Gutters were clear at time of inspection. Regularly clean gutters to prevent overflows and potential damage to foundation. Proper roof drainage is one of the most important protections for your home from water intrusion.
|2.2||Roof Drainage Systems||X||X|
|2.4||Skylights, Chimneys & Other Roof Penetrations||X||X|
Gutters were clear at time of inspection. Regularly clean gutters to prevent overflows and potential damage to foundation. Proper roof drainage is one of the most important protections for your home from water intrusion.
I. The inspector shall inspect from ground level or the eaves: A. the roof-covering materials; B. the gutters; C. the downspouts; D. the vents, flashing, skylights, chimney, and other roof penetrations; and E. the general structure of the roof from the readily accessible panels, doors or stairs. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of roof-covering materials. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. observed indications of active roof leaks. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. walk on any roof surface. B. predict the service life expectancy. C. inspect underground downspout diverter drainage pipes. D. remove snow, ice, debris or other conditions that prohibit the observation of the roof surfaces. E. move insulation. F. inspect antennae, satellite dishes, lightning arresters, de-icing equipment, or similar attachments. G. walk on any roof areas that appear, in the inspectors opinion, to be unsafe. H. walk on any roof areas if doing so might, in the inspector's opinion, cause damage. I. perform a water test. J. warrant or certify the roof. K. confirm proper fastening or installation of any roof-covering material.
The asphalt shingle roof shows signs of delamination. Delamination is separation of the surface layer of asphalt. Recommend a qualified roofing contractor evaluate and repair to prevent further deterioration that results in leaking and moisture intrusion.
Multiple layers of roof present. Multiple layers of roofing material can affect the warranty on the roof. Multiple layers of roofing are associated with shortened life on the roof covering. The costs of tearing off multiple layers of roofing also typically exceed the costs of tearing off a single layer.
Downspout is disconnected at the foundation. This can lead to leaks inside of the basement and deterioration of the foundation. I recommend completing the connection between the downspout to the storm sewer line to prevent damage and moisture penetration.
Flashings observed to be loose or separated, which can lead to water intrusion and/or mold. Recommend a qualified roofing contractor repair.
No chimney cap was observed. This is important to protect from moisture intrusion and protect the chimney. Recommend a qualified roofer or chimney expert install.
|3.1||Siding, Flashing & Trim||X||X|
|3.3||Walkways, Patios & Driveways||X||X|
|3.4||Decks, Balconies, Porches & Steps||X||X|
|3.5||Eaves, Soffits & Fascia||X|
|3.6||Vegetation, Grading, Drainage & Retaining Walls||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the exterior wall-covering materials, flashing and trim; B. all exterior doors; C. adjacent walkways and driveways; D. stairs, steps, stoops, stairways and ramps; E. porches, patios, decks, balconies and carports; F. railings, guards and handrails; G. the eaves, soffits and fascia; H. a representative number of windows; and I. vegetation, surface drainage, retaining walls and grading of the property, where they may adversely affect the structure due to moisture intrusion. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of exterior wall-covering materials. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any improper spacing between intermediate balusters, spindles and rails. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect or operate screens, storm windows, shutters, awnings, fences, outbuildings, or exterior accent lighting. B. inspect items that are not visible or readily accessible from the ground, including window and door flashing. C. inspect or identify geological, geotechnical, hydrological or soil conditions. D. inspect recreational facilities or playground equipment. E. inspect seawalls, breakwalls or docks. F. inspect erosion-control or earth-stabilization measures. G. inspect for safety-type glass. H. inspect underground utilities. I. inspect underground items. J. inspect wells or springs. K. inspect solar, wind or geothermal systems. L. inspect swimming pools or spas. M. inspect wastewater treatment systems, septic systems or cesspools. N. inspect irrigation or sprinkler systems. O. inspect drainfields or dry wells. P. determine the integrity of multiple-pane window glazing or thermal window seals.
Some areas of brickwork were spalling. This is from water freezing under the surface of the brick. If you wish to restore the appearance I recommend contacting a qualified mason.
Trim around one or more doors and/or windows is rotted/deteriorated. Replace wood where necessary and properly prime and paint.
One or more areas of the siding exhibit minor wood rot. I recommend replacing rotted sections of wood and re painting.
One or more pieces of door hardware are damaged. The back screen door does not close properly due to being bent. Recommend repair or replace.
Minor cosmetic cracks observed, which may indicate movement in the soil. Recommend monitor and/or have concrete contractor patch/seal.
Uneven surfaces exist on the walkways. This can cause a trip hazard. Recommend qualified concrete contractor level cement.
One or more areas of the sidewalk slope towards the home. This directs water towards the foundation and could lead to water intrusion or damage to the foundation. I recommend a concrete contractor evaluate and repair the sloped areas.
One or more deck boards were observed to be loose. Recommend they be refastened.
Here is a helpful article for minor DIY deck repair.
Deck is showing signs of weathering and/or water damage. Recommend sanding the surface and applying water sealant/weatherproofing.
A handrail is loose. I recommend securing the handrail to prevent trips/falls.
There is a leak in the valve on the exterior spigot that is evident when the spigot is operated. Recommend replacing o ring on spigot.
|4.2||Vapor Retarders (Crawlspace or Basement)||X|
Minimum recommended inches of insulation by type:
Fiberglass Batts - 11.875 inches = ~ R38
Vermiculite or perlite granules - 14.07 inches = ~R38
Cellulose (shredded newspaper) - 10.27 inches = ~R38
Rock Wool (dense gray bats) - 13.57 inches = ~R38
Loose Fiberglass fibers (pink, yellow or white) - 15.2 inches = ~R38
R-38 to R-60 insulation is recommended in attics in this area of Ohio by the Insulation institute.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. insulation in unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces and foundation areas; B. ventilation of unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces and foundation areas; and C. mechanical exhaust systems in the kitchen, bathrooms and laundry area. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of insulation observed; and B. the approximate average depth of insulation observed at the unfinished attic floor area or roof structure. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. the general absence of insulation or ventilation in unfinished spaces. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. enter the attic or any unfinished spaces that are not readily accessible, or where entry could cause damage or, in the inspector's opinion, pose a safety hazard. B. move, touch or disturb insulation. C. move, touch or disturb vapor retarders. D. break or otherwise damage the surface finish or weather seal on or around access panels or covers. E. identify the composition or R-value of insulation material. F. activate thermostatically operated fans. G. determine the types of materials used in insulation or wrapping of pipes, ducts, jackets, boilers or wiring. H. determine the adequacy of ventilation.
There was evidence of a prior leak in the attic. At the time of inspection the area was dry to the touch and elevated moisture was not detected with a moisture meter. This indicates that the issue may have been corrected and was not active in the days leading up to the inspection. I recommend monitoring the area for changes and make corrections if necessary.
Insulation depth was inadequate when compared to todays standards. Typically homes built today contain R38 or higher in the attic. Adding insulation to the attic can help to reduce energy bills and increase comfort. I recommend a qualified attic insulation contractor to evaluate and install additional insulation.
|5.6||Steps, Stairways & Railings||X|
|5.7||Countertops & Cabinets||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. a representative number of doors and windows by opening and closing them; B. floors, walls and ceilings; C. stairs, steps, landings, stairways and ramps; D. railings, guards and handrails; and E. garage vehicle doors and the operation of garage vehicle door openers, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. a garage vehicle door as manually-operated or installed with a garage door opener. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. improper spacing between intermediate balusters, spindles and rails for steps, stairways, guards and railings; B. photo-electric safety sensors that did not operate properly; and C. any window that was obviously fogged or displayed other evidence of broken seals. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect paint, wallpaper, window treatments or finish treatments. B. inspect floor coverings or carpeting. C. inspect central vacuum systems. D. inspect for safety glazing. E. inspect security systems or components. F. evaluate the fastening of islands, countertops, cabinets, sink tops or fixtures. G. move furniture, stored items, or any coverings, such as carpets or rugs, in order to inspect the concealed floor structure. H. move suspended-ceiling tiles. I. inspect or move any household appliances. J. inspect or operate equipment housed in the garage, except as otherwise noted. K. verify or certify the proper operation of any pressure-activated auto-reverse or related safety feature of a garage door. L. operate or evaluate any security bar release and opening mechanisms, whether interior or exterior, including their compliance with local, state or federal standards. M. operate any system, appliance or component that requires the use of special keys, codes, combinations or devices. N. operate or evaluate self-cleaning oven cycles, tilt guards/latches, or signal lights. O. inspect microwave ovens or test leakage from microwave ovens. P. operate or examine any sauna, steamgenerating equipment, kiln, toaster, ice maker, coffee maker, can opener, bread warmer, blender, instant hot-water dispenser, or other small, ancillary appliances or devices. Q. inspect elevators. R. inspect remote controls. S. inspect appliances. T. inspect items not permanently installed. U. discover firewall compromises. V. inspect pools, spas or fountains. W. determine the adequacy of whirlpool or spa jets, water force, or bubble effects. X. determine the structural integrity or leakage of pools or spas.
Door sticks and is tough to open. Recommend sanding down offending sides.
Here is a helpful DIY article on how to fix a sticking door.
Damage is visible on one or more doors. The closet door in the 2nd floor bedroom (back left) has damage to the track which causes the door to come off track whenever it is opened. Recommend repair or replacement by qualified handyman.
The glass was cracked on one or more windows. I recommend having the cracked glass replaced by a qualified window/glass professional.
Missing handle on window
Floors had areas of visible moisture damage.he floor in front of the kitchen sink is soft when stepped on. Recommend a qualified flooring contractor evaluate & repair areas of moisture.
I inspect appliances for their current working condition. I cannot predict the lifespan or remaining life of an appliance. Generally speaking it is prudent to plan for eventual replacement for any appliance that is not in its warranty period.
10.1 The inspector shall inspect: F. installed ovens, ranges, surface cooking appliances, microwave ovens, dishwashing machines, and food waste grinders by using normal operating controls to activate the primary function. 10.2 The inspector is NOT required to inspect: G. installed and free-standing kitchen and laundry appliances not listed in Section 10.1.F. H. appliance thermostats including their calibration, adequacy of heating elements, self cleaning oven cycles, indicator lights, door seals, timers, clocks, timed features, and other specialized features of the appliance. I. operate, or con rm the operation of every control and feature of an inspected appliance.
Garbage disposal was inoperable at the time of inspection. It also leaks from the bottom when the water in the sink is ran. Recommend qualified plumber replace the unit.
|7.1||Service Entrance Conductors||X||X|
|7.2||Main & Subpanels, Service & Grounding, Main Overcurrent Device||X||X|
|7.3||Branch Wiring Circuits, Breakers & Fuses||X|
|7.4||Lighting Fixtures, Switches & Receptacles||X|
|7.5||GFCI & AFCI||X||X|
|7.7||Carbon Monoxide Detectors||X|
Weather head and drip loop properly installed
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the service drop; B. the overhead service conductors and attachment point; C. the service head, gooseneck and drip loops; D. the service mast, service conduit and raceway; E. the electric meter and base; F. service-entrance conductors; G. the main service disconnect; H. panelboards and over-current protection devices (circuit breakers and fuses); I. service grounding and bonding; J. a representative number of switches, lighting fixtures and receptacles, including receptacles observed and deemed to be arc-fault circuit interrupter (AFCI)-protected using the AFCI test button, where possible; K. all ground-fault circuit interrupter receptacles and circuit breakers observed and deemed to be GFCIs using a GFCI tester, where possible; and L. smoke and carbon-monoxide detectors. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the main service disconnect's amperage rating, if labeled; and B. the type of wiring observed. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. deficiencies in the integrity of the serviceentrance conductors insulation, drip loop, and vertical clearances from grade and roofs; B. any unused circuit-breaker panel opening that was not filled; C. the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch-circuit wiring, if readily visible; D. any tested receptacle in which power was not present, polarity was incorrect, the cover was not in place, the GFCI devices were not properly installed or did not operate properly, evidence of arcing or excessive heat, and where the receptacle was not grounded or was not secured to the wall; and E. the absence of smoke detectors. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. insert any tool, probe or device into the main panelboard, sub-panels, distribution panelboards, or electrical fixtures. B. operate electrical systems that are shut down. C. remove panelboard cabinet covers or dead fronts. D. operate or re-set over-current protection devices or overload devices. E. operate or test smoke or carbon-monoxide detectors or alarms F. inspect, operate or test any security, fire or alarms systems or components, or other warning or signaling systems. G. measure or determine the amperage or voltage of the main service equipment, if not visibly labeled. H. inspect ancillary wiring or remote-control devices. I. activate any electrical systems or branch circuits that are not energized. J. inspect low-voltage systems, electrical de-icing tapes, swimming pool wiring, or any timecontrolled devices. K. verify the service ground. L. inspect private or emergency electrical supply sources, including, but not limited to: generators, windmills, photovoltaic solar collectors, or battery or electrical storage facility. M. inspect spark or lightning arrestors. N. inspect or test de-icing equipment. O. conduct voltage-drop calculations. P. determine the accuracy of labeling. Q. inspect exterior lighting.
Service drop overhead wires are too low, not giving enough clearance above back deck. Recommend contacting your local electric utility company or qualified electrician to see if they can correct.
Federal pacific panels present in the home. There have been some lawsuits in the past regarding these panels pertaining to fire risks. Recommend qualified electrician evaluate and make necessary repairs to the electrical system.
One or more exterior outlets does not have gfci protection. Homes built today require gfci protection. Replacing a traditional outlet with a gfci protected outlet is a cheap way to protect against shock hazards.
One or more outlets within 6 feet of plumbing fixtures did not have GFCI protection. Although GFCI protection may not have been required at the time the home was built, for safety reasons, the Inspector recommends that electrical receptacles located in basements, crawlspaces, garages, the home exterior, and interior receptacles located within 6 feet of a plumbing fixture be provided with ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection in good working order to avoid potential electric shock or electrocution hazards. This can be achieved relatively inexpensively by:
1. Replacing an individual standard receptacle with a GFCI receptacle.
2. Replacing the electrical circuit receptacle located closest to the overcurrent protection device (usually a breaker) with a GFCI receptacle.
3. Replacing the breaker currently protecting the electrical circuit that contains the receptacles of concern with a GFCI breaker
|8.1||Main Water Shut-off Device||X|
|8.2||Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems||X||X|
|8.3||Water Supply, Distribution Systems & Fixtures||X||X|
|8.4||Hot Water Systems, Controls, Flues & Vents||X|
|8.5||Fuel Storage & Distribution Systems||X|
I recommend flushing & servicing your water heater tank annually for optimal performance. Water temperature should be set to at least 120 degrees F to kill microbes and no higher than 130 degrees F to prevent scalding.
Ran gas and carbon monoxide detector at hot water tank connections. No leaks or carbon monoxide buildup detected at time of inspection.
Main gas shutoff is on the gas meter.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the main water supply shut-off valve; B. the main fuel supply shut-off valve; C. the water heating equipment, including the energy source, venting connections, temperature/pressure-relief (TPR) valves, Watts 210 valves, and seismic bracing; D. interior water supply, including all fixtures and faucets, by running the water; E. all toilets for proper operation by flushing; F. all sinks, tubs and showers for functional drainage; G. the drain, waste and vent system; and H. drainage sump pumps with accessible floats. II. The inspector shall describe: A. whether the water supply is public or private based upon observed evidence; B. the location of the main water supply shut-off valve; C. the location of the main fuel supply shut-off valve; D. the location of any observed fuel-storage system; and E. the capacity of the water heating equipment, if labeled. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. deficiencies in the water supply by viewing the functional flow in two fixtures operated simultaneously; B. deficiencies in the installation of hot and cold water faucets; C. mechanical drain stops that were missing or did not operate if installed in sinks, lavatories and tubs; and D. toilets that were damaged, had loose connections to the floor, were leaking, or had tank components that did not operate. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. light or ignite pilot flames. B. measure the capacity, temperature, age, life expectancy or adequacy of the water heater. C. inspect the interior of flues or chimneys, combustion air systems, water softener or filtering systems, well pumps or tanks, safety or shut-off valves, floor drains, lawn sprinkler systems, or fire sprinkler systems. D. determine the exact flow rate, volume, pressure, temperature or adequacy of the water supply. E. determine the water quality, potability or reliability of the water supply or source. F. open sealed plumbing access panels. G. inspect clothes washing machines or their connections. H. operate any valve. I. test shower pans, tub and shower surrounds or enclosures for leakage or functional overflow protection. J. evaluate the compliance with conservation, energy or building standards, or the proper design or sizing of any water, waste or venting components, fixtures or piping. K. determine the effectiveness of anti-siphon, backflow prevention or drain-stop devices. L. determine whether there are sufficient cleanouts for effective cleaning of drains. M. evaluate fuel storage tanks or supply systems. N. inspect wastewater treatment systems. O. inspect water treatment systems or water filters. P. inspect water storage tanks, pressure pumps, or bladder tanks. Q. evaluate wait time to obtain hot water at fixtures, or perform testing of any kind to water heater elements. R. evaluate or determine the adequacy of combustion air. S. test, operate, open or close: safety controls, manual stop valves, temperature/pressure-relief valves, control valves, or check valves. T. examine ancillary or auxiliary systems or components, such as, but not limited to, those related to solar water heating and hot water circulation. U. determine the existence or condition of polybutylene plumbing. V. inspect or test for gas or fuel leaks, or indications thereof.
Diverter valve in shower is not working as intended. When diverter valve is turned on water should be directed to the shower head. A significant amount of water is being allowed to exit through the faucet which results in wasted water and reduced water pressure at the shower head.
One or more shutoff valves have water leaks. Recommend qualified plumber evaluate and repair shutoff valves.
A supply pipe is leaking under the sink. Recommend qualified plumber evaluate and repair.
The toilet does not flush. Water flows through and it does not back up but it does not flush completely. I recommend evaluation and repair/replacement by a qualified plumber.
The flush valve on one or more toilets is not functioning as intended. I recommend replacing the flush valve for proper operation of the toilet.
|9.2||Normal Operating Controls||X|
|9.4||Presence of Installed Cooling Source in Each Room||X|
The central air conditioning unit was operated for approximately 15 minutes on the date of inspection. During this time the outside unit ran, the blower fan ran and the system produced cool air from the vents that was at an acceptable level for the unit to produce when compared to the air temperature going into the cold air return vent.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the cooling system, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the location of the thermostat for the cooling system; and B. the cooling method. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any cooling system that did not operate; and B. if the cooling system was deemed inaccessible. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. determine the uniformity, temperature, flow, balance, distribution, size, capacity, BTU, or supply adequacy of the cooling system. B. inspect portable window units, through-wall units, or electronic air filters. C. operate equipment or systems if the exterior temperature is below 65 Fahrenheit, or when other circumstances are not conducive to safe operation or may damage the equipment. D. inspect or determine thermostat calibration, cooling anticipation, or automatic setbacks or clocks. E. examine electrical current, coolant fluids or gases, or coolant leakage.
Central air conditioning unit is in the second half of its useful life. It is common for properly maintained units to exceed estimated service life but it is difficult or impossible to predict when an appliance will stop functioning correctly. I recommend monitoring the condition and consider budgeting for a future replacement.
|10.2||Normal Operating Controls||X|
|10.4||Vents, Flues & Chimneys||X|
|10.5||Presence of Installed Heat Source in Each Room||X|
AFUE (Annual fuel utilization efficiency) is a metric used to measure furnace efficiency in converting fuel to energy. A higher AFUE rating means greater energy efficiency. 90% or higher meets the Department of Energy's Energy Star program standard.
The furnace is in the second half of its useful life. I recommend having the unit serviced regularly to help extend its life. Properly maintained hvac systems can last significantly longer than units that are neglected.
Furnace was operated for a period of approximately 10 minutes. At the time of the inspection the burner lit and remained lit. The furnace ran and produced hot air during the period of the test. If you ever have trouble with the operation of the furnace, I always recommend changing the furnace filter as a first option before calling for service. Sometimes dirt and dust on the filter can reduce air flow through the furnace which can lead to the unit shutting itself off to prevent overheating.
Ran gas and carbon monoxide sniffer around furnace. No gas leaks or carbon monoxide build up were detected at the time of Inspection.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the heating system, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the location of the thermostat for the heating system; B. the energy source; and C. the heating method. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any heating system that did not operate; and B. if the heating system was deemed inaccessible. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect or evaluate the interior of flues or chimneys, fire chambers, heat exchangers, combustion air systems, fresh-air intakes, humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters, geothermal systems, or solar heating systems. B. inspect fuel tanks or underground or concealed fuel supply systems. C. determine the uniformity, temperature, flow, balance, distribution, size, capacity, BTU, or supply adequacy of the heating system. D. light or ignite pilot flames. E. activate heating, heat pump systems, or other heating systems when ambient temperatures or other circumstances are not conducive to safe operation or may damage the equipment. F. override electronic thermostats. G. evaluate fuel quality. H. verify thermostat calibration, heat anticipation, or automatic setbacks, timers, programs or clocks.
|11.2||Basements & Crawlspaces||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the foundation; B. the basement; C. the crawlspace; and D. structural components. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of foundation; and B. the location of the access to the under-floor space. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. observed indications of wood in contact with or near soil; B. observed indications of active water penetration; C. observed indications of possible foundation movement, such as sheetrock cracks, brick cracks, out-of-square door frames, and unlevel floors; and D. any observed cutting, notching and boring of framing members that may, in the inspector's opinion, present a structural or safety concern. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. enter any crawlspace that is not readily accessible, or where entry could cause damage or pose a hazard to him/herself. B. move stored items or debris. C. operate sump pumps with inaccessible floats. D. identify the size, spacing, span or location or determine the adequacy of foundation bolting, bracing, joists, joist spans or support systems. E. provide any engineering or architectural service. F. report on the adequacy of any structural system or component.
|12.3||Walls & Firewalls||X|
|12.5||Garage Door Opener||X|
|12.6||Occupant Door (From garage to inside of home)||X|
I always recommend a qualified chimney sweep to clean and recheck the chimney prior to using any fireplace.