Observed areas that were missing sufficient coverings. Recommend qualified roofing contractor evaluate & repair.
|2.2||Roof Drainage Systems||X||X|
|2.4||Skylights, Chimneys & Other Roof Penetrations||X||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect from ground level or the eaves: A. the roof-covering materials; B. the gutters; C. the downspouts; D. the vents, flashing, skylights, chimney, and other roof penetrations; and E. the general structure of the roof from the readily accessible panels, doors or stairs. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of roof-covering materials. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. observed indications of active roof leaks. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. walk on any roof surface. B. predict the service life expectancy. C. inspect underground downspout diverter drainage pipes. D. remove snow, ice, debris or other conditions that prohibit the observation of the roof surfaces. E. move insulation. F. inspect antennae, satellite dishes, lightning arresters, de-icing equipment, or similar attachments. G. walk on any roof areas that appear, in the inspector’s opinion, to be unsafe. H. walk on any roof areas if doing so might, in the inspector's opinion, cause damage. I. perform a water test. J. warrant or certify the roof. K. confirm proper fastening or installation of any roof-covering material.
Observed areas that were missing sufficient coverings. Recommend qualified roofing contractor evaluate & repair.
There are no gutters present on the structure. Gutters are recommended because they collect rain water from the roof and direct it away form the building. The crawlspace floor is below the exterior grade, so it is very important to direct the roof drainage away from the foundation with gutters and downspouts that extend 10 feet away from the foundation. This needs immediate attention to help reduce water intrusion in the crawlspace that will cause damage, mold and indoor air quality issues.
|3.1||Siding, Flashing & Trim||X||X|
|3.3||Adjacent Walkways and Driveways||X||X|
|3.4||Stairs, Steps, Stoops, Stairways and Ramps||X||X|
|3.5||Porches, Patios, Decks, Balconies and Carports||X||X|
|3.6||Railings, Guards and Handrails||X||X|
|3.7||Eaves, Soffits & Fascia||X||X|
|3.8||Representative Number of Windows||X||X|
|3.9||Vegetation, Grading, Drainage & Retaining Walls||X||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the exterior wall-covering materials, flashing and trim; B. all exterior doors; C. adjacent walkways and driveways; D. stairs, steps, stoops, stairways and ramps; E. porches, patios, decks, balconies and carports; F. railings, guards and handrails; G. the eaves, soffits and fascia; H. a representative number of windows; and I. vegetation, surface drainage, retaining walls and grading of the property, where they may adversely affect the structure due to moisture intrusion. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of exterior wall-covering materials. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any improper spacing between intermediate balusters, spindles and rails. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect or operate screens, storm windows, shutters, awnings, fences, outbuildings, or exterior accent lighting. B. inspect items that are not visible or readily accessible from the ground, including window and door flashing. C. inspect or identify geological, geotechnical, hydrological or soil conditions. D. inspect recreational facilities or playground equipment. E. inspect seawalls, breakwalls or docks. F. inspect erosion-control or earth-stabilization measures. G. inspect for safety-type glass. H. inspect underground utilities. I. inspect underground items. J. inspect wells or springs. K. inspect solar, wind or geothermal systems. L. inspect swimming pools or spas. M. inspect wastewater treatment systems, septic systems or cesspools. N. inspect irrigation or sprinkler systems. O. inspect drainfields or dry wells. P. determine the integrity of multiple-pane window glazing or thermal window seals.
Flashing & trim pieces were improperly installed on one decorative dormer window, which could result in moisture intrusion and damaging leaks. Recommend a qualified siding contractor evaluate and repair.
I observed signs of minor wood rot at the bottom of one or more door frames. Wood that is in contact with the soil or concrete should be sealed and protected.
I observed what was inadequate grading of the property that may adversely affect the structure due to moisture intrusion. The crawlspace floor is below the exterior grade so it is very important to maintain effective drainage away from the foundation. This is an air quality safety hazard because the crawlspace floor was wet at he time of the inspection. Correction will help prevent water intrusion in the crawlspace floor that will cause mold, wood damage and indoor air quality issues.
|4.2||Basements & Crawlspaces||X||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the foundation; B. the basement; C. the crawlspace; and D. structural components. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of foundation; and B. the location of the access to the under-floor space. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. observed indications of wood in contact with or near soil; B. observed indications of active water penetration; C. observed indications of possible foundation movement, such as sheetrock cracks, brick cracks, out-of-square door frames, and unlevel floors; and D. any observed cutting, notching and boring of framing members that may, in the inspector's opinion, present a structural or safety concern. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. enter any crawlspace that is not readily accessible, or where entry could cause damage or pose a hazard to him/herself. B. move stored items or debris. C. operate sump pumps with inaccessible floats. D. identify the size, spacing, span or location or determine the adequacy of foundation bolting, bracing, joists, joist spans or support systems. E. provide any engineering or architectural service. F. report on the adequacy of any structural system or component.
Water intrusion was evident on the surface of the floor slab or in the basement/crawlspace. This can compromise the soil's ability to stabilize the structure and could cause damage. Recommend a qualified contractor identify the source of moisture and remedy.
Read this helpful link on moisture prone crawlspaces:
Observed signs of possible mold in one or more areas in the flooring structure in the crawlspace. Recommend identifying source or moisture intrusion and sending samples to a lab for testing.
I observed cutting of engineered floor joists at the crawlspace opening. This can weaken the structure and cause premature failure of the floor joists. I recommend a qualified professional evaluate the structure at the crawlspace opening.
|5.2||Normal Operating Controls||X|
|5.4||Vents, Flues & Chimneys||X|
|5.5||Equipment Fuel Supply Shut-off Valve||X|
|5.6||Presence of Installed Heat Source in Each Room||X||X|
AFUE (Annual fuel utilization efficiency) is a metric used to measure furnace efficiency in converting fuel to energy. A higher AFUE rating means greater energy efficiency. 90% or higher meets the Department of Energy's Energy Star program standard.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the heating system, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the location of the thermostat for the heating system; B. the energy source; and C. the heating method. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any heating system that did not operate; and B. if the heating system was deemed inaccessible. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect or evaluate the interior of flues or chimneys, fire chambers, heat exchangers, combustion air systems, fresh-air intakes, humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters, geothermal systems, or solar heating systems. B. inspect fuel tanks or underground or concealed fuel supply systems. C. determine the uniformity, temperature, flow, balance, distribution, size, capacity, BTU, or supply adequacy of the heating system. D. light or ignite pilot flames. E. activate heating, heat pump systems, or other heating systems when ambient temperatures or other circumstances are not conducive to safe operation or may damage the equipment. F. override electronic thermostats. G. evaluate fuel quality. H. verify thermostat calibration, heat anticipation, or automatic setbacks, timers, programs or clocks.
The furnace filter is dirty and needs to be replaced every 6 months.
Here is a DIY video on changing your furnace filter:
The furnace service panel was off and the furnace was not heating or cooling properly because of it. This allowed unconditioned and unfiltered air into the HVAC system. The furnace should be cleaned and serviced annually. Recommend a qualified HVAC contractor inspect, clean, service and certify furnace.
Here is a resource on the importance of furnace maintenance.
Air supply ducts were not properly sealed. Recommend a qualified HVAC contractor seal supply and return ducts for maximum efficiency.
Return air registers were insufficient. This can result in poor heating efficiency. Recommend a qualified HVAC contractor evaluate and remedy.
|6.2||Normal Operating Controls||X|
|6.4||Presence of Installed Cooling Source in Each Room||X|
Modern standards call for at least 13 SEER rating for new install.
Read more on energy efficient air conditioning at Energy.gov.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the cooling system, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the location of the thermostat for the cooling system; and B. the cooling method. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. any cooling system that did not operate; and B. if the cooling system was deemed inaccessible. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. determine the uniformity, temperature, flow, balance, distribution, size, capacity, BTU, or supply adequacy of the cooling system. B. inspect portable window units, through-wall units, or electronic air filters. C. operate equipment or systems if the exterior temperature is below 65° Fahrenheit, or when other circumstances are not conducive to safe operation or may damage the equipment. D. inspect or determine thermostat calibration, cooling anticipation, or automatic setbacks or clocks. E. examine electrical current, coolant fluids or gases, or coolant leakage.
|7.1||Main Water Shut-off Device||X|
|7.2||Drain, Waste, & Vent Systems||X||X|
|7.3||Water Distribution Systems, Fixtures, Faucets and Toilets||X||X|
|7.4||Hot Water Systems, Controls, Flues & Vents||X||X|
|7.5||Fuel Storage & Distribution Systems||X|
|7.7||Functional Drainage of Sinks, Tubs and Showers||X|
|7.8||Water Supply Flow Check at Two Fixtures||X|
I recommend flushing & servicing your water heater tank annually for optimal performance. Water temperature should be set to at least 120 degrees F to kill microbes and no higher than 130 degrees F to prevent scalding.
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the main water supply shut-off valve; B. the main fuel supply shut-off valve; C. the water heating equipment, including the energy source, venting connections, temperature/pressure-relief (TPR) valves, Watts 210 valves, and seismic bracing; D. interior water supply, including all fixtures and faucets, by running the water; E. all toilets for proper operation by flushing; F. all sinks, tubs and showers for functional drainage; G. the drain, waste and vent system; and H. drainage sump pumps with accessible floats. II. The inspector shall describe: A. whether the water supply is public or private based upon observed evidence; B. the location of the main water supply shut-off valve; C. the location of the main fuel supply shut-off valve; D. the location of any observed fuel-storage system; and E. the capacity of the water heating equipment, if labeled. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. deficiencies in the water supply by viewing the functional flow in two fixtures operated simultaneously; B. deficiencies in the installation of hot and cold water faucets; C. mechanical drain stops that were missing or did not operate if installed in sinks, lavatories and tubs; and D. toilets that were damaged, had loose connections to the floor, were leaking, or had tank components that did not operate. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. light or ignite pilot flames. B. measure the capacity, temperature, age, life expectancy or adequacy of the water heater. C. inspect the interior of flues or chimneys, combustion air systems, water softener or filtering systems, well pumps or tanks, safety or shut-off valves, floor drains, lawn sprinkler systems, or fire sprinkler systems. D. determine the exact flow rate, volume, pressure, temperature or adequacy of the water supply. E. determine the water quality, potability or reliability of the water supply or source. F. open sealed plumbing access panels. G. inspect clothes washing machines or their connections. H. operate any valve. I. test shower pans, tub and shower surrounds or enclosures for leakage or functional overflow protection. J. evaluate the compliance with conservation, energy or building standards, or the proper design or sizing of any water, waste or venting components, fixtures or piping. K. determine the effectiveness of anti-siphon, backflow prevention or drain-stop devices. L. determine whether there are sufficient cleanouts for effective cleaning of drains. M. evaluate fuel storage tanks or supply systems. N. inspect wastewater treatment systems. O. inspect water treatment systems or water filters. P. inspect water storage tanks, pressure pumps, or bladder tanks. Q. evaluate wait time to obtain hot water at fixtures, or perform testing of any kind to water heater elements. R. evaluate or determine the adequacy of combustion air. S. test, operate, open or close: safety controls, manual stop valves, temperature/pressure-relief valves, control valves, or check valves. T. examine ancillary or auxiliary systems or components, such as, but not limited to, those related to solar water heating and hot water circulation. U. determine the existence or condition of polybutylene plumbing. V. inspect or test for gas or fuel leaks, or indications thereof.
The Hot water heater was missing the TPR (Temperature Pressure Relief) valve extension. To prevent injury from super heated water/steam the TPR Valve should be extended to with in six inches of the floor.
|8.1||Service Entrance Conductors||X|
|8.2||Electrical Service Head/Gooseneck and Drip Loops||X|
|8.3||Electric Meter, Service Mast and Conduit/Raceway||X|
|8.4||Main Service Disconnect, Main & Subpanels, Breakers and Fuses||X||X|
|8.5||Branch Wiring Circuits, Grounding and Bonding||X||X|
|8.6||Lighting Fixtures, Switches & Receptacles||X||X|
|8.7||GFCI & AFCI Protection||X||X|
|8.9||Carbon Monoxide Detectors||X||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. the service drop; B. the overhead service conductors and attachment point; C. the service head, gooseneck and drip loops; D. the service mast, service conduit and raceway; E. the electric meter and base; F. service-entrance conductors; G. the main service disconnect; H. panelboards and over-current protection devices (circuit breakers and fuses); I. service grounding and bonding; J. a representative number of switches, lighting fixtures and receptacles, including receptacles observed and deemed to be arc-fault circuit interrupter (AFCI)-protected using the AFCI test button, where possible; K. all ground-fault circuit interrupter receptacles and circuit breakers observed and deemed to be GFCIs using a GFCI tester, where possible; and L. smoke and carbon-monoxide detectors. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the main service disconnect's amperage rating, if labeled; and B. the type of wiring observed. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. deficiencies in the integrity of the serviceentrance conductors’ insulation, drip loop, and vertical clearances from grade and roofs; B. any unused circuit-breaker panel opening that was not filled; C. the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch-circuit wiring, if readily visible; D. any tested receptacle in which power was not present, polarity was incorrect, the cover was not in place, the GFCI devices were not properly installed or did not operate properly, evidence of arcing or excessive heat, and where the receptacle was not grounded or was not secured to the wall; and E. the absence of smoke detectors. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. insert any tool, probe or device into the main panelboard, sub-panels, distribution panelboards, or electrical fixtures. B. operate electrical systems that are shut down. C. remove panelboard cabinet covers or dead fronts. D. operate or re-set over-current protection devices or overload devices. E. operate or test smoke or carbon-monoxide detectors or alarms F. inspect, operate or test any security, fire or alarms systems or components, or other warning or signaling systems. G. measure or determine the amperage or voltage of the main service equipment, if not visibly labeled. H. inspect ancillary wiring or remote-control devices. I. activate any electrical systems or branch circuits that are not energized. J. inspect low-voltage systems, electrical de-icing tapes, swimming pool wiring, or any timecontrolled devices. K. verify the service ground. L. inspect private or emergency electrical supply sources, including, but not limited to: generators, windmills, photovoltaic solar collectors, or battery or electrical storage facility. M. inspect spark or lightning arrestors. N. inspect or test de-icing equipment. O. conduct voltage-drop calculations. P. determine the accuracy of labeling. Q. inspect exterior lighting.
Circuit breaker was incorrectly wired with a loose red wire. This indicates that work was probably not performed by a licensed electrician and poses a safety hazard. Recommend that a licensed electrician check the entire panel and repair and replace as need.
At the time of inspection, panel was missing labeling. Recommend a qualified electrician or person identify and map out locations.
One or more Junction boxes were missing their covers. Recommend immediate correction.
I tested a receptacle in which power was not present at the location.
No GFCI protection present at location. Receptacles near water should all be GFCI Protected. Recommend licensed electrician upgrade by installing ground fault receptacles at location.
Here is a link to read about how GFCI receptacles keep you safe.
No AFCI protection present at Location. AFCI standards were introduced in 1999 and are required in new dwelling construction and when installing new circuits in an existing dwelling. Recommend licensed electrician upgrade by installing arc fault receptacles at location.
Her is a helpful link to learn when to use Arc Fault Cir
The crawlspace should have a smoke detector. Here are two helpful articles about smoke detectors.
I could not identify if the hard wired smoke detectors in the home were also carbon monoxide detectors. They were not well labeled. One per floor (including crawlspace) and one in an attached garage is recommended.
Here are some helpful articles on Carbon Monoxide.
|9.2||Vapor Retarders (Crawlspace or Basement)||X|
|9.5||Roof Structure & Attic||X||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. insulation in unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces and foundation areas; B. ventilation of unfinished spaces, including attics, crawlspaces and foundation areas; and C. mechanical exhaust systems in the kitchen, bathrooms and laundry area. II. The inspector shall describe: A. the type of insulation observed; and B. the approximate average depth of insulation observed at the unfinished attic floor area or roof structure. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. the general absence of insulation or ventilation in unfinished spaces. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. enter the attic or any unfinished spaces that are not readily accessible, or where entry could cause damage or, in the inspector's opinion, pose a safety hazard. B. move, touch or disturb insulation. C. move, touch or disturb vapor retarders. D. break or otherwise damage the surface finish or weather seal on or around access panels or covers. E. identify the composition or R-value of insulation material. F. activate thermostatically operated fans. G. determine the types of materials used in insulation or wrapping of pipes, ducts, jackets, boilers or wiring. H. determine the adequacy of ventilation.
Insulation depth was inadequate in some areas such as above the east bedrooms and along the traveled pathway above the great room. I measured between 10 and 18 inches and an estimated average R value of 42. Recommend a qualified attic insulation contractor install additional insulation.
The peaks of the vaulted great have missing insulation. This can cause unnecessary heating and cooling costs and possibly condensation in the attic.
Attic fan was inoperable at time of inspection. Recommend an attic fan specialist evaluate and repair.
|10.6||Steps, Stairways & Railings||X||X|
|10.7||Countertops & Cabinets||X||X|
I. The inspector shall inspect: A. a representative number of doors and windows by opening and closing them; B. floors, walls and ceilings; C. stairs, steps, landings, stairways and ramps; D. railings, guards and handrails; and E. garage vehicle doors and the operation of garage vehicle door openers, using normal operating controls. II. The inspector shall describe: A. a garage vehicle door as manually-operated or installed with a garage door opener. III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction: A. improper spacing between intermediate balusters, spindles and rails for steps, stairways, guards and railings; B. photo-electric safety sensors that did not operate properly; and C. any window that was obviously fogged or displayed other evidence of broken seals. IV. The inspector is not required to: A. inspect paint, wallpaper, window treatments or finish treatments. B. inspect floor coverings or carpeting. C. inspect central vacuum systems. D. inspect for safety glazing. E. inspect security systems or components. F. evaluate the fastening of islands, countertops, cabinets, sink tops or fixtures. G. move furniture, stored items, or any coverings, such as carpets or rugs, in order to inspect the concealed floor structure. H. move suspended-ceiling tiles. I. inspect or move any household appliances. J. inspect or operate equipment housed in the garage, except as otherwise noted. K. verify or certify the proper operation of any pressure-activated auto-reverse or related safety feature of a garage door. L. operate or evaluate any security bar release and opening mechanisms, whether interior or exterior, including their compliance with local, state or federal standards. M. operate any system, appliance or component that requires the use of special keys, codes, combinations or devices. N. operate or evaluate self-cleaning oven cycles, tilt guards/latches, or signal lights. O. inspect microwave ovens or test leakage from microwave ovens. P. operate or examine any sauna, steamgenerating equipment, kiln, toaster, ice maker, coffee maker, can opener, bread warmer, blender, instant hot-water dispenser, or other small, ancillary appliances or devices. Q. inspect elevators. R. inspect remote controls. S. inspect appliances. T. inspect items not permanently installed. U. discover firewall compromises. V. inspect pools, spas or fountains. W. determine the adequacy of whirlpool or spa jets, water force, or bubble effects. X. determine the structural integrity or leakage of pools or spas.
Minor damage or deterioration to the ceiling was visible at the time of the inspection. It did not appear to be water damage and had no reading on the moisture meter.
10.1 The inspector shall inspect: F. installed ovens, ranges, surface cooking appliances, microwave ovens, dishwashing machines, and food waste grinders by using normal operating controls to activate the primary function. 10.2 The inspector is NOT required to inspect: G. installed and free-standing kitchen and laundry appliances not listed in Section 10.1.F. H. appliance thermostats including their calibration, adequacy of heating elements, self cleaning oven cycles, indicator lights, door seals, timers, clocks, timed features, and other specialized features of the appliance. I. operate, or con rm the operation of every control and feature of an inspected appliance.
Dishwasher was inoperable using standard controls and the door would not close. Recommend a qualified plumber or contractor evaluate.
|12.3||Walls & Firewalls||X||X|
|12.5||Garage Door Opener||X|
|12.7||Garage Heating Equipment||X|
|12.8||Occupant Door (From garage to inside of home)||X||X|
Garage ceiling shows signs of moisture intrusion. To prevent further damage or growth of mold, I recommend a qualified contractor evaluate the source of moisture instrusion.
Garage wall had damaged drywall. Recommend drywall contractor repair.
HVAC systems that supply air to the living space of a house must not supply air to or return air from a garage. A furnace or air handler is prohibited from serving both the garage and living spaces. If a garage is conditioned, it must be by an independent HVAC system. Garage could contain contaminants that would affect the indoor air quality of the living spaces. This will also compromise the garage firewall with a penetration for fire to access the home.
Door from garage to home should have self-closing hinges to help prevent spread of a fire to living space. Recommend a qualified contractor install self-closing hinges.