The home inspection performed is a limited visual inspection to identify systems and components in need of immediate repair. The inspection will conform to the Standards of Practice of the InterNACHI and will include the following systems: roof, structure, electrical, interior plumbing, heating and cooling, exterior siding and trim, doors and windows, chimneys and fireplaces, driveways, walkways and site grading. The evaluation will be based on observations that are primarily visual and non-invasive. The inspection and report are not intended to be technically exhaustive. This written report is a summary of observations and unbiased opinions and is based on the experience of the inspector.
This report is a "snapshot" of the property on the date of the inspection. The structure and all related components will continue to deteriorate/wear out with time and may not be in the same condition at the close of escrow.
Anywhere in the report that the inspector recommends further review, it is strongly recommended that this be done PRIOR TO THE CLOSE OF ESCROW. This report is not intended for use by anyone other than the
client named herein. No other persons should rely upon the information in this report. Client agrees to indemnify, defend and hold inspector harmless from any third party claims arising out of client's unauthorized
distribution of the inspection report.
This Inspection Report outlines and defines the areas of the home that were inspected, as well as indicating any items that were not inspected, the reason they were not inspected, and general statements of what is commonly included and excluded during an inspection. This written Inspection Report, together with a home inspection agreement, and any reports for additional services ordered, represent the final statement on the condition of the home when inspected and the final statement on what was included and/or excluded in the inspection.
1) Maintenance Item - These are repairs that, in the opinion of the inspector, are regular maintenance items typical for all homes. Repair to these items is not urgent, but should be performed in the near future.
2) Repair Recommendation - The item, component or unit was inspected/tested, and is not functioning as intended. Repair or replacement is needed by a qualified specialist.
3) Further Evaluation Recommended - The item, component or unit need to be further evaluated by a professional and was not fully inspected or has concerns that need further review by a specialist.
SCOPE AND TERMS OF INSPECTION:
This confidential report is furnished for the use of the client only. It is not intended to be relied upon for any purpose by any other party not named on the report and Inspection Agreement. This inspection was performed in accordance with and under the terms of a Home Inspection Agreement. The agreement was signed and agreed upon before the preparation of this report and a signed copy of the agreement is available upon request. Yellowstone Home Inspections conducts all inspections according to the InterNACHI Standards of Practice and Code of Ethics. The complete standards can be reviewed at the following location; https://www.nachi.org/sop.htm
Limitations exist in any home inspection. The inspector cannot see behind walls or behind hidden areas in the home. The belongings of the current occupant of the home are not moved to view areas underneath or behind such belongings. Additionally, the inspection is not a test for hazardous materials, such as asbestos, lead paint, mold, or other environmental hazards. If the inspector observes materials which inspector believes may contain hazardous materials, the Inspector will recommend further testing and evaluation. Any comments, notes or recommendations made by the inspector are informational only, and Client understands that only proper hazardous testing can determine whether any actual hazardous materials are present. The inspector is also not qualified to detect the presence of Chinese Drywall. Nothing herein shall be construed so as to require the inspector to observe or to warn Client as to potential hazardous materials. Any investigation concerning the existence or possible existence of potentially hazardous materials in any form is beyond the scope of the inspection services offered by Yellowstone Home Inspections.
By accepting this inspection report, you acknowledge that you have reviewed and are in agreement with all of the terms contained in the standard contract provided by the inspector who prepared this report.
For attention to the condition(s) noted below, and/or cost estimates, if necessary, we recommend the advice and services of a qualified professional in that area.
We make no representations as to the extent or presence of code violations, nor do we warrant the legal use of this building. This information would have to be obtained from the local building and/or zoning department.
As with any recently refinished and freshly painted surface, the house may have conditions present that were not readily apparent at the time of our inspection. We do not suggest that our inspection has identified all such conditions.
We make no attempt to list all cosmetic flaws and suggest that most of these deficiencies will be addressed by normal maintenance and upgrading.
Due to the presence of personal belongings, access to portions of the area were effectively blocked at the time of our inspection. A 'walk-through' is recommended when the area is cleared and accessible.
Our observations regarding evidence of pests is not a substitute for inspection by a licensed pest control operator or exterminator. We report current visible conditions only and cannot render an opinion regarding their cause or remediation.
As preventive maintenance, caulking and sealing the gaps in the exterior of the building around the doors, windows, plumbing and electrical entry points will help prevent heat loss, cold air infiltration and moisture entry.
There may be information pertinent to this property which is a matter of public record. A search of public records is not within the scope of this inspection. We recommend the client or their representative review all appropriate public records.
The scope of this inspection is limited to reasonably accessible areas and limited time frame. We make no attempt to move furnishings, stored personal property, and/or vegetation. Although no problems are anticipated, removal of these items may reveal reportable items.
A driveway and/or street is shared with other properties. To determine if maintenance-sharing or liability agreements are in effect regarding the driveway or street, consult the owner of the subject property, neighboring owners or public records.
A roof system consists of the surface materials, connections, penetrations and drainage (gutters and downspouts). We visually review these components for damage and deterioration and do not perform any destructive testing. If we find conditions suggesting damage, improper application, or limited remaining service life, these will be noted. We may also offer opinions concerning repair and replacement. Opinions stated herein concerning the roof are based on a limited visual inspection. These do not constitute a warranty that the roof is, or will remain, free of leaks.
I. The inspector shall inspect from ground level or the eaves: A. the roof-covering materials; B. the gutters; C. the downspouts; D. the vents, flashing, skylights, chimney, and other roof penetrations; and E. the general structure of the roof from the readily accessible panels, doors or stairs. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of roof-covering materials. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. observed indications of active roof leaks. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. walk on any roof surface. B. predict the service life expectancy. C. inspect underground downspout diverter drainage pipes. D. remove snow, ice, debris or other conditions that prohibit the observation of the roof surfaces. E. move insulation. F. inspect antennae, satellite dishes, lightning arresters, de-icing equipment, or similar attachments. G. walk on any roof areas that appear, in the inspectors opinion, to be unsafe. H. walk on any roof areas if doing so might, in the inspector's opinion, cause damage. I. perform a water test. J. warrant or certify the roof. K. confirm proper fastening or installation of any roof-covering material.
There are exposed fasteners at one or more locations. Recommend this are sealed to stop water intrusion.
The roof surface appears to have been properly installed and is in good condition.
A visual inspection of the exterior surfaces was performed around the home to include the exterior surface material, soffit/fascia surfaces, doors and windows, and other exterior surface areas.
The outside of the home should be routinely checked. Exteriors need regular maintenance to stay sealed against the weather. There can be hidden damage when the exterior is not sealed or is poorly finished, damaged or decayed. Heavy vegetation should be kept trimmed since it can cause or hide damage.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the exterior wall-covering materials, flashing and trim; B. all exterior doors; C. adjacent walkways and driveways; D. stairs, steps, stoops, stairways and ramps; E. porches, patios, decks, balconies and carports; F. railings, guards and handrails; G. the eaves, soffits and fascia; H. a representative number of windows; and I. vegetation, surface drainage, retaining walls and grading of the property, where they may adversely affect the structure due to moisture intrusion. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of exterior wall-covering materials. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any improper spacing between intermediate balusters, spindles and rails. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect or operate screens, storm windows, shutters, awnings, fences, outbuildings, or exterior accent lighting. B. inspect items that are not visible or readily accessible from the ground, including window and door flashing. C. inspect or identify geological, geotechnical, hydrological or soil conditions. D. inspect recreational facilities or playground equipment. E. inspect seawalls, breakwalls or docks. F. inspect erosion-control or earth-stabilization measures. G. inspect for safety-type glass. H. inspect underground utilities. I. inspect underground items. J. inspect wells or springs. K. inspect solar, wind or geothermal systems. L. inspect swimming pools or spas. M. inspect wastewater treatment systems, septic systems or cesspools. N. inspect irrigation or sprinkler systems. O. inspect drainfields or dry wells. P. determine the integrity of multiple-pane window glazing or thermal window seals.
There are unsealed joints in the siding that may allow water penetration. We recommend the joints be caulked and sealed to prevent leakage and damage.
Door finish is worn. Recommend refinish and/or paint to maximize service life.
Here is a DIY article on refinishing a wood door.
Minor cosmetic cracks observed, which may indicate movement in the soil. Recommend monitor and/or have concrete contractor patch/seal.
There is a gap underneath the driveway/walkway. This is a weak area which will eventually lead to failure. Recommend this is reviewed by a concrete contractor.
The soffits are damaged at one or more areas. We recommend the damaged components be repaired or replaced.
There are voids in the fire-resistant barrier between the garage and interior. We recommend these voids be patched to restore the required fire separation between the garage and the occupied interior.
Door from garage to home should have self-closing hinges to help prevent spread of a fire to living space. Recommend a qualified contractor install self-closing hinges.
The attic contains the roof framing and serves as a raceway for components of the mechanical systems. There are often heating ducts, electrical wiring and appliance vents in the attic. We visually examine the attic components for proper function, excessive or unusual wear, general state of repair, leakage, venting and misguided improvements. Where walking in an unfinished attic can result in damage to the ceiling, inspection is from the access opening only. Insulation, weather-stripping, dampers, double-glazed glass and set-back thermostats are features that help reduce heat loss and/or gain and increase system and appliance efficiency. Our visual inspection includes review to determine if these features are present in representative locations and we may offer suggestions for upgrading. Our review of insulation is based upon uniformly insulated or are insulated to current standards. It is our opinion that all homes could benefit from energy conservation upgrades, and we suggest
that you consult professionals.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. insulation in unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces and foundation areas; B. ventilation of unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces and foundation areas; and C. mechanical exhaust systems in the kitchen, bathrooms and laundry area. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of insulation observed; and B. the approximate average depth of insulation observed at the unfinished attic floor area or roof structure. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. the general absence of insulation or ventilation in unfinished spaces. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. enter the attic or any unfinished spaces that are not readily accessible, or where entry could cause damage or, in the inspector's opinion, pose a safety hazard. B. move, touch or disturb insulation. C. move, touch or disturb vapor retarders. D. break or otherwise damage the surface finish or weather seal on or around access panels or covers. E. identify the composition or R-value of insulation material. F. activate thermostatically operated fans. G. determine the types of materials used in insulation or wrapping of pipes, ducts, jackets, boilers or wiring. H. determine the adequacy of ventilation.
Our review of the interior includes inspection of walls, ceilings, floors, doors, windows, steps, stairways, balconies and railings. These features are visually examined for proper function, excessive wear and general state of repair. Some of these components may not be visible/accessible because of furnishings and/or storage. In such cases these items are not inspected.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. a representative number of doors and windows by opening and closing them; B. floors, walls and ceilings; C. stairs, steps, landings, stairways and ramps; D. railings, guards and handrails; and E. garage vehicle doors and the operation of garage vehicle door openers, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. a garage vehicle door as manually-operated or installed with a garage door opener. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. improper spacing between intermediate balusters, spindles and rails for steps, stairways, guards and railings; B. photo-electric safety sensors that did not operate properly; and C. any window that was obviously fogged or displayed other evidence of broken seals. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect paint, wallpaper, window treatments or finish treatments. B. inspect floor coverings or carpeting. C. inspect central vacuum systems. D. inspect for safety glazing. E. inspect security systems or components. F. evaluate the fastening of islands, countertops, cabinets, sink tops or fixtures. G. move furniture, stored items, or any coverings, such as carpets or rugs, in order to inspect the concealed floor structure. H. move suspended-ceiling tiles. I. inspect or move any household appliances. J. inspect or operate equipment housed in the garage, except as otherwise noted. K. verify or certify the proper operation of any pressure-activated auto-reverse or related safety feature of a garage door. L. operate or evaluate any security bar release and opening mechanisms, whether interior or exterior, including their compliance with local, state or federal standards. M. operate any system, appliance or component that requires the use of special keys, codes, combinations or devices. N. operate or evaluate self-cleaning oven cycles, tilt guards/latches, or signal lights. O. inspect microwave ovens or test leakage from microwave ovens. P. operate or examine any sauna, steamgenerating equipment, kiln, toaster, ice maker, coffee maker, can opener, bread warmer, blender, instant hot-water dispenser, or other small, ancillary appliances or devices. Q. inspect elevators. R. inspect remote controls. S. inspect appliances. T. inspect items not permanently installed. U. discover firewall compromises. V. inspect pools, spas or fountains. W. determine the adequacy of whirlpool or spa jets, water force, or bubble effects. X. determine the structural integrity or leakage of pools or spas.
One or more faucet escutcheons are loose. We recommend tightening and/or sealing these trim pieces for a better appearance and to avoid leakage in these areas.
Excessive caulking was noted at the shower walls which may suggest past leakage and substandard workmanship. Consult owner/occupant.
The kitchen is visually inspected for proper function of components, active leakage, excessive or unusual wear, and general state of repair. We inspect built-in appliances to the extent possible using normal operating controls. Freestanding stoves are operated, but refrigerators, small appliances, portable dishwashers, and microwave ovens are not tested.
A plumbing system consists of the domestic water supply lines, drain, waste and vent lines and gas lines. Inspection of the plumbing system is limited to visible faucets, fixtures, valves, drains, traps, exposed pipes and fittings. These items are examined for proper function, excessive or unusual wear, leakage, and general state of repair. The hidden nature of piping prevents inspection of every pipe and joint. A sewer lateral test, necessary to determine the condition of the underground sewer lines, is beyond the scope of this inspection If desired, a qualified individual could be retained for such a test. Our review of the plumbing system does not include landscape watering, fire suppression systems, private water supply/waste disposal systems, or recalled plumbing supplies. Review of these systems requires a qualified and licensed specialist.
In an emergency, you may need to know where to shut off the gas, the water and/or the electrical system. We have listed below these controls and their location for your convenience. We urge that you familiarize yourself with their location and operation.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the main water supply shut-off valve; B. the main fuel supply shut-off valve; C. the water heating equipment, including the energy source, venting connections, temperature/pressure-relief (TPR) valves, Watts 210 valves, and seismic bracing; D. interior water supply, including all fixtures and faucets, by running the water; E. all toilets for proper operation by flushing; F. all sinks, tubs and showers for functional drainage; G. the drain, waste and vent system; and H. drainage sump pumps with accessible floats. II. The inspector shall describe: A. whether the water supply is public or private based upon observed evidence; B. the location of the main water supply shut-off valve; C. the location of the main fuel supply shut-off valve; D. the location of any observed fuel-storage system; and E. the capacity of the water heating equipment, if labeled. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. deficiencies in the water supply by viewing the functional flow in two fixtures operated simultaneously; B. deficiencies in the installation of hot and cold water faucets; C. mechanical drain stops that were missing or did not operate if installed in sinks, lavatories and tubs; and D. toilets that were damaged, had loose connections to the floor, were leaking, or had tank components that did not operate. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. light or ignite pilot flames. B. measure the capacity, temperature, age, life expectancy or adequacy of the water heater. C. inspect the interior of flues or chimneys, combustion air systems, water softener or filtering systems, well pumps or tanks, safety or shut-off valves, floor drains, lawn sprinkler systems, or fire sprinkler systems. D. determine the exact flow rate, volume, pressure, temperature or adequacy of the water supply. E. determine the water quality, potability or reliability of the water supply or source. F. open sealed plumbing access panels. G. inspect clothes washing machines or their connections. H. operate any valve. I. test shower pans, tub and shower surrounds or enclosures for leakage or functional overflow protection. J. evaluate the compliance with conservation, energy or building standards, or the proper design or sizing of any water, waste or venting components, fixtures or piping. K. determine the effectiveness of anti-siphon, backflow prevention or drain-stop devices. L. determine whether there are sufficient cleanouts for effective cleaning of drains. M. evaluate fuel storage tanks or supply systems. N. inspect wastewater treatment systems. O. inspect water treatment systems or water filters. P. inspect water storage tanks, pressure pumps, or bladder tanks. Q. evaluate wait time to obtain hot water at fixtures, or perform testing of any kind to water heater elements. R. evaluate or determine the adequacy of combustion air. S. test, operate, open or close: safety controls, manual stop valves, temperature/pressure-relief valves, control valves, or check valves. T. examine ancillary or auxiliary systems or components, such as, but not limited to, those related to solar water heating and hot water circulation. U. determine the existence or condition of polybutylene plumbing. V. inspect or test for gas or fuel leaks, or indications thereof.
A distinct gas odor was detected, indicating a leak. We recommend the source of the odor be determined and that the leak be repaired by the appropriate utility company technician or licensed plumbing contractor.
Location: In the attic
Unit type: Boiler with a separate storage tank
Our review of water heaters includes the tank, water and gas connections, electrical connections, venting and safety valves. These items are examined for proper function, excessive or unusual wear, leakage and general state of repair. We do not fully review tankless/on-demand systems and suggest you consult a specialist. The hidden nature of piping and venting prevents inspection of every pipe, joint, vent and connection.
The temperature and pressure relief valve discharge pipe is not routed to an approved location. We recommend it be relocated.
The discharge pipe must be a rigid copper or steel pipe of the same diameter as the outlet fitting on the relief valve. We recommend the existing nonconforming material be replaced with approved pipe.
The water connections are corroded and leakage may become apparent over time. These connections should be monitored for leakage and repaired or replaced if necessary.
The pad supporting the outdoor condensing has settled, leaving the unit out of level. The connections can be stressed and accelerated wear of the bearings and other components may occur. We recommend the unit be leveled.
The Delta T witch is the droop from the temperature on return air to the supply air side. Appears to be inadequate only dropping the temperature -8 degrees. This should be anywhere between -12 to -18 degrees. We recommend this unit is reviewed by a licensed HVAC contractor.
The suction line is the big line between the evaporator and the compressor. The line was cool when the air conditioning system was operating, but not cold as it should be. Recommend review by a licensed HVAC contractor.
A heating system consists of the heating equipment, operating and safety controls, venting and the means of distribution. These items are visually examined for proper function, excessive or unusual wear and general state of repair. This is a non-evasive, basic function review only. We do not dismantle, uncover or calculate efficiency of any system. Regular servicing and inspection of heating systems is encouraged.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the heating system, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the location of the thermostat for the heating system; B. the energy source; and C. the heating method. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any heating system that did not operate; and B. if the heating system was deemed inaccessible. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect or evaluate the interior of flues or chimneys, fire chambers, heat exchangers, combustion air systems, fresh-air intakes, humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters, geothermal systems, or solar heating systems. B. inspect fuel tanks or underground or concealed fuel supply systems. C. determine the uniformity, temperature, flow, balance, distribution, size, capacity, BTU, or supply adequacy of the heating system. D. light or ignite pilot flames. E. activate heating, heat pump systems, or other heating systems when ambient temperatures or other circumstances are not conducive to safe operation or may damage the equipment. F. override electronic thermostats. G. evaluate fuel quality. H. verify thermostat calibration, heat anticipation, or automatic setbacks, timers, programs or clocks.
There was corrosion noted in the exhaust ventilation. Recommend further evaluation by a licensed plumber/ HVAC contractor.
The basement, crawl spaces, and foundation is where much of the building's structural elements and many of its mechanical systems are located. These include foundation, structural framing, electrical, plumbing and heating. Each accessible component and system is examined for proper function, excessive, or unusual wear and general state of repair. It is not unusual to find occasional moisture in basement, crawl spaces, and foundation. Substantial and/or frequent water accumulation can adversely affect the building foundation and support system and would indicate the need for further evaluation by a specialist. Although observed in the basement, some items will be reported under the individual systems to which the belong.
The foundation slab was inaccessible because of finished surfaces.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the foundation; B. the basement; C. the crawlspace; and D. structural components. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of foundation; and B. the location of the access to the under-floor space. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. observed indications of wood in contact with or near soil; B. observed indications of active water penetration; C. observed indications of possible foundation movement, such as sheetrock cracks, brick cracks, out-of-square door frames, and unlevel floors; and D. any observed cutting, notching and boring of framing members that may, in the inspector's opinion, present a structural or safety concern. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. enter any crawlspace that is not readily accessible, or where entry could cause damage or pose a hazard to him/herself. B. move stored items or debris. C. operate sump pumps with inaccessible floats. D. identify the size, spacing, span or location or determine the adequacy of foundation bolting, bracing, joists, joist spans or support systems. E. provide any engineering or architectural service. F. report on the adequacy of any structural system or component.
An electrical system consists of the service, distribution, wiring and convenience outlets (switches, lights, and receptacles). Our examination of the electrical system includes the exposed and accessible conductors, branch circuitry, panels, overcurrent protection devices, and a random sampling of convenience outlets. We look for adverse conditions such as improper installation, exposed wiring, running splices, reversed polarity and circuit protection devices. We do not evaluate fusing and/or calculate circuit loads. The hidden nature of the electrical wiring prevents inspection of every length of wire.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the service drop; B. the overhead service conductors and attachment point; C. the service head, gooseneck and drip loops; D. the service mast, service conduit and raceway; E. the electric meter and base; F. service-entrance conductors; G. the main service disconnect; H. panelboards and over-current protection devices (circuit breakers and fuses); I. service grounding and bonding; J. a representative number of switches, lighting fixtures and receptacles, including receptacles observed and deemed to be arc-fault circuit interrupter (AFCI)-protected using the AFCI test button, where possible; K. all ground-fault circuit interrupter receptacles and circuit breakers observed and deemed to be GFCIs using a GFCI tester, where possible; and L. smoke and carbon-monoxide detectors. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the main service disconnect's amperage rating, if labeled; and B. the type of wiring observed. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. deficiencies in the integrity of the serviceentrance conductors insulation, drip loop, and vertical clearances from grade and roofs; B. any unused circuit-breaker panel opening that was not filled; C. the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch-circuit wiring, if readily visible; D. any tested receptacle in which power was not present, polarity was incorrect, the cover was not in place, the GFCI devices were not properly installed or did not operate properly, evidence of arcing or excessive heat, and where the receptacle was not grounded or was not secured to the wall; and E. the absence of smoke detectors. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. insert any tool, probe or device into the main panelboard, sub-panels, distribution panelboards, or electrical fixtures. B. operate electrical systems that are shut down. C. remove panelboard cabinet covers or dead fronts. D. operate or re-set over-current protection devices or overload devices. E. operate or test smoke or carbon-monoxide detectors or alarms F. inspect, operate or test any security, fire or alarms systems or components, or other warning or signaling systems. G. measure or determine the amperage or voltage of the main service equipment, if not visibly labeled. H. inspect ancillary wiring or remote-control devices. I. activate any electrical systems or branch circuits that are not energized. J. inspect low-voltage systems, electrical de-icing tapes, swimming pool wiring, or any timecontrolled devices. K. verify the service ground. L. inspect private or emergency electrical supply sources, including, but not limited to: generators, windmills, photovoltaic solar collectors, or battery or electrical storage facility. M. inspect spark or lightning arrestors. N. inspect or test de-icing equipment. O. conduct voltage-drop calculations. P. determine the accuracy of labeling. Q. inspect exterior lighting.
One or more of the receptacles are missing cover plates. We recommend they be replaced to reduce the risk of electrical shorts and hazardous shocks.
More smoke/carbon monoxide detectors will be required in this building to ensure adequate safety for the occupants in the event of an emergency. We recommend placement in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Laundry areas and/or laundry rooms are visually inspected for general state of repair. Due to their hidden nature, we do not review appliances, connections, hookups, or venting.
Laundry areas and/or laundry rooms are visually inspected for general state of repair. Due to their hidden nature, we do not review appliances, connections, hookups, or venting.
Environmental issues include but are not limited to radon, fungi/mold, asbestos, lead paint, lead contamination, toxic waste, formaldehyde, electromagnetic radiation, buried fuel oil tanks, ground water contamination and soil contamination. We are not trained or licensed to recognize or discuss any of these materials. We may make reference to one of more of these materials in this report when we recognize one of the common forms of these substances. If further study or analysis seems prudent, the advice and services of the appropriate specialists are advised.