recommends service by a qualified plumbing contactor.

Contractor Qualified Professional
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Comment
6.7.2 - Tub/Shower

Hardware - Loose

This bathroom hardware moved significantly in the wall. This is typically cause by the hardware not being properly secured inside the wall when it was installed. This can lead to the plumbing being damaged from movement.

Contractor Qualified Professional

7 - Attic, Insulation & Ventilation

Attic Space Inspected from
Not inspected
Attic - Not Accessible

Due to stored items and the hatch being screwed shut, the inspector was unable to access the attic space during the time of this inspection. If this area is made accessible before your closing date, contact me and I may be able to schedule a courtesy attic inspection, if scheduling permits.

8 - Basement, Foundation, Crawlspace & Structure

Foundation Type
Finished Basement, Basement Garage
Foundation: Material
Concrete Masonary Unit (CMU
Foundation: Basement/Crawlspace Floor
Concrete
Foundation: Basement Egress
Basement Door, Garage Door
Foundation: Moisture Management
None
Floor Structure: Material
Wood Joists, Steel Support Columns, Framed Wall
Floor Structure: Sub-floor
OSB
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Comment
8.1.1 - Foundation

Foundation Wall - Moisture Staining

A minor amount of visible staining and elevated levels of moisture were observed in this unfinished back corner of the basement. This area should be monitored and or corrective measures be taken, such as waterproofing and or improved exterior drainage in the area.

Contractor Qualified Professional
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Comment
8.2.1 - Floor Structure

SubFlooring - Stains

This area of the subflooring had visible moisture stains. These stains appeared to be caused by high humidity conditions in the area. No elevated levels of moisture were detected in the area at the time of this inspection. The inspector would recommend monitoring and the operation of a dehumidifier.

Contractor Qualified Professional

9 - Electrical

Service Grounding - Interior: Service Grounding Electrode:
Grounding Rod (buried)
Service Disconnect: Main Disconnect Location/Type
Service Panel
Service Panel Interior/Exterior: Panel Manufacturer
Sylvania
Service Panel Interior/Exterior: Panel Capacity
200 AMP
Service Panel Interior/Exterior: Main Panel Location
Garage
Service Panel Interior/Exterior: Main disconnect rating
200 AMP
Visible Branch Wiring: Energized Wiring Type
Non Metallic Sheathed
Service Panel Interior/Exterior: Panel Equipment Photographs

General photos of the service panel exterior and interior.

Smoke Detectors / CO Alarms / Door Bell: Smoke Detector Installed / Location(s)
Battery Missing

Note: Smoke detectors are tested only for audibility and not tested using actual smoke.

Smoke Detectors / CO Alarms / Door Bell: Carbon Monoxide Alarm(s) Installed / Location(s)
No

Note: Carbon Monoxide alarms are tested only for audibility and not tested using actual Carbon Monoxide.

Smoke Detectors / CO Alarms / Door Bell: Battery Smoke Detectors - Discliamer

The inspector would recommend replacing battery operated smoke and CO detectors when moving into the property. Due to the time frame involved between this inspection and the closing date, the detector batteries may not be in the same working condition when you move into the property.

Credit
Comment
9.3.1 - Service Panel Interior/Exterior

Double Tap Breaker

One or more circuit breakers were "double tapped," where two or more wires were installed in the breaker's lug. Most breakers are designed for only one wire to be connected. This is a safety hazard since the lug bolt can tighten securely against one wire but leave other(s) loose. Arcing, sparks and fires can result. Recommend that a qualified electrician repair as necessary.

Electric Electrical Contractor
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Comment
9.3.2 - Service Panel Interior/Exterior

Breakers Tripped / Off

A breaker that appeared to be for the septic dosing pump, was shut-off inside the service panel. Consult with the property owner to determine why breakers were tripped or off, and or have this evaluated further by a qualified contractor. Note that the inspector does not operate circuit breakers.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
9.3.3 - Service Panel Interior/Exterior

Screws Missing

One or more screws are missing from one or more panel covers and should be replaced. Stock screws from the panel manufacturer should be used, or their equivalent.

Electric Electrical Contractor
Credit
Comment
9.3.4 - Service Panel Interior/Exterior

Incomplete Circuit Labeling

The inspector recommends all circuit breakers be labeled.

Contractor Qualified Professional
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Comment
9.5.1 - Visible Branch Wiring

Abandoned wiring - Not Energized
side porch

Miscellaneous abandoned wiring was visible. These may still be connected to a shut-off switch/breaker that can potentially become energized. Tracing conductors is beyond the scope of a general home inspection and the inspector would recommend further evaluation by a qualified electrical contractor.

Contractor Qualified Professional
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Comment
9.5.2 - Visible Branch Wiring

Abandoned Conductor - Energized
garage

Abandoned energized conductor were visible inside the home. This creates a shock and fire hazard which should be corrected by a qualified electrical contractor.

Contractor Qualified Professional

10 - Plumbing

Water Service Type
Public
Water Meter/Shut-of Location
Basement
Pressure Regulator Present
Yes
Supply Lines: Materials
PVC
Water Heater: Energy Source / Type
Tank, Electric
Water Heater: Capacity
80 Gallon
Water Heater: Location
Garage
Laundry: Information
240 Volt Electric, Washer Water Supply Hook-ups
Sewer Type
Private septic

Verifying the underground termination of public and or private septic systems is outside the scope of a general home inspection. The inspector recommends viewing the seller disclosure forms.

Water Heater: Equipment Photo
Water Heater: Estimated Mfg. Year
2014

NOTE: The estimated industry service life of a water heater is 10 to 12 years. Many water heaters can operate well past their estimated service life but may become more unreliable over time.

Drains, Sewage Sytem, Plumbing: Disclaimer
The inspection of private septic systems during a general home inspection is limited to functional flow and readily visible plumbing inside the home. The inspector does not inspect the integrity of buried septic components outside the home.

Because a septic system can be one of the most expensive systems in the home to repair or replace, the inspector would recommend if you have additional concerns that you have all tanks pumped and Inspected by a certified specialist.
Drains, Sewage Sytem, Plumbing: Sewage Grinder Pump and Alert System

If this home is serviced by a sewage grinder pump system, the inspection of these type of systems is not part of a general home inspection and are excluded. If you have additional concerns we recommend you contact a qualified contractor for further evaluation.

Credit
Comment
10.1.1 - Drains, Sewage Sytem, Plumbing

Leaking waste pipe

A few minor leaks were observed around these drainage pipe fittings. This should be repaired to prevent damage.

Contractor Qualified Professional
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Comment
10.1.2 - Drains, Sewage Sytem, Plumbing

Septic Tank Alarm - Light On

A red light was on at the sewage dosing pump alarm unit. The inspector would recommend asking the seller about this condition and or having the pump further evaluated by a qualified contractor.

Contractor Qualified Professional
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Comment
10.3.1 - Water Heater

TPR - Discharge Pipe Missing

The temperature/pressure relief (TPR) valve had no discharge pipe installed. If the valve were to activate while a person was nearby, that person could be badly burned. The Inspector recommends that a properly-configured TPR discharge pipe is installed by a qualified plumbing contractor. The TPR VALVE SHOULD NOT BE TESTED UNTIL A PROPER DISCHARGE PIPE HAS BEEN INSTALLED

Tools Handyman/DIY
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Comment
10.3.2 - Water Heater

Water Heater Supply Line - Leak

Active leaking and corrosion were observed on this water heater supply line.

Contractor Qualified Professional

11 - Heating

Equipment: Secondary Heat Type
Electric Baseboard
Gas Meters, Fuel Tanks and Supply Lines: Heating Fuel Source
Oil tanks - Abandoned (not in use)
Solid Fuel Heating Device (Fireplace, Woodstove): Type
Exterior Hydronic Coal Stove
Solid Fuel Heating Device (Fireplace, Woodstove): General Photos

General pictures of the solid fuel heating systems installed in the home as a secondary heating source.

Equipment: Heat Exchanger - Disclaimer

The Inspector specifically disclaims the heating system exchanger because proper evaluation requires invasive, technically exhaustive measures that exceed the scope of the General Home Inspection. Because of the age of the furnace, The Inspector recommends that you have it certified by a qualified HVAC contractor.

Gas Meters, Fuel Tanks and Supply Lines: Propane Tank - Disclaimer

Evaluation propane tanks lie beyond the scope of the general Home Inspection. The propane tanks can be evaluated by the contractor supplying the home with propane.

Solid Fuel Heating Device (Fireplace, Woodstove): Coal Stove - Disclaimer

A full inspection of coal burning appliances and their flues are beyond the scope of the General Home Inspection. For a full inspection to more accurately determine the condition of the stove and to ensure that safe conditions exist, the Inspector recommends inspection by a CSIA certified inspector before use. Find a CSIA-certified inspector near you at http://www.csia.org/search

Credit
Comment
11.4.1 - Gas Meters, Fuel Tanks and Supply Lines

Propane Tank - Leaning

The propane tank was leaning and should be placed on a more solid base to prevent damage.

Contractor Qualified Professional

12 - Garage Attached

Structure Type
Basement Garage
Vehicle Door: Automatic Opener Safety Devices
Electronic eye
Vehicle Door: Door Type
Automatic, Manual Lift
Fire Separation: Firewall Materials
None
Switches / Receptacles: GFCI Protected Receptacles
Not Present

For added safety, Ground-fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) protection should be installed for outlets within 6 feet all water sources. If missing, this is typically an inexpensive upgrade to the homes electrical system.

Credit
Comment
12.5.1 - Vehicle Door

Automatic Reverse - Improper Install

The automatic reverse photoelectric sensors of the garage doors were improperly installed in a manner to bypass the safety device. This condition is potentially dangerous to children and could cause property damage. The Inspector recommends these safety devices be installed as per the manufacturer specifications. All work should be performed by a qualified contractor.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
12.9.1 - Switches / Receptacles

No GFCI

The garage interior receptacles were grounded and function correctly but lacked GFCI protection. To bring the home up to current safety standards the inspector would recommend installing GFCI receptacles in the garage area.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
12.9.2 - Switches / Receptacles

Cover Plate Loose / Missing / Damaged

One or more cover plates for switches, receptacles (outlets) were missing. These plates are intended to contain fire and prevent electric shock from occurring due to exposed wires. Recommend that a qualified person install cover plates where necessary.

Tools Handyman/DIY
Credit
Comment
12.11.1 - Fire Separation

Non-compliant firewall

The ceiling, walls, and door separating the garage space from the living space did not meet current firewall requirements. While it's not required to bring an existing home up to current standards, the inspector would recommend the installation of a garage firewall to improve the safety of the structure.

More information about current fire-wall standards can be read here; Attached Garage Fire Containment Requirements

Contractor Qualified Professional

13 - Garage Detached

Structure Type
Detached Garage
Roofing Surface Materials: Roofing Material
Asphalt
Vehicle Door: Door Type
Manual Lift
Sub Panel: Panel Capacity
125 AMP
Sub Panel: Disconnect rating
100 Amp
Visible Branch Wiring: Wiring Type
Non Metallic Sheathed
Sub Panel: Sub Panel Equipment Photographs

General photos of the sub panel exterior and interior.

Credit
Comment
13.2.1 - Roof Structure/Sheathing

Roof Sheathing - Stains

The roof sheathing had visible decay and moisture staining along the ridge vent at this location. This is typically caused by improper fasting of the ridge vent cap.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
13.8.1 - Sub Panel

Gaps in cover

This sub-panel dead front cover had one or more gaps where circuit breakers were missing. This condition may allow a person to come into contact with energized electrical components. These gaps should be filled with twist-out blanks designed for this purpose.  This potential shock/electrocution hazard should be corrected by a qualified electrical contractor.
Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
13.9.1 - Switches / Receptacles

No GFCI

The garage interior receptacles were grounded and function correctly but lacked GFCI protection. To bring the home up to current safety standards the inspector would recommend installing GFCI receptacles in the garage area.

Contractor Qualified Professional
Credit
Comment
13.9.2 - Switches / Receptacles

Cover Plate Loose / Missing / Damaged

One or more cover plates for switches were missing. These plates are intended to contain fire and prevent electric shock from occurring due to exposed wires. Recommend that a qualified person install cover plates where necessary.

Tools Handyman/DIY
Credit
Comment
13.9.3 - Switches / Receptacles

No Power

Multiple garage electric receptacles (outlets) had no power and appeared to be not connected.

Electric Electrical Contractor
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Comment
13.10.1 - Visible Branch Wiring

Abandoned wiring

While not energized at the time of this inspection, the inspector would recommend all interior and exterior abandoned conductors be properly terminated inside a junction box or removed.

Contractor Qualified Professional