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1234 Main St.
Santa Ana, CA 92701
01/16/2020 9:00AM

Sample agent
agent

Agent Name

Agency Name
33
Maintenance items
12
Recommendations
8
Safety concerns

1) Maintenance Item - Primarily comprised of small cosmetic items and simple handyman or do-it-yourself maintenance items.  These observations are more informational in nature and represent more of a future to-do list rather than something you might use as a negotiation or Seller-repair item. Most items typically fall into this category.

2) Repair Recommendation - Most items typically fall into this category.  These observations may require a qualified contractor to evaluate further and repair or replace but the cost is somewhat reasonable.

3) Safety Concerns - This category is composed of immediate safety and or health concerns or items that could represent a significant expense to repair or replace. 

This is a summary review of the inspectors' findings during this inspection. However, it does not contain every detailed observation. This is provided as an additional service to our client, and is presented in the form of a listing of the items which, in the opinion of your inspector, merit further attention, investigation, or improvement. Some of these conditions are of such a nature as to require repair or modification by a skilled craftsman, technician, or specialist. Others can be easily handled by a homeowner such as yourself.

Often, following the inspector's advice will result in improved performance and/or extended life of the component(s) in question. In listing these items, your inspector is not offering any opinion as to who, among the parties to this transaction, should take responsibility for addressing any of these concerns. As with most of the facets of your transaction, we recommend consultation with your Real Estate Professional for further advice with regards to the following items.

1 - Information/Overview

Information/Overview

PLEASE READ ALL OF THE INFORMATION WE PROVIDE BELOW

In order for you to receive the full value of this inspection, please read all of the information we have provided.

ALL ITEMS IN RED PRINT ARE OF IMMEDIATE CONCERN TO THIS STRUCTURE AND SHOULD BE FURTHER EVALUATED BEFORE THE CLOSE IN ESCROW. HOWEVER, THE ENTIRE REPORT MUST BE READ FOR FULL DISCLOSURE, AS OTHER ITEMS WRITTEN IN THE REPORT MAY REQUIRE FURTHER EVALUATION AS DEEMED BY THE OPINION OF THE READER. IF A FURTHER EVALUATION IS NOT PERFORMED AND ADDITIONAL DEFECTS ARE FOUND AFTER THE CONTINGENCY PERIOD HAS EXPIRED, THEN ANY DISPUTES OR CLAIMS AGAINST THE INSPECTION WILL BE DENIED. SIMPLY PUT, IF YOU DO NOT FOLLOW THE ADVICE IN THIS REPORT, THEN YOU CANNOT HOLD THE INSPECTOR OR THE INSPECTION REPORT LIABLE AFTER YOU MOVE INTO THE INSPECTED STRUCTURE OR PROPERTY.

This is a limited Inspection:

It is impossible to inspect every square inch of every area of a home in a limited time frame. A home inspection is designed to reflect, as accurately as possible, the visible condition of the home at the time of the inspection only and does NOT reflect, anticipate or predict future conditions. Conditions at a home for sale can change radically in only a day or two, so a home inspection is not meant to guarantee what condition a home will be in when the transaction closes. Its not uncommon for conditions to change between the time of the inspection and the closing date. During this inspection your inspector did not dismantle equipment, dismantle any structural items, apply stress or destructive testing. Areas that are hidden, painted over, disguised and/or not readily visible are not covered in this report. Our report is not a guarantee or warranty on the condition of your property or its contents. This report provides an unbiased visual inspection only. Signature Home Inspection inspections are performed with consideration given to the age of the structure. Defects will be indicated and marked as such, even though the condition may be normal for the age, and should be inspected by the appropriate licensed contractor. Opinions vary from person to person and this report is the opinion of the inspector and must be considered as such. The Inspector does not determine the age or remaining life of any system or building material during this inspection. Cosmetic items are considered obvious and are often not included in your report. Your report does not include all items covered in the REAL ESTATE TRANSFER DISCLOSURE FORM. We recommend that you read the Disclaimers page in complete detail to understand.

An attorney and/or real estate broker should be consulted on additional items not included in this report.

ENVIRONMENTAL DISCLAIMER:

Mold spores, asbestos , formaldehyde, radon, lead paint, Chinese drywall, poria and all other toxic items of concern cannot be identified as toxic and/or dangerous with this inspection report. Your inspector is not certified to identify any of these toxic or dangerous items and will not include any information on them in this report. Its recommended the client have the property tested by a certified expert in these areas, in all cases.

Houses/structures built between 1965 and 1974 have the possibility of aluminum wiring present throughout structure. It is recommend that a licensed electrician further evaluate houses built in this era for aluminum wiring. 

Houses/structures with galvanized or cast iron plumbing present are highly recommended to be further evaluated by a plumbing contractor regardless of the age of the plumbing.

Houses/structures built prior to 1978 can contain asbestos materials. It is recommend that a licensed asbestos contractor/inspector further evaluate houses/structures built in this era for asbestos materials. The Home Inspector will not determine or include in the report if asbestos is present at any structure or in any materials at a structure.*

Houses/structures built prior to 1982 can contain lead paint. It is recommend that a licensed lead inspector further evaluate houses/structures built in this era for lead paint materials.* 

*Signature Home Inspection will not engage in any claims regarding aluminum wiring, asbestos or lead paint.

PHOTO DOCUMENTATION: 

Your report may include digitally imaged photos of certain problem areas (should they exist). Also included are pictures (General Views) to establish location and identification. It is not a requirement that your Home Inspector photograph every area or defect of the home; additional photos may be taken and included in your report as a courtesy. The Inspector CANNOT use photos provided by anyone else for the inspection report. Any photos included in the report must be taken by the Inspector only, with the Inspectors camera only!

PLEASE CAREFULLY READ YOUR ENTIRE INSPECTION REPORT.

Call your inspector after you have reviewed your report, so we can go over any questions you may have. Remember, when the inspection is completed and the report is delivered, we are still available to you for any questions you may have, throughout the entire closing process.

Properties being inspected do not Pass or Fail. - The following report is based on an inspection of the visible areas of the structure; inspection may be limited by vegetation, height restrictions, weather and possessions. Depending on the age of the structure, some items like GFCI outlets may not be installed; this report will focus on safety and function, not current building codes. This report identifies specific non-building code, non-cosmetic concerns that the inspector feels may need further investigation or repair. It is NOT a requirement that a home being sold be brought up to todays building code standards.

We advise you to check all building permits for all areas of the structures present, a home inspection is NOT a building code violation inspection. If the proper building permits have not been obtained and/or do not have final building inspection signatures, then you cannot assume that these areas were installed to applicable building codes. Further investigation beyond the scope of the home inspection may be needed.

Needs to be serviced is a common phrase used throughout this report and means, in the Inspectors opinion; maintenance, repair or upgrade is needed and the item should be further evaluated. Often the items discovered by the Inspector are only clues to a potentially larger issue, further evaluation may uncover other items the inspector did not see or disclose during the inspection. For your safety and liability purposes, we recommend that licensed contractors further evaluate and repair any and all concerns and defects noted in the report.

Lateral Sewer Line Camera Inspection: Underground drains cannot be viewed by the Inspector and can often have internal issues that do not reveal themselves during the home inspection. We highly advise you to have a sewer camera inspection prior to the release of inspection contingencies.

Every home or structure is different, therefore may be inspected in various formats. Inspections can take anywhere from 1 to 4 hours depending on the size of the structure or the age of the structure being inspected. The condition of the home or structure being inspected may also play a role in the time it takes for the inspection; the more defects there are to document, the longer the inspection will take. Inspection methods are generally the same among all inspectors, however experience and inspectors personal preferences may differ between Inspectors. This is the same for report writing. While Inspectors are provided with common statements to use in their report, they are also given the freedom to narrate or edit comments as they see fit for each inspection. The Inspector cannot predict or find every defect in a structure being inspected. The time frame for an inspection only allows the Inspector to examine areas in a location by location order. If a defect arises in another area of the structure (including the exterior) for which this defect was not present or visible at the time of the inspection, then the Inspector cannot be liable for notifying you of the defect. For example: The inspector evaluates the exterior of the home first and finds no defects...but later runs the water at the kitchen sink and the water is not visibly leaking under the kitchen sink, but somehow is leaking through the exterior wall to the exterior, the Inspector will not back-track and re-inspect the exterior and will likely not see this or note the defect.

During the inspection, the water is turned on at all visible and/or accessible fixtures at the structure. In most cases, no water fixtures should be left unattended while turned on. There is no set standard time frame for how long each fixture should be operated. The Inspector will operate the water fixtures as long as is needed to determine if both the hot and/or cold water is operating at the designated fixture. Leaks can only be documented if they are visible at the time of operating the designated fixture. Future leaks cannot be predicted! A home inspector cannot determine if there are plumbing leaks inside walls or ceilings unless visible moisture or explicit signs of moisture are present and visible at the time of the inspection. This inspection does not include confirmation of water conservation devices at any fixture.

Note that this report is a snapshot in time and not a prediction of future conditions. We recommend that you or your representative carry out a final walk-through inspection immediately before closing to check the condition of the property, using this report as a guide. Conditions can change at any time during escrow time periods. You are 100% responsible for verifying all conditions prior to close of escrow.

THIS REPORT IS NON-TRANSFERABLE TO ANOTHER PARTY, NO EXCEPTIONS.

THANK YOU FOR USING SIGNATURE HOME INSPECTION.

2 - Inspection Details

Inspector
Scott Knudson
Type of Home
Single Family
Payment Method
Invoiced
In Attendance
Client, Realtor
Client Present at End
Yes
Occupancy
Staged
Weather Conditions
Partly Cloudy
Temp
Cool
Ground
Wet
Foundation
Slab

3 - Utility Locations and Shut-Offs

Electrical Shut-Off
Left Side
Main Water Shut-Off
Garage
Water Meter Shut-Off
Outside
Gas Meter Shut-Off
Left Side

4 - Exterior

DESCRIPTIONS:

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Siding Material
Stucco
Driveway / Walkway
Concrete, Porous Pavers
Foundation Material
Concrete
Wall Structure
Wood Frame, Not Visible
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

Exterior Inspection Overview:

A visual inspection of the exterior surfaces was performed around the home to include the exterior surface material, soffit/fascia surfaces, doors and windows, and other exterior surface areas.

  • The exterior wall covering, trim, and flashing were visually inspected for concerns related to installation, paint/stain condition, damage and general maintenance issues.
  • The entry doors to the home were tested and inspected by operating the doors, checking the lock and latch, inspecting the weather-stripping, inspecting any screens present and checking for any physical damage.
  • The exterior of the windows were visually inspected for signs of cracked glass, damaged screens, caulking around edges and seams, paint or finish deterioration, and general concerns.
  • The driveway and exterior concrete surfaces around the home were walked and inspected for surface deterioration, trip hazards, poor slope or drainage and any general areas of concern.
  • The surface grading and drainage was inspected to determine if areas exist that will adversely affect the home.
General Maintenance Recommendations:

The outside of the home should be routinely checked.  Exteriors need regular maintenance to stay sealed against the weather.  There can be hidden damage when the exterior is not sealed or is poorly finished, damaged or decayed.  Heavy vegetation should be kept trimmed since it can cause or hide damage.

Outside Photos

The following photos document the general condition of the outside if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

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4.1.1 - Siding

Gaps at Penetrations

Gaps exist at one or more openings around the exterior, such as those where outside faucets, refrigerant lines, and/or gas supply pipes penetrate the exterior. Gaps should be sealed as necessary to prevent moisture intrusion and entry by vermin.

Wrenches Handyman
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4.2.1 - Electrical

Light Fixtures - No Caulk Around Back Plate
Various Locations

One or more wall-mounted exterior light fixtures have wiring that's subject to water intrusion due to caulk not being installed around the light fixture's back plate. Caulk should be applied around the perimeter of back plates where missing. A gap should be left at the bottom for condensation to drain out.

Tools Handyman/DIY
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4.2.2 - Electrical

Receptacles - Damaged Waterproof Cover

Waterproof cover(s) over one or more electric receptacles are damaged or broken. This is a safety hazard due to the risk of shock and fire. Damaged covers should be replaced where necessary.

Order Waterproof Outlet Covers Here

Electric Electrical Contractor
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4.2.3 - Electrical

Receptacles - Loose

One or more electric receptacles and/or the boxes they are installed in are loose and/or not securely anchored. Wire conductors may be damaged due to repeated movement and/or tension on wires, or insulation may be damaged. This is a safety hazard due to the risk of shock and fire. A qualified electrician should evaluate and repair as necessary.

Electric Electrical Contractor
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4.6.1 - Walkways

Minor Cracks

Minor cracks were found in one or more walkways or patio sections. However they don't appear to be a structural concern. No immediate action is recommended, but the client(s) may wish to have repairs made or have cracked sections replaced for aesthetic reasons.

Gardening shovel tool shape Concrete Contractor
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4.6.2 - Walkways

Trip Hazard

One or more trip hazards were found in walkways and/or patio sections due to cracks, settlement and/or heaving. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace sidewalk and/or patio sections as necessary to eliminate trip hazards.

Gardening shovel tool shape Concrete Contractor
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4.7.1 - Fences, Gates & Walls

Repair

Fences, gates and or walls are damaged and/or deteriorated in some areas. A qualified contractor should evaluate and make repairs or replace sections as necessary. 

Fence Fence Contractor
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4.8.1 - Soil Contact

Soil w/in 6" of Siding/Trim

Soil is in contact with or less than six inches from siding and/or trim. This is a conducive condition for wood destroying insects and organisms. Soil should be graded and/or removed as necessary so there are at least six inches of space between the siding and trim and the soil below.

Yard scissors Landscaping Contractor
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4.9.1 - Vegetation

<1' From Exterior

Vegetation such as trees, shrubs and/or vines are in contact with or less than one foot from the structure's exterior. Vegetation can serve as a conduit for wood destroying insects and may retain moisture against the exterior after it rains. Vegetation should be pruned and/or removed as necessary to maintain a one foot clearance between it and the structure's exterior.

Grass Lawncare Professional
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4.10.1 - Drainage

Negative Perimeter Slope - Pavement

Perimeter pavement slopes towards structure in one or more areas.  This can result in water accumulating around the structure's foundation, or in basements and crawl spaces if they exist. Accumulated water is a conducive condition to wood destroying insects and organisms.  Recommend having a qualified contractor make repairs as necessary so perimeter pavement slopes down and away from the structure.

Gardening shovel tool shape Concrete Contractor
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4.11.1 - Downspouts

Terminate Above Roof Surface

One or more downspouts terminate above roof surfaces rather than being routed to gutters below or to the ground level. This is very common, but it can reduce the life of roof surface materials below due to large amounts of water frequently flowing over the roof surface. On composite shingles granules typically are washed off of composition shingles as a result, and leaks may occur. Recommend considering having a qualified contractor install extensions as necessary so downspouts don't terminate above roof surfaces.

Gutter cleaning icon Gutter Contractor
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4.11.2 - Downspouts

Buried Gutter Drain Lines

The below ground drain lines for downspouts do not appear to drain above grade, and it is unable to determined if drains will function properly.  As a maintenance item, you should monitor these areas, and periodically clean out these lines with a drain-snake, to keep drainage flowing away from the foundation of the home.

Gutter cleaning icon Gutter Contractor
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4.11.3 - Downspouts

Dented, Crushed or Damaged

One or more downspouts are dented, damaged and/or crushed. This can restrict the water flow and result in clogging and overflowing gutters. Water may  accumulate around the structure's foundation, or in basements and crawl spaces if they exist. Accumulated water is a conducive condition to wood destroying insects and organisms, and may also cause the foundation to settle and possibly fail over time. Damaged downspouts should be repaired or replaced as necessary, and by a qualified contractor if necessary.

Gutter cleaning icon Gutter Contractor

5 - Roofing

DESCRIPTIONS:

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Roof Inspection Method
From Eves, From Ground, From Windows
Estimated Age of Roof
15 to 20 Years
Roof Layers
One
Roof Type
Gable, Hipped
Roof Covering
Tile
Roof Vents
Good
Ridge Caps
Good
Gutter & Downspout Material
Metal
Roof Ventilation
Unable to Determine
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

Roofing-Attic-Ventilation Inspection Overview

The roof system, gutters-downspouts, attic, and attic ventilation were inspected where components were fully accessible.   

  • The roofing material was inspected for concerns with wear and age, potential hail damage or other damage, and any flashing or roof penetration concerns.
  • Gutters and downspouts were inspected to ensure proper drainage away from the home and foundation.
  • Metal flue pipes and chimneys were visually inspected for physical condition and flashing concerns.
  • The attic was inspected to determine if moisture concerns are present, assess insulation concerns, ventilation adequacy, and review any visible structural issues.

The roof inspection is not intended to predict how long the roof will last or if it will leak, and is not a warranty. All roofs should be inspected annually in order to detect and address concerns to ensure the roof will perform for the typical life span.  Expect to make minor repairs to any roof.

Couldn't Traverse

Because of the Home Owners Association (HOA), roof covering type and/or the configuration of the roof, the inspector was unable to traverse the roof and wasn't able to fully evaluate the entire roof.

Solar Panels Obscure

The roof was partially obscured by solar panels and couldn't be fully evaluated.

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5.1.1 - Concrete or Tile

Chipped or Cracked

One or more roofing tiles are chipped and/or cracked. A qualified roofing contractor should evaluate and replace tiles as necessary.

Roof Roofing Professional
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5.1.2 - Concrete or Tile

Slipped

One or more roofing tiles have slipped, and are loose. A qualified roofing contractor should evaluate and repair as necessary.

Roof Roofing Professional
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Comment
5.7.1 - Vegetation and Maintenance

Clean Gutters

Debris has accumulated in one or more gutters. This is a conducive condition for wood destroying insects since gutters may overflow and cause water to come in contact with the structure's exterior or make water accumulate around the foundation. Gutters should be cleaned now and as necessary in the future.

Here is a DIY resource for cleaning your gutters.

Tools Handyman/DIY

6 - Electrical

DESCRIPTIONS:

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Service Type
Underground
Protection
Breakers
Service Amperage & Panel Capacity
200
Voltage
120-240
System Ground
Copper
Service Entrance Conductor Material
Aluminium, Copper
Branch Circuit Wiring Type
Copper
Aluminum Wiring Present
Can't Verify
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

Electrical System Inspection Overview:

The electrical system and components in the home were inspected to include the following:

  • The services entrance wiring and main electrical disconnect, including noting the location of the main shut off.
  • Inspection of the main electrical panel and wiring.
  • Testing a representative number of switches and outlets throughout the home.
  • Review of GFCI outlets and if present in proper locations for safety.
  • Inspection of smoke detectors and CO detectors in the home to ensure enough are present and in the proper recommended locations.

We do our best to test items that operate via a remote control, when the remote is readily accessible.  Low voltage wiring systems, built-in audio systems, and any alarm systems present are outside the scope of a home inspection and are not tested.

Interior/Exterior Low Voltage Lighting

Low voltage exterior/interior lighting was found during the inspection. This is considered to be a specialty system. Only a cursory evaluation of this lighting was performed during the inspection. For a full evaluation, the client(s) should hire a qualified electrician.

Photovoltaic System

A photovoltaic solar energy system was installed. Evaluating these systems is beyond the scope of a home inspection. Its condition is unknown, and it is excluded from this inspection. Recommend that a qualified electrician review this system and make repairs if necessary.

GFCI General Guidelines (and effective date)

General guidelines for GFCI-protected receptacles include the following locations:

  • Underwater pool lighting (since 1968)
  • Outdoors (since 1973)
  • Bathrooms (since 1975)
  • Garages (since 1978)
  • Kitchens (since 1987)
  • Crawl spaces and unfinished basements (since 1990)
  • Wet bar sinks (since 1993)
  • Laundry and utility sinks (since 2005)

For more information, visit:

https://www.cpsc.gov/s3fs-public/099_0.pdf

Electrical Photos

The following photos document the general condition of the electrical if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

7 - Garage and/or Carport

DESCRIPTIONS:

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Garage House Door Type
w/out visible fire rating, Solid
Exterior Door Material
Metal
Vehicle Door Type
Sectional, Roll-Up
Ventilation
Exists
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

Garage Inspection Overview:

The garage was inspected to include the interior surfaces, garage doors, electrical systems present, and overall general condition including:

  • Garage ceiling, walls, floors, doors, and windows including the door to the house for fire safety.
  • The main garage doors were tested and operated, including testing any automatic openers.
  • Electrical outlets and components are inspected and tested.

The garage door is the largest moving object in the home.  It can cause severe injury if it malfunctions, and should be checked monthly.  As a part of our inspection process, we will test the auto-reverse sensors for the garage door opener.  We do not test the down pressure setting on the door to determine if the door will reverse when met with resistance, as this can cause damage to the door if the down pressure setting is not properly set.  However, this is a safety feature that should also be checked periodically.  It is recommended that you test the down pressure setting on the garage door upon move-in, following the door opener manufacturer's specific testing procedure.

Garage Photos

The following photos document the general condition of the garage if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

Automatic Door Opener: Garage Doors (California SB 969)

This bill, beginning July 1, 2019, requires an automatic garage door opener that is manufactured for sale, sold, offered for sale, or installed in a residence to have a battery backup function that is designed to operate when activated because of an electrical outage.

Click Here for More Information Regarding the Bill

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7.1.1 - Interior / Walls / Ceiling

Fire Resistance

One or more gaps, holes, pet doors and or areas with missing or substandard surface materials were found in the attached garage walls or ceilings. Current standard building practices call for wooden-framed ceilings and walls that divide the house and garage to provide limited fire-resistance rating to prevent the spread of fire from the garage to the house. Recommend that a qualified person repair per standard building practices. For example, by patching openings or holes, fire-stopping holes or gaps with fire-resistant caulking, and/or installing fire-resistant wall covering (e.g. Type X drywall).

Link for more info.

Putty knife Drywall Contractor
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7.1.2 - Interior / Walls / Ceiling

Homeowner Shelving

Substandard shelving was installed. This is a potential safety hazard due to the risk of collapse, especially if heavy items are stored on the shelves. Recommend that a qualified person remove shelving, or repair or modify as necessary.

Wrenches Handyman
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7.3.1 - Garage - House Door

Door Stop or Unapproved Hardware

The door between the garage and the house had a door stop or unapproved hardware installed on it. This is a potential safety hazard. Such doors should provide limited fire resistance to prevent fire from spreading from the garage to the house. Modifications with unapproved hardware may compromise the door's ability to perform as intended. Recommend that a qualified person remove the doorstop or unapproved hardware.

Tools Handyman/DIY
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7.10.1 - Electrical

Wiring - Extension Cord

Extension cords are being used as permanent wiring in one or more areas. They should only be used for portable equipment on a temporary basis. Using extension cords as permanent wiring poses a fire and shock hazard, and is an indication that wiring is inadequate and should be updated. Extension cords may be undersized. Connections may not be secure, resulting in power fluctuations, damage to equipment, and sparks that could start a fire. Extension cords should be removed as necessary, or a qualified electrician should evaluate and make repairs as necessary. For example, install additional circuits and/or electric receptacles.

Electric Electrical Contractor

8 - Water Heater(s)

DESCRIPTIONS:

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Manufacturer
Bradford White
Energy Source
Natural Gas
Capacity
50
Estimated Age
0 to 5 Years

The expected service life for a water heater is 8 to 12 years.

Water Temperature
< 120 Degrees F
Operational at Time of Inspection
Yes
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

How to Flush the Water Heater

When it comes to doing household chores, flushing your hot water heater is easy to overlook. But regularly flushing out your hot water heater is an important task. Getting rid of the gunk and mineral deposits that accumulate will help your hot water heater run more efficiently as well as prolong its life, saving you money in the long run. Depending on your model, aim to flush your hot water heater every one to three years. Really, the job is so easy, it wouldn't be a bother to do it at least once a year.

How to Flush Your Hot Water Heater

Water Heater Photos
Outside Closet

The following photos document the general condition of the water heater if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

Obscured By: Permanent Enclosure

The water heater is located inside a permanently or semi-permanently installed enclosure which the inspector didn't open or remove. The inspector was unable to fully evaluate the water heater.

Gas Water Heater: Circulation Pump Installed

A circulating pump was installed for the hot water supply. It is intended to make hot water immediately available when faucets are turned on. Timers are typically integrated with these pumps, and should be configured so water circulates only at desired times for better energy efficiency. The client should familiarize themselves with the timer's operation and configure it as needed. Note that this is a specialty item and excluded from this inspection. The inspector did not determine if it was serviceable or operable.

Electric Water Heater: Circulation Pump Installed

A circulating pump was installed for the hot water supply. It is intended to make hot water immediately available when faucets are turned on. Timers are typically integrated with these pumps, and should be configured so water circulates only at desired times for better energy efficiency. The client should familiarize themselves with the timer's operation and configure it as needed. Note that this is a specialty item and excluded from this inspection. The inspector did not determine if it was serviceable or operable.

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8.2.1 - Gas Water Heater

No Drip Leg

No drip leg is installed on the water heater gas supply line. Drip legs are intended to trap oil, scale, water condensation and/or debris from the gas supply lines before they reach and damage the water heater components. A qualified contractor should install a drip leg as per standard building practices.

* Note that depending on the quality of the gas being delivered in some municipalities, the installation of a drip leg or dirt leg may not be required by local officials.

Pipes Plumbing Contractor
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8.2.2 - Gas Water Heater

No Drain Line for Pan

A catch pan was installed below the water heater, but no drain line was visible. Typically such catch pans hold only a gallon or two of water. If the water heater fails and leaks significantly, nearby flooring and wall materials, or finished spaces below (if any) may be get water-damaged. Normally, a drain line is installed at the catch pan to route any accumulated water outside the structure. Consider having a qualified contractor install a drain line per standard building practices.

Pipes Plumbing Contractor
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8.6.1 - Earthquake Straps

Substandard Bracing

The water heater's seismic straps or struts are substandard. For example, they may allow significant movement or use improper fasteners. This is a potential safety hazard since movement can cause leaks in the gas supply lines or damage wiring. Leaks may also occur in water supply pipes. A qualified contractor should evaluate and either repair existing straps or install new straps or struts as necessary and as per standard building practices.

ORDER WATER HEATER STRAPS HERE

Pipes Plumbing Contractor

9 - Laundry Area

DESCRIPTIONS:

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Dryer Power Source
Gas, Not Visible
Water Discharge Drain Present
Yes
Dryer Vents to Exterior
Yes
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

Laundry Photos

The following photos document the general condition of the laundry area if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

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9.2.1 - Dryer Venting

Dryer Duct - Plastic or Foil

The clothes dryer is equipped with a vinyl or foil, accordion-type, flexible exhaust duct. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission considers these types of ducts to be unsafe, and a fire hazard. These types of ducts can trap lint and are susceptible to kinks or crushing, which can greatly reduce the air flow. This duct should be replaced with a rigid or corrugated semi-rigid metal duct, and by a qualified contractor if necessary. Most clothes dryer manufacturers specify the use of a rigid or corrugated semi-rigid metal duct.

Buy a Rigid Aluminum Dryer Vent Duct Here

Tools Handyman/DIY
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Comment
9.3.1 - Plumbing

No Catch Pan or Drain for Washer

The washing machine is installed over a finished living space and has no catch pan or drain installed or is damaged. These are not commonly installed, but they are recommended to prevent water damage to finished interior spaces below if or when the washing machine leaks, overflows or is drained. Recommend having a qualified contractor install both a catch pan and drain.

Pipes Plumbing Contractor

10 - Plumbing

DESCRIPTIONS:

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Water Pressure
90 to 100 psi
Pressure Regulator
Yes
Earthquake Natural Gas Shut-Off Valve
No
Water Supply (Into Home)
Copper
Water Distribution (Inside Home)
Copper, Not Visible
Drain, Waster and Vent Material
Plastic, Not Visible
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

Plumbing System Inspection Overview

The plumbing system and components in the home were tested and inspected, including the following items:

  • Determining the location of the main water and gas shut off valves if visible, and inspecting for any visual concerns.
  • General visual inspection of exposed supply and drain piping material.
  • Testing of all fixtures at sinks, showers and tubs, and visually inspecting for leaks and condition.
  • Testing of toilets for proper operation, general condition and properly secured.
  • Inspection of the hot water system, age, and general condition.
Plumbing Photos

The following photos document the general condition of the plumbing if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

Main Sewer Line

Client declined a sewer line inspection. Client understands this limits our liability for sewer defects.

Fire Suppression System

A fire suppression system was installed on the premises. These are specialty systems and are excluded from this inspection. Comments in this report related to this system are made as a courtesy only and are not meant to be a substitute for a full evaluation by a qualified specialist. These systems normally require periodic inspection by a specialist to ensure correct operation. For example, checking for possible backflow contamination of the potable water system, or correct operation of valves and gauges. Recommend that a qualified specialist inspect this system in accordance with National Fire Prevention Association (NFPA) 25 standards.

Sprinkler & Irrigation System

Operation and evaluation of the irrigation (sprinkler) systems are outside of the scope of a home inspection. For this reason, this system was not inspected. We recommend consultation with the present owners, occupants or caretaker regarding the layout, maintenance and operation of the sprinkler system.

Water Filter(s)

The home had a water filter(s) installed. The Inspector was unable to determine the condition it was designed to treat. You should ask the seller or contact the manufacturer about its purpose and maintenance requirements.

Water Softener

The home had a water softener installed (not inspected). You should contact the manufacturer to find out what maintenance is required.

Water and Gas Piping: Gas Meter Wrench

A meter wrench should be located in the vicinity of the gas meter as recommended in areas subject to seismic activity. A proper wrench should be chained to the meter to provide a convenient means for shutoff in an emergency. The valve can be turned 90 degrees in either direction to shut the gas supply off.

Order a Gas Meter Wrench Here

Water and Gas Piping: Corrugated Stainless-Steel Tubing (CSST)

SB-998, known as the Proper Bonding and Grounding of Corrugated Stainless Steel Tubing Act simply states if a home inspector notices CSST in a home, the inspector shall note the presence of the CSST in the home inspection report and put this comment in the report:

"Manufacturers believe the product is safer if properly bonded and grounded as required by the manufacturer's installation instructions. Proper bonding and grounding of the product can only be determined by a licensed electrical contractor."

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Comment
10.1.1 - Public Supply Pressure

> 80 PSI

The water supply pressure is greater than 80 psi. Pressures above 80 psi may void warranties for some appliances such as water heaters or washing machines. Flexible supply lines to washing machines are more likely to burst with higher pressures. Typically the pressure cannot be regulated at the water meter. Recommend having a qualified plumber evaluate and make modifications to reduce the pressure below 80 psi. Installing a pressure reducing valve on the main service pipe is a common solution to this problem. If one exists, then it should be adjusted for lower pressures.

Pipes Plumbing Contractor

11 - Heating and Cooling

DESCRIPTIONS:

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Heating Approximate Age
15 to 20 years

The expected service life for a furnace is 15 to 20 years.

Cooling Approximate Age
15 to 20 years

The expected service life for an air conditioning unit is 12 to 15 years.

Thermostat Location
Hallway, Master Bedroom
Primary Heat Energy Source
Natural Gas
Primary Heat Type
Forced Air
Primary A/C Energy Source
Electric
Primary A/C Type
Split System
Manufacturer
Lennox
Filter Location
Behind Grill
Last Service Date
Unknown
Heating System Operational at Time of Inspection
Yes
Cooling System Operational at Time if Inspection
Yes
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

Heating System Inspection Overview:

The heating system for the home was visually inspected and tested including the following:

  • Turning on the system at the operating control and ensuring the system operated and heat was delivered from the system.
  • Opening readily accessible panels to visually inspect the system.
  • Inspecting the venting system, flues and chimneys, where present.

Regular service of the HVAC system is important for efficient operation and to achieve maximum life from equipment; equipment can fail at any time without warning; most manufacturers recommend annual service.

Heating System Photos

The following photos document the general condition of the heating system if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

Cooling System Inspection Overview:

The cooling system for the home was visually inspected and tested, with testing including the following:

  • Turning on the system at the operating control and ensuring the system operated and cool air was delivered from the system.
  • Opening readily accessible panels to visually inspect the system.
  • Inspecting the exterior compressor and coil, where present.

Regular service of the HVAC system is important for efficient operation and to achieve maximum life from equipment; equipment can fail at any time without warning; most manufacturers recommend annual service.

Cooling System Photos

The following photos document the general condition of the cooling system if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

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Comment
11.1.1 - Outside Condensing Unit

Cooling Fins - Both
Outside Rear

The cooling fins on the outdoor condensing unit's evaporator coils are dirty and bent, damaged and/or deteriorated. This may result in reduced efficiency and higher energy costs. A qualified heating and cooling contractor should evaluate and make repairs as necessary, and clean the evaporator coils.

Here is a Video on How to Perform A/C Condenser Maintenance

Fire HVAC Professional
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Comment
11.2.1 - Gas Heat

No Drip Leg

No drip leg is installed on the furnace or boiler gas supply line. Drip legs are intended to trap oil, scale, water condensation and/or debris from the gas supply lines before they reach and damage the furnace or boiler components. A qualified contractor should install a drip leg as per standard building practices.

* Note that depending on the quality of the gas being delivered in some municipalities, the installation of a drip leg or dirt leg may not be required by local officials.

Fire HVAC Professional
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Comment
11.4.1 - Age

A/C Condensing Unit - Older Than 10 - 15 Years

The estimated useful life for air conditioning compressors is 10 to 15 years. This unit appears to be exceeding this age. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future.

Th Heating and Cooling Contractor
$
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Comment
11.5.1 - Service

Now & Every Few Years

The last service date of this system appears to be more than 6 months ago, or the inspector was unable to determine the last service date. The client(s) should ask the property owner(s) when it was last serviced. If unable to determine the last service date, or if this system was serviced more than 6 months ago, a qualified heating and cooling contractor should inspect, clean, and service this system, and make repairs if necessary. This servicing should be performed every 6 months in the future, or as per the contractor's recommendations.

Here is a resource on the importance of furnace maintenance.

Th Heating and Cooling Contractor
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Comment
11.8.1 - Filters

Replace Now

Air handler filter(s) are dirty and should be replaced now. They should be checked monthly in the future and replaced as necessary.

Here is a DIY video on changing furnace filters.

Tools Handyman/DIY
$
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Comment
11.13.1 - Disconnect Switch

Switch - Missing

No serviceman's switch was visible for the furnace and or boiler. This is a switch that allows power to be turned off quickly if something goes wrong when someone is performing maintenance or repairs. This is a potential safety hazard. Requirements vary by municipality, but general guidelines require the switch be within an arm's length of the appliance. In some cases the disconnect at the electric panel (e.g. circuit breaker or fuse) may suffice if it's within sight of the appliance. Recommend that a qualified contractor install a serviceman's switch per standard building practices.

Th Heating and Cooling Contractor

12 - Kitchen

DESCRIPTIONS

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Appliances Present
Dishwasher, Oven, Cooktop, Disposal, Microwave, Fridge, Exhaust Fan
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

General Appliance Inspection/Testing Note

The appliances are all turned on and run, to ensure that they operate.  The testing done is general in nature, and not exhaustive.  We do not verify appliance thermostats including their calibration, adequacy of heating elements, self cleaning oven cycles, indicator lights, door seals, timers, clocks, timed features, ice-maker production, and other specialized features of the appliances. Note that if the occupant has dishes in the dishwasher or clothes in the washer or dryer, we do not operate them and will note the limitation in our ability to completely inspect and test these units. Appliances present and are not moved for inspection - limited inspection of walls, floors, cabinet areas covered by appliances.


Kitchen Photos

The following photos document the general condition of kitchen and appliances if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

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12.12.1 - Faucets

Leaks When On

One or more faucets leak by handle(s) or at their base when turned on. A qualified plumber should evaluate and repair as necessary.
Pipes Plumbing Contractor
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Comment
12.15.1 - Cabinets

No Pulls or Handles

Handles and/or drawer pulls are not installed on one or more cabinets, where the drawers and/or doors are difficult to open without them. Recommend installing handles and/or pulls as necessary.
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Comment
12.17.1 - Environmental

MicroBio Growth

Microbial growths were found at one or more locations. It is beyond the scope of this inspection to identify what substance or organism this staining is. However such staining is normally caused by excessively moist conditions, which in turn can be caused by plumbing or building envelope leaks and/or substandard ventilation. These conducive conditions should be corrected before making any attempts to remove or correct the staining. Normally affected materials such as drywall are removed, enclosed affected spaces are allowed to dry thoroughly, a mildewcide may be applied, and only then is drywall reinstalled. For evaluation and possible mitigation, consult with a qualified industrial hygienist or mold/moisture mitigation specialist.

For more information, visit:
http://www.reporthost.com/?MOLDCDC
http://www.reporthost.com/?MOLDEPA

Hardhat Mold Inspector

13 - Interior Rooms

DESCRIPTIONS

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Exterior Door Material
Glass Panel, Solid Core Fiberglass
Window Type
Vinyl, Sliding, Single-Hung, Multi-Pane, Fixed
Wall Type or Covering
Drywall
Ceiling Type or Covering
Drywall
Floor Type or Covering
Carpet, Tile
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

Interior Inspection Overview

An inspection of the interior surfaces was performed throughout the home to include visually inspecting the ceilings, walls, floors, doors and windows of each room.  Every effort is made to inspect all interior areas but we can't move occupant furniture or belongings. 

  • Doors were operated and tested for proper operation including whether the door rubs, latches engage, and the general condition of doors.
  • Windows were tested and operated on a representative number, including looking for cracked glass, broken thermal seals, and latch/lock operation.  While we operate window blinds in order to access the windows to operate and inspect them, the overall condition of window coverings and treatments is outside the scope of a home inspection. 
  • Countertops and a representative number of cabinets were inspected and tested.  
  • Steps and stair railings were inspected for any safety concerns.  
  • Exhaust fans were turned on to verify they operate with normal switch control. 
Interior Photos

The following photos document the general condition of the interior if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

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Comment
13.1.1 - Windows (Representative Number)

Older Windows

Windows in the home were generally old. Recommend budgeting for a replacement in the near future.

Window Window Repair and Installation Contractor
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Comment
13.5.1 - Light Fixtures (Representative Number)

Closet Lighting - Open Lamp

Lamp holders or light fixtures with fully or partially exposed bulbs are installed in one or more closets. This is a safety hazard due to the risk of fire. Flammable stored items may come into contact with hot bulbs, and hot fragments from broken bulbs may fall on combustible materials. Standard building practices require closet lighting to use fluorescent light fixtures, or to use fully enclosed incandescent fixtures. Installing a compact fluorescent lamp in a lamp holder is not an acceptable practice. A qualified electrician should replace closet lights as necessary and as per standard building practices.

Electric Electrical Contractor
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Comment
13.10.1 - Smoke and CO Detectors

Smoke Alarms - Replace Batteries

Batteries in all the smoke alarms should be replaced after taking occupancy, and annually in the future. "Chirping" noises emitted from smoke alarms typically indicate that batteries need replacing.

Buy Smoke Detector Batteries Here

Tools Handyman/DIY

14 - Bathrooms

OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

Bathroom Photos

The following photos document the general condition of the bathrooms if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

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Comment
14.7.1 - Bathtubs

Enamel Deteriorated

The enamel coating on one or more bathtubs is damaged and/or deteriorated. For example, chipped or worn, and/or rust on some exposed steel. However, no leaks were found due to the deterioration. The client(s) should evaluate to determine if the bathtub(s) should be refinished or replaced.

Tools Handyman/DIY
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Comment
14.7.2 - Bathtubs

Caulk Missing or Deteriorated - At Floor

Caulk is missing or deteriorated along the base of one or more bathtubs, where flooring meets the tub. It should be replaced where deteriorated and/or applied where missing to prevent water intrusion and damage to the floor structure.

Tools Handyman/DIY
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Comment
14.8.1 - Showers

Caulk Missing or Deteriorated - Around Surround

Caulk is missing or deteriorated around one or more shower surrounds. It should be replaced where deteriorated and/or applied where missing to prevent water intrusion and damage to the wall structure.

Tools Handyman/DIY
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Comment
14.10.1 - Countertops

Needs Caulk at Backsplash

Caulk is missing and/or deteriorated where countertops meet backsplashes in wet areas, such as around sinks. Caulk should be replaced where deteriorated and/or applied where missing to prevent water damage.

Here is a helpful DIY video on caulking gaps.

Tools Handyman/DIY

15 - Fireplace, Wood Stoves and Chimneys

DESCRIPTIONS:

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Chimney Type
Metal
Fireplace Type
Metal Prefab
Wood Stove Type
N/A
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

Service Advice

Recommend that the client review all available documentation for gas-fired fireplaces and stoves. Depending on how they are operated (for routine heating versus ambiance), such appliances may need servicing annually or every few years. Consult with the property owner and/or a qualified specialist to determine if service is needed now. Any needed repairs noted in this report should be brought to the attention of the specialist when it's serviced. 

For more information visit:
https://www.google.com/search?q=annual+service+gas+fireplace

Fireplace Photos

The following photos document the general condition of the fireplace if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

No Gas

The gas supply for one or more gas fireplaces and/or stoves was turned off. As per the Standards of Practice for both the National Association of Certified Home Inspectors (NACHI) and the American Society of Home Inspectors (ASHI)the inspector does not operate gas shut off valves or light pilot lights during inspections. These appliances were not fully evaluated.

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15.4.1 - Gas

Aluminum Gas Line

Aluminum gas line was noted in the fireplace and is not the recommended material in today's building practice. Suggest further review with a licensed professional.

Fireplace Chimney Repair Contractor

16 - Attic

DESCRIPTIONS:

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Ceiling Structure
Trusses
Inspection Method
Partially traversed
Insulation Material
Fiberglass Roll/Batt
Roof Structure
Trusses
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

Attic Photos

The following photos document the general condition of the attic if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

Some Areas Inaccessible

Some attic areas were inaccessible due to lack of permanently installed walkways, the possibility of damage to insulation, low height and/or stored items. These areas are excluded from this inspection.

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Comment
16.1.1 - Access Hatch

No Insulation Over

No insulation is installed over the attic access hatch. Recommend installing insulation above hatch for better energy efficiency.

Tools Handyman/DIY
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Comment
16.3.1 - Electrical

Cover Plates Broken

Cover plate(s) are broken at one or more electric boxes, such as for receptacles, switches and/or junction boxes. They are intended to contain fire and prevent electric shock from exposed wires. This is a safety hazard due to the risk of fire and shock. Cover plates should be replaced where necessary.

Electric Electrical Contractor

17 - Pool and/or Spa

DESCRIPTIONS:

The materials, styles and components present and observable are described as follows:

Electrical Disconnect Location
Sub-Panel at Equipment
Filter Type
Diatomaceous Earth
Pool/Spa Type
Below Ground
Water Refill Through
Valve
Electrical Wiring
Liquid Tite Flex
Filter Air Relief Valve Installed
Yes
Pool/Spa Material
Plaster-Gunite
Pump Types
Circulation
Coping Material
Tile
Deck Material
Tile, Paving Stones
Fence and Gate Material
Wrought Iron, Wood, Masonry
Filter Pressure Gauge Installed
Yes
Heater Energy Source
Natural Gas
Line Material
PVC, Plastic
Water Level
Full
OBSERVATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS:

The following items were Inspected and Observed, with any Recommended Actions noted:

General Pool/Spa Photos

The following photos document the general condition of the pool/spa if applicable. These photos reflect areas that have no existing concerns at this time. Areas with a specific concern or defect are noted separately, referencing the specific issue and area of concern.

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17.2.1 - Body

Surface Wear

The surface of the pool/spa body had cracks, pop ups, chipping, rust spots and or significant wear marks in some areas. A qualified person should evaluate and repair as necessary. Concrete pools or spas should be re-plastered every 10 to 15 years.

Pool Swimming Pool / Spa Contractor
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Comment
17.2.2 - Body

Missing Safety Float Line

No safety float line was installed where the bottom slope begins to deepen. This is a safety hazard. Standards require that one be installed one to two feet on the shallow side of this transition when the transition is located in water deeper than four and a half feet deep. Recommend installing a safety float line.
Pool Swimming Pool / Spa Contractor
$
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Comment
17.2.3 - Body

No Cover

No removable cover was installed for the pool and or spa. Recommend that one be installed to maintain water quality and for safety purposes.

Pool Swimming Pool / Spa Contractor
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Comment
17.3.1 - Deck

Poor Drainage

Drainage from the decking is substandard and may result in surface water draining into the pool/spa, or ponding. Decking should slope a minimum of one inch in six feet of distance. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair as necessary.

Pool Swimming Pool / Spa Contractor
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Comment
17.5.1 - Pumps, Motors, Lines and Valves

Motor - Service Life (8 Years)

The motor for the pump appeared to be near, at or beyond its service life. Typically this is eight years but may be longer. The motor may need rebuilding or replacement in the near future.

Pool Swimming Pool / Spa Contractor
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Comment
17.6.1 - Heater

Gas Piping - No Drip Leg

No drip leg was installed in the heater's gas supply line. Drip legs are intended to prevent damage to gas-fired appliances by trapping oil, scale, water condensation and/or debris. A qualified contractor should install a drip leg as per standard building practices.

Pool Swimming Pool / Spa Contractor
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Comment
17.6.2 - Heater

Service Gas Heater Now and Annually

The last service date of this system appeared to be more than one year ago, or the inspector was unable to determine the last service date. If unable to determine the last service date, or if this system was serviced more than one year ago, a qualified contractor should inspect, clean, and service this system, and make repairs if necessary. For safety reasons, and because this system is fueled by natural gas or propane, this servicing should be performed annually in the future.

Pool Swimming Pool / Spa Contractor
$
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Comment
17.7.1 - Filter

High Pressure - DE > 7-10 psi Clean

The reading at the Diatomaceous earth filter's pressure gauge was relatively high. Diatomaceous earth filters should be backwashed and have the medium replaced when the pressure gauge reads 7-10 lbs above the clean, starting pressure (after backwashing and replacing medium). If backwashing is ineffective then the septa may need replacing, or other repairs may be needed. A qualified person should evaluate and maintain or repair as necessary.

Pool Swimming Pool / Spa Contractor

18 - Pool Safety Features

California Required Pool Safety Comment

If a private pool and or spa are present (whether or not contracted to be inspected by this company), the inspector will report the presence only of one or more of the below child barrier systems (inspector reporting required by law).

The inspector does not verify any testing agency listing or approvals, effectiveness, adequacy, compliance with local or other regulations or for proper installation or function.  The inspector reports only presence or non-presence of any of the below barrier systems to you.  Below is a list of the systems from the California Health and Safety Code section 115922.  It is the pool owner responsibility to research proper barrier systems and maintain the system(s).  For more information contact a pool/spa specialist, we also recommend you study this document:  https://www.poolsafely.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Safety-Barrier-Guidelines-Pub-2017.pdf and visit this website: https://www.poolsafely.gov/

NOTE:  this information does not represent in any way a pool and or spa and equipment inspection.  Should you desire a pool and equipment inspection please contact a pool expert.  Not Present will be used as determination even if a device is present and not operational or otherwise disabled.

Enclosure
PRESENT

An enclosure that meets the requirements of Section 115923 and isolates the swimming pool or spa from the private single-family home.

Mesh Fencing
NOT PRESENT

Removable mesh fencing that meets American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Specifications F2286 standards in conjunction with a gate that is self-closing and self-latching and can accommodate a key lockable device.

Approved Pool Safety Cover
NOT PRESENT

An approved safety pool cover, as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 115921.

Exit Alarm(s)
NOT PRESENT

Exit alarms on the private single-family homes doors that provide direct access to the swimming pool or spa. The exit alarm may cause either an alarm noise or a verbal warning, such as a repeating notification that the door to the pool is open."

Self-Closing, Self-Latching Door Devices
PRESENT

A self-closing, self-latching device with a release mechanism placed no lower than 54 inches above the floor on the private single-family homes doors providing direct access to the swimming pool or spa.

Pool Alarm(s)
NOT PRESENT

An alarm that, when placed in a swimming pool or spa, will sound upon detection of accidental or unauthorized entrance into the water. The alarm shall meet and be independently certified to the ASTM Standard F2208 Standard Safety Specification for Residential Pool Alarms, which includes surface motion, pressure, sonar, laser, and infrared type alarms. A swimming protection alarm feature designed for individual use, including an alarm attached to a child that sounds when the child exceeds a certain distance or becomes submerged in water, is not a qualifying drowning prevention safety feature.

Other Means of Protection
NOT PRESENT

Other means of protection, if the degree of protection afforded is equal to or greater than that afforded by any of the features set forth above and has been independently verified by an approved testing laboratory as meeting standards for those features established by the ASTM or the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

19 - Final Checklist

Turned Oven Off
Yes
Drained Sinks, Tubs and Showers
Yes
Turned Off All Lights, Interior/Exterior
Yes
Returned Thermostat to Original Setting
Yes
Closed Garage Doors
Yes
Locked Windows/Doors
Yes
Checked and Closed Yard Gates
Yes
Reset All GFCI's
Yes
Reset Garage Fridge/Freezer GFCI and Take Photo of Inside
Not Applicable

20 - Disclaimers

Asbestos

The inspector is not licensed by the EPA and cannot determine or test if asbestos materials exist in any area throughout the structure. Any structure built prior to 1978 may contain asbestos in one or multiple building materials used during that era of construction. If you have concerns about possible asbestos, it is solely up to you to arrange for asbestos testing by an appropriate licensed contractor. Signature Home Inspection will not engage in any claims regarding asbestos.

Interior

Limited inspection on all occupied/staged structures. Personal property, furniture, moving boxes or other items are not moved and will prevent a complete inspection (this applies to all areas inside and outside of the structure being inspected). We recommend checking for permits on all additional construction or alterations including, but not limited to: window replacements, patio roofs, out structures, garage and attic conversions, roof alterations, etc. performed on the property after original construction. If multiple people are present at or arrive during this inspection and enter areas or operate appliances or fixtures after they have already been inspected or reported on by the home inspector; the home inspector is not responsible for the condition of these items or areas after they are inspected; the home inspector does not go back and re-inspect the items/areas during this limited time inspection. The Inspector cannot determine if past or present hidden pet damage exists in any part of the structure. The inspector is not a code violation inspector and will not report on building code requirements in any way. Built-in central vacuum systems are not inspected. Interior window shutters/blinds/coverings are not tested or inspected as part of this home inspection (this includes all windows at the structure). Tint/film over windows is not inspected and often is bubbled/loose/peeling/scratched - tint/film (if present) can prevent an accurate inspection of the window glass areas. Only accessible windows and doors are inspected, personal items are not moved to access or test all doors and windows. Broken double pane seals cannot be determined with this inspection, dirty windows can hide signs of condensation between panes. Vertical operating windows are known to have sash cable/spring problems, although the problem may not exist at the time of the inspection, we recommend that you check them often and repair these windows upon discovery of any sash cable or spring problems. Only the visible and accessible switches/outlets are testing during this inspection, personal items are not moved to access any outlets/switches behind them. Fireplace is visually inspected only, the fireplace is not lit to test flame color or condition. The internal cavity of the fireplace is not inspected. It is recommended that you have an internal inspection of the chimney and/or a Gas Company evaluation of the fireplace beyond the scope of this inspection. Ceiling fan mounts cannot be checked by the inspector. Smoke and carbon monoxide detectors that are out of reach are not tested for functionality, all battery operated smoke detectors should be within reach for testing and maintenance. We recommend any mold or moisture damaged areas noted in the report be further evaluated for cause and correction by the appropriate licensed contractor.

Bathrooms

Bathtub and sink overflow drains and spa tub jet hoses are not inspected and leaks in these areas cannot be detected with this inspection. Shower pans are not leak tested and cannot be determined if properly water-proofed by the inspector, consult the termite report for any shower pan tests. Exterior or interior access panels are only inspected if readily accessible and operable (not sealed or painted or screwed shut), second story access panels are not opened. The home inspector cannot determine if shower pans or tubs are properly pitched for drainage. We recommend upgrading all electrical outlets to GFCI protection within 6 feet of all potential wet locations, however this may not be a requirement for the sale of a home based on the age of the home (this also applies to kitchen sinks, wet bar sinks and laundry sinks).

Kitchen

Appliances receive a limited inspection for basic functionality only, additional features are not tested. Appliances are NOT disassembled to evaluate the internal working parts of each appliance. The inspection cannot determine how well the dishwasher cleans the dishes. Disposal blades are not inspected. It cannot be determine how well the oven, range/cook-top or microwave cook food. Age, remaining life, BTUs, CFMs and other forms of efficiency or effectiveness are not determined with this inspection. Water purifying systems, instant hot systems and water softeners are not inspected. Non built-in appliances and built-in refrigerators are excluded from this report.

Laundry

Supply valves, laundry drain, gas valve and dryer vent cannot be tested whether a washing machine is present or not. Washer and dryer units are not inspected or turned on for testing during this inspection and are excluded from this report. Washer and dryers are not moved to inspect the walls/floors/other components behind them. Water supply valves that are left in the on position for a long period of time tend to leak when turned off or do not shut off completely. Drains are not pressure tested.

Attic

The inspector cannot determine, report on or test if asbestos materials exist in any area throughout the structure. When attic insulation is covering ceiling joists, we cannot completely inspect some areas due to inspector safety concerns. Most attics are not completely accessible due to limited space. Attic insulation and limited space will prevent the inspector from performing a complete inspection of the attic area, not all areas are accessible and will be determined at the inspectors discretion. The Inspector does not determine the R-value of insulation present or the efficiency or effectiveness of HVAC duct layout or design. Attic insulation is not touched, moved or otherwise disturbed during the inspection. Temperature sensors and fans for attic exhaust systems are not tested. Rodents: If there is visible evidence of rodents or other pests, it will be noted as such. Most rodent/pest infestation exists under attic insulation, in walls or in areas not visible to the inspector and cannot be identified with this inspection. Its recommended a pest inspection be performed beyond the scope of a home inspection whether or not evidence exists.

Garage

The garage is often the location where most storage occurs and receives a limited inspection when items are present. Personal items or other materials/possessions are not moved in any way to provide access to areas for inspection - areas of rafters, ceilings, firewall(s) or other walls should not be considered fully inspected if personal items or storage is present - defects may be present behind these items and not visible to the inspector at the time of inspection. Doors, windows, cabinets, counters, closets, slab areas, electrical areas, ventilation, plumbing areas or soffit(s) not fully accessible are not inspected, tested or evaluated. Firewall: fire rating labels are often not visible on finished drywall and cannot be determined with this inspection. Garage doors, hardware, openers and associated safety devices can only be inspected if these areas are clear of stored items and can be safely operated without disturbing other items in the garage. Garage doors, hardware and openers require periodic maintenance and servicing. Remote controls for openers are not tested. Door opener activator button should be minimum 54-inches above floor for safety. Pressure sensors/systems are generally not tested due to the risk of damage if they are not properly operating - we recommend having a general service completed prior to regular use. We recommend checking permits for any converted garage areas or additional walls/ceilings or other alterations made to the garage.

Heating & Air Conditioning

This report does not indicate if the heater is on recall, a follow up with RecallChek.com is recommended. Electronic or Ultra violet air filters are not inspected. Inspector cannot determine if there is a crack in the firebox or if carbon monoxide is leaking in any part of the system. Not all registers can be tested for pressure flow, due to location, condition and operation of the heating & air conditioning system. Adjustable registers that are closed are not opened by the Inspector. Missing manufacturer labels prevent RecallChek (this is true for all appliances/systems at the structure). Age, remaining life, size or efficiency cannot be determined by the Inspector. The air conditioning system freon or other refrigerant levels are not checked or determined if leaking by the Inspector. Heaters, coil boxes, condensers and air compressors are NOT disassembled to evaluate the internal working parts. This inspection does not determine if the evaporator coil BTU size is the same as condensing unit size or any other mechanical efficiency

Water Heater

The water heater is visually inspected only, the combustion/pilot doors are not removed for flame or burner condition inspection due to the potential for draft to burn out the pilot flame. Circulation pumps, TPR Valves and pressure tanks cannot be tested with inspection. Solar water heaters are not inspected. Tankless units that are not original to the structure should be further evaluated by a qualified tankless technician as there are many aspects that are beyond of the scope of a general home inspection. Age, remaining life, size or efficiency cannot be determined by the Inspector. Gas lines are not measured or sized for water heater needs. The Inspector cannot light the pilot flame on the water heater or any other appliance where a pilot flame is not already on.

Roof

The inspector cannot determine if a roof (or any part of the roof system) leaks at any time or under any weather conditions, no water or hose testing is performed during this inspection. If there are concerns or signs of possible roof leaks, please contact a licensed roofer to perform an additional inspection. Remaining roof life can only be determined by a licensed roofer. This applies to all roof areas evaluated during this inspection. Tile roofs, metal roofs or roof areas not accessible with a 12-foot ladder will receive a limited inspection from the ground or eaves only. Tile, metal or other materials that can be damaged will not be walked on by the Inspector. Chimney cavities are excluded from this inspection, recommend an internal chimney inspection be performed beyond the scope of the home inspection. Solar panels and tube globes are excluded from this report. Solar panels will prevent inspection of roof areas beneath them.

Electrical/Gas

Electrical panels are visually inspected only, the inspector does not perform a load calculation to determine service capacity adequacy. Some wire types cannot be determined due to wire casings cover wires entering the breakers. Panels with excess wiring are not completely visible due to amount of wires inside panel. Breakers are visually inspected only - the inspector does not perform any electrical stress tests on the system to determine if a breaker trips properly - including AFCI and GFCI breakers (consult an electrician for further evaluation, if this is a concern). Electrical and gas fires due to poor installation of wiring and faulty gas pipes cannot be determined by the inspector. Only accessible GFCIs with test and reset buttons are tested, the inspector does not determine which GFCI outlets may be linked to other areas of the structure. Ungrounded outlets may be present in older structures (pre-1965) even if the main or sub panels have been upgraded. The inspector cannot determine if all wiring has been updated. Expect to find ungrounded outlets in older homes (pre-1965) - this is not a defect. We recommend the gas supplier be contacted to safety check all fuel gas systems/appliances prior to purchase and occupancy. The Inspector cannot determine if a gas leak is present in any area of the home or underground at any time during the inspection. Carbon monoxide poisoning cannot be detected with this inspection, including all gas and propane systems interior and exterior of the structure. Gas supply valves are not turned or operated during this inspection. The internal condition of gas appliance ventilation exhaust pipes cannot be detected. Pilot lights and fire places are not lit by the inspector at any time, for any reason. It is the responsibility of the client to ensure that the main gas and electrical systems are on prior to the inspection. The requirement of gas line sediment traps is not determined by the inspector.

Exterior Areas

For all wood areas or damaged wooden areas and moisture problems (mold/mildew), consult the termite inspection report. See interior section of the report for additional window and door information. In no way, shape or form can the inspector determine if the exterior of the home is water tight or is built to prevent moisture intrusion, no hose or water testing is performed at this inspection. Stucco and siding require periodic seasonal maintenance, consult an exterior finish contractor for maintenance tips/schedules/suggestions. Fire pits, exterior fireplaces and exterior BBQs are excluded from this inspection. We recommend adding anti-siphon/back flow preventers (if not already present) on all exterior hose bibs for optimum potable water protection. Property boundary lines and encroachment determinations are beyond the scope of a home inspection and are not inspected or included in this report - Consult with another qualified professional as needed for evaluation if concerns exist in this area. Zero lot lines prevent a complete inspection of areas on other properties. Common areas controlled by Home Owners Associations are not included in this inspection. Areas not visible or accessible due to height/ angle/vegetation/other forms of limited access are not included in this inspection. Inspector does not use specialized instruments to detect moisture, if any, under stucco or siding surfaces. Generators, security gates, sport courts and solar power systems are not included in this inspection.

Grounds

This inspection cannot determine if patio and porch roofs, balconies or patio enclosures are water tight, no water/hose testing is performed. The Inspector does not perform any stress or destructive testing of the electrical system; Yard area electrical that is not readily visible and accessible may not be seen or inspected; Low voltage lighting/electrical systems, motion detectors, intercom, video/audio/security systems and electric outdoor heating systems are not inspected. Generally, it is typical for older homes not to have exterior outlets or switches, this is not a defect. Sprinklers on timers are not inspected, consult seller/HOA. Above ground pools, ponds, fountains, waterfalls, birdbaths, and associated equipment or pumps used for these items, are excluded from this report. Steep hillsides and inaccessible areas on the grounds are excluded from this report. It is highly recommend that all structures built on hillsides and slopes have a geological inspection performed to determine if the hillside/grading is stable.This inspection cannot determine ground movement or drainage issues, the addition of drains may be needed in areas. Fences, walls or gates are not evaluated for security or design. The Inspector cannot determine if planter areas are leaking into the structure, consult seller disclosures or obtain further evaluation of these areas for any moisture intrusion issues. Landscape lighting systems and timer boxes are excluded from this inspection.

Foundation

Sump pumps, septic tanks and sewer drain pipes from structure to street are excluded from this inspection. The Inspector does not perform calculations to determine exact square-feet of ventilation required at time of construction (this is also true for attic spaces). Some areas of a raised foundation my not be accessible due to limited space, plumbing piping, duct work obstructions, insulation, soil levels and stem walls. The inspector will not traverse any area deemed unsafe or where damage may be caused as a result, this is up to the sole discretion of the Inspector (this is also true for attic spaces). It is not always possible for the inspector to view every side/angle/ connection of all plumbing pipes due to plumbing design/layout/approach angle/etc. Underground plumbing/pipes cannot be visually inspected. Pressure testing is not performed during this limited inspection. Drain scope inspections are recommended whether a defect is detected or not. Slab foundations are often covered and not visible; therefore the inspection is limited. Slab foundation leaks cannot be determined by the home inspector.

Pool

Solar panels/heating systems, diving boards and water slides are excluded from report. Valves that are not labeled for the pool and/or spa jets are excluded from this report and may prevent proper testing and inspection. Underground plumbing cannot be inspected. Automatic pool fill float valves and electronic chlorine dispensers are excluded from this report. Ultraviolet light and/or salt chlorine generator type water treatment systems not included in this inspection. Water chemistry is not tested. Control panels/fixtures on the side of the pool or spa and any remote controls are not included in this inspection. Portable spas have a limited inspection - no internal parts are inspected. The inspector cannot determine if a pool or spa leaks. The inspector cannot determine the remaining life of any of the pool equipment. Safety pressure relief valves (if present) are not operated and are excluded from inspection; an internal evaluation of the heater parts is beyond the scope of this inspection. It is the buyers full responsibility to ensure the pool area is in full compliance with the safety laws and codes. If there is no self containing fence around the pool, all doors from the structure leading to the pool and spa must be equipped with safety alarms and secondary latches above the reach of children. All gates leading to the pool must self close and be equipped with a latch five feet or higher from the ground. The fencing in all cases must be five feet tall.

Plumbing

Plumbing supply valves are visually inspected only and are not tested for functionality due to the potential for leakage - valves that are not used often will seize or freeze and are likely to leak when operated (opened/closed). Corrosion or rust is often a sign of slow leaking and should be further evaluated by a plumber if detected in the inspection or photos. If galvanized or cast iron plumbing is present in any part of the structure it is recommended that plumber further evaluate the plumbing system due to the age of the materials. Underground piping is not visible to the inspector, therefore cannot be evaluated by the inspector. Slab foundation leaks cannot be determined by the home inspector. The plumbing type section of the report includes a percentage approximation of the plumbing type, it is not a guarantee of the plumbing type in all areas. The inspector cannot see plumbing type or pinhole leaks inside walls, floors, slabs or other areas that may be covered. Leaks can occur after the inspection and are not the responsibility of the Inspector. Existing leaks, hidden leaks, or other leaks that occur from normal testing/inspection and and subsequent damage from plumbing leaks are not the responsibility of the Inspector. This inspection also does not determine or identify geographic areas that are prone to defective materials or pinhole leaking issues. Consult sellers disclosures and qualified professionals/contractors if concerns exist in this area. Septic tanks, water softners, water filters, wells, pumps and associated equipment, water supply quantity and quality are not included in this inspection.

*Contractor References

This report may contain a contractor reference and contractor contact information. Choosing a contractor is done solely at the risk of the client. Signature Home Inspection cannot control the events that take place between contractors and customers and therefore cannot be held liable or any problems that may occur. References to contractors, their products and services, are provided as is without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. In no event shall Signature Home Inspection be held liable for any incidental, indirect or consequential damages of any kind resulting from the information provided by each company and any business conducted as a result of such information. It is highly recommended that you check with your local licensing or business board for up to date and accurate information. When you contact a contractor you should:

1. Ask for and contact at least two customer references.

2. Find out how long they have worked in your area (familiarity with local building codes is important).

3. Ask if they are bonded (insured for damages and injuries on the job) Get a signed estimate for all parts and labor/installation.

4. You may wish to contact more than one contractor to ensure you are getting the best service and materials for your money.

This disclaimer applies to all references found on any and all of our report pages.

SEE CONTRACT FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION AND DESCRIPTION OF ITEMS

21 - Certified Master Inspector® Safe Home Book

Certified Master Inspector Safe Home Book

Signature Home Inspection is proud to include our 226 Page Safe Home Book as part of your home inspection report.  This publication is a compilation of well-researched articles especially for homeowners.  They include valuable information and tips for helping keep families safe and their homes in top condition.  Please enjoy it with our compliments. 2013 International Association of Certified Home Inspectors & Master Inspector Certification Board.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW

22 - Additional Resources/Home Maintenance eBooks

Additional Resources

CA PUBLIC RESOURCES CODE

25401.7. At the time a single-family residential dwelling is sold, a buyer or seller may request a home inspection, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 7195 of the Business and Professions Code, and a home inspector, as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 7195 of the Business and Professions Code, shall provide, contact information for one or more of the following entities that provide home energy information: (a) A nonprofit organization. (b) A provider to the residential dwelling of electrical service, or gas service, or both. (c) A government agency, including, but not limited to, the commission.

UTILITY BILL, REBATES AND OTHER ASSISTANCE

Online Consumer and Business Conservation Rebate Database: www.consumerenergycenter.org
California Department of Consumer Affairs: www.dca.ca.gov/energy-challenge.htm
California Energy Commission, for information on utility bill assistance programs: 800-772-3300 or www.consumerenergycenter.org
California Public Utilities Commission Consumer Affairs Branch, for information on baseline and other optional rates and bill assistance programs: 800-649-7570 or www.cpuc.ca.gov
California Energy Alternative Rates (CARE): Call your local utility company for information and applications.

CONCLUSION

We are proud of our service and trust you will be happy with the quality of your report. We have made every effort to provide you with an accurate assessment of the condition of the property and its components and to alert you to any significant defects or adverse conditions. However, we may not have tested every outlet, opened every window and door or identified every problem. Also because our inspection is essentially visual, latent defects could exist. We cannot see behind walls. Therefore, you should not regard our inspection as a guarantee or warranty. It is simply a report on the general condition of a property at a given point in time. As a homeowner, you should expect problems to occur. Roofs will leak, basements may have water problems and systems may fail without warning. We cannot predict future events. For those reasons, you should keep a comprehensive insurance policy current.

This report was written exclusively for our Client. It is not transferable to other people. The report is only supplemental to a seller’s disclosure.

Thank you for taking the time to read this report and call us if you have any questions. We are always attempting to improve quality of our service and our report.

PRE-CLOSING WALK-THROUGH

The walk-through prior to closing is the time for Client to inspect the property. Conditions can change between the time of a home inspection and the time of closing. Restrictions that existed during the inspection may have been removed for the walk-through. Defects or problems that were not found during the home inspection may be discovered during the walk-through. Client should be thorough during the walk-through.

Any defect of problem discovered the walk-through should be negotiated with the owner/seller of the property prior to closing. Purchasing the property with a known defect or problem releases SIGNATURE HOME INSPECTION of all responsibility. Client assumes responsibility for all known defects after settlement.

The following are recommendations for the pre-closing walk-through your new house. Consider hiring a Certified Master Inspector to assist you.

1. Check the heating and cooling system. Turn the thermostat to heat mode and turn the temperature setting up. Confirm that the heating system is running and making heat. Turn the thermostat to off and wait 20 minutes. Turn the thermostat to cool mode and turn the temperature setting down. Confirm the condenser is spinning and the system is making cool air. The cooling system should not be checked if the temperature is below 60 degrees. You should not operate a heat pump in the heating mode when it is over 75 degrees outside.
2. Operate all appliances.
3. Run water at all fixtures and flush toilets.
4. Operate all exterior doors, windows and locks.
5. Test smoke and carbon monoxide detectors.
6. Ask for all remote controls to any garage door openers, fans, gas fireplaces, etc.
7. Inspect areas that may have been restricted at the time of the inspection.
8. Ask seller questions about anything that was not covered during the home inspection.
9. Ask seller about prior infestation treatment and warranties that may be transferable.
10. Read seller’s disclosure.

The links below connect you to a series of documents that will help you understand your home and how it works. These are in addition to links attached to specific items in the report.

Click on any link to read about that system.

ROOFING, FLASHINGS AND CHIMNEYS

EXTERIOR

STRUCTURE

ELECTRICAL

HEATING

COOLING/HEAT PUMPS

INSULATION

PLUMBING

INTERIOR

APPLIANCES

LIFE CYCLES and COSTS

ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS

HOME SET-UP AND MAINTENANCE

MORE ABOUT HOME INSPECTIONS

FOLLOW-UP INSPECTION POLICY
Generally we discourage follow-up inspections for this reason:

QUALITY OF REPAIRS:

If repairs are made to a property based on the results of an inspection, the work should be performed by qualified contractors, not the seller. By qualified, we mean licensed, bonded, state-certified where applicable and with a reasonable amount of experience. Contractors providing repairs should provide legible documentation in the form of work orders and/or receipts. If repairs are made in this way, then there's generally no need for a follow-up inspection. Additionally, it may be better to negotiate a lower price on your home and have repairs made by contractors you choose rather than the seller making repairs as cheaply as possible.

Our fees for follow-up inspections are as follows:

* Re-inspection fees are billed at $100 per hour, minimum of 2 hours. Travel time to and from property is billed at this rate.

ENERGY SAVING WEBSITES/TIPS:

Perhaps you never thought of your home as a likely place to save you a lot of money, but it is. Most homes are far from being energy-efficient. That means if you are using more energy than you have to, you are also paying higher monthly bills than necessary. By checking out the following energy saving web-sites, you will be able to gain some wise energy saving ideas that you will be able to put to use right away. You can do many of them yourself, others may require the services of a licensed contractor:

http://www.energystar.gov/
http://www.eere.energy.gov/buildings/building_america
http://www.aceee.org/consumerguide
http://www.efficientwindows.org